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Diagnosis and molecular typing of Enterocytozoon bieneusi: the significant role of domestic animals in transmission of human microsporidiosis

Enterocytozoon bieneusi is an obligate intracellular fungus-like parasite with high genetic diversity among mammalian and avian hosts. Based on polymorphism analysis of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS), nearly 500 genotypes were identified within E. bieneusi. Those genotypes form seve... Full description

Journal Title: Research in veterinary science 2020-12, Vol.133, p.251-261
Main Author: Li, Wei
Other Authors: Feng, Yaoyu , Xiao, Lihua
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: England: Elsevier Ltd
ID: ISSN: 0034-5288
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33035931
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title: Diagnosis and molecular typing of Enterocytozoon bieneusi: the significant role of domestic animals in transmission of human microsporidiosis
format: Article
creator:
  • Li, Wei
  • Feng, Yaoyