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Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation enhances strength training volume but not the force–velocity profile

Purpose This study aimed to explore the acute effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the force–velocity relationship, strength training volume, movement velocity, and ratings of perceived exertion. Methods Fourteen healthy men (age 22.8 ± 3.0 years) were randomly stimulated over... Full description

Journal Title: European journal of applied physiology 2020, Vol.120 (8), p.1881-1891
Main Author: Alix-Fages, Carlos
Other Authors: García-Ramos, Amador , Calderón-Nadal, Giancarlo , Colomer-Poveda, David , Romero-Arenas, Salvador , Fernández-del-Olmo, Miguel , Márquez, Gonzalo
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
ID: ISSN: 1439-6319
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/32533243
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title: Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation enhances strength training volume but not the force–velocity profile
format: Article
creator:
  • Alix-Fages, Carlos
  • García-Ramos, Amador
  • Calderón-Nadal, Giancarlo
  • Colomer-Poveda, David
  • Romero-Arenas, Salvador
  • Fernández-del-Olmo, Miguel
  • Márquez, Gonzalo
subjects:
  • Adult
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Biomedicine
  • Exercise Tolerance
  • Human Physiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Movement
  • Muscle Contraction
  • Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine
  • Original Article
  • Physical training
  • Prefrontal cortex
  • Prefrontal Cortex - physiology
  • Resistance Training - methods
  • Sports Medicine
  • Sports training
  • Strength training
  • Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation - methods
  • Velocity
ispartof: European journal of applied physiology, 2020, Vol.120 (8), p.1881-1891
description: Purpose This study aimed to explore the acute effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the force–velocity relationship, strength training volume, movement velocity, and ratings of perceived exertion. Methods Fourteen healthy men (age 22.8 ± 3.0 years) were randomly stimulated over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex with either ANODAL, CATHODAL or SHAM tDCS for 15 min at 2 mA. The one-repetition maximum (1RM) and force–velocity relationship parameters were evaluated during the bench press exercise before and after receiving the tDCS. Subsequently, participants completed a resistance training session consisting of sets of five repetitions with 1 min of inter-set rest against the 75%1RM until failure. Results No significant changes were observed in the 1RM or in the force–velocity relationship parameters ( p  ≥ 0.377). The number of repetitions was higher for the ANODAL compared to the CATHODAL ( p  = 0.025; ES = 0.37) and SHAM ( p  = 0.009; ES = 0.47) conditions. The reductions of movement velocity across sets were lower for the ANODAL than for the CATHODAL and SHAM condition ( p  = 0.014). RPE values were lower for the ANODAL compared to the CATHODAL ( p  = 0.119; ES = 0.33) and SHAM ( p  = 0.150; ES = 0.44) conditions. No significant differences between the CATHODAL and SHAM conditions were observed for any variable. Conclusion The application of ANODAL tDCS before a resistance training session increased training volume, enabled the maintenance of higher movement velocities, and reduced RPE values. These results suggest that tDCS could be an effective method to enhance resistance-training performance.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1439-6319
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 1439-6319
  • 1439-6327
url: Link


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titleAnodal transcranial direct current stimulation enhances strength training volume but not the force–velocity profile
creatorAlix-Fages, Carlos ; García-Ramos, Amador ; Calderón-Nadal, Giancarlo ; Colomer-Poveda, David ; Romero-Arenas, Salvador ; Fernández-del-Olmo, Miguel ; Márquez, Gonzalo
creatorcontribAlix-Fages, Carlos ; García-Ramos, Amador ; Calderón-Nadal, Giancarlo ; Colomer-Poveda, David ; Romero-Arenas, Salvador ; Fernández-del-Olmo, Miguel ; Márquez, Gonzalo
descriptionPurpose This study aimed to explore the acute effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the force–velocity relationship, strength training volume, movement velocity, and ratings of perceived exertion. Methods Fourteen healthy men (age 22.8 ± 3.0 years) were randomly stimulated over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex with either ANODAL, CATHODAL or SHAM tDCS for 15 min at 2 mA. The one-repetition maximum (1RM) and force–velocity relationship parameters were evaluated during the bench press exercise before and after receiving the tDCS. Subsequently, participants completed a resistance training session consisting of sets of five repetitions with 1 min of inter-set rest against the 75%1RM until failure. Results No significant changes were observed in the 1RM or in the force–velocity relationship parameters ( p  ≥ 0.377). The number of repetitions was higher for the ANODAL compared to the CATHODAL ( p  = 0.025; ES = 0.37) and SHAM ( p  = 0.009; ES = 0.47) conditions. The reductions of movement velocity across sets were lower for the ANODAL than for the CATHODAL and SHAM condition ( p  = 0.014). RPE values were lower for the ANODAL compared to the CATHODAL ( p  = 0.119; ES = 0.33) and SHAM ( p  = 0.150; ES = 0.44) conditions. No significant differences between the CATHODAL and SHAM conditions were observed for any variable. Conclusion The application of ANODAL tDCS before a resistance training session increased training volume, enabled the maintenance of higher movement velocities, and reduced RPE values. These results suggest that tDCS could be an effective method to enhance resistance-training performance.
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subjectAdult ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Biomedicine ; Exercise Tolerance ; Human Physiology ; Humans ; Male ; Movement ; Muscle Contraction ; Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine ; Original Article ; Physical training ; Prefrontal cortex ; Prefrontal Cortex - physiology ; Resistance Training - methods ; Sports Medicine ; Sports training ; Strength training ; Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation - methods ; Velocity
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descriptionPurpose This study aimed to explore the acute effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the force–velocity relationship, strength training volume, movement velocity, and ratings of perceived exertion. Methods Fourteen healthy men (age 22.8 ± 3.0 years) were randomly stimulated over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex with either ANODAL, CATHODAL or SHAM tDCS for 15 min at 2 mA. The one-repetition maximum (1RM) and force–velocity relationship parameters were evaluated during the bench press exercise before and after receiving the tDCS. Subsequently, participants completed a resistance training session consisting of sets of five repetitions with 1 min of inter-set rest against the 75%1RM until failure. Results No significant changes were observed in the 1RM or in the force–velocity relationship parameters ( p  ≥ 0.377). The number of repetitions was higher for the ANODAL compared to the CATHODAL ( p  = 0.025; ES = 0.37) and SHAM ( p  = 0.009; ES = 0.47) conditions. The reductions of movement velocity across sets were lower for the ANODAL than for the CATHODAL and SHAM condition ( p  = 0.014). RPE values were lower for the ANODAL compared to the CATHODAL ( p  = 0.119; ES = 0.33) and SHAM ( p  = 0.150; ES = 0.44) conditions. No significant differences between the CATHODAL and SHAM conditions were observed for any variable. Conclusion The application of ANODAL tDCS before a resistance training session increased training volume, enabled the maintenance of higher movement velocities, and reduced RPE values. These results suggest that tDCS could be an effective method to enhance resistance-training performance.
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titleAnodal transcranial direct current stimulation enhances strength training volume but not the force–velocity profile
authorAlix-Fages, Carlos ; García-Ramos, Amador ; Calderón-Nadal, Giancarlo ; Colomer-Poveda, David ; Romero-Arenas, Salvador ; Fernández-del-Olmo, Miguel ; Márquez, Gonzalo
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issn1439-6319
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abstractPurpose This study aimed to explore the acute effect of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on the force–velocity relationship, strength training volume, movement velocity, and ratings of perceived exertion. Methods Fourteen healthy men (age 22.8 ± 3.0 years) were randomly stimulated over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex with either ANODAL, CATHODAL or SHAM tDCS for 15 min at 2 mA. The one-repetition maximum (1RM) and force–velocity relationship parameters were evaluated during the bench press exercise before and after receiving the tDCS. Subsequently, participants completed a resistance training session consisting of sets of five repetitions with 1 min of inter-set rest against the 75%1RM until failure. Results No significant changes were observed in the 1RM or in the force–velocity relationship parameters ( p  ≥ 0.377). The number of repetitions was higher for the ANODAL compared to the CATHODAL ( p  = 0.025; ES = 0.37) and SHAM ( p  = 0.009; ES = 0.47) conditions. The reductions of movement velocity across sets were lower for the ANODAL than for the CATHODAL and SHAM condition ( p  = 0.014). RPE values were lower for the ANODAL compared to the CATHODAL ( p  = 0.119; ES = 0.33) and SHAM ( p  = 0.150; ES = 0.44) conditions. No significant differences between the CATHODAL and SHAM conditions were observed for any variable. Conclusion The application of ANODAL tDCS before a resistance training session increased training volume, enabled the maintenance of higher movement velocities, and reduced RPE values. These results suggest that tDCS could be an effective method to enhance resistance-training performance.
copBerlin/Heidelberg
pubSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
pmid32533243
doi10.1007/s00421-020-04417-2
orcididhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-2305-5229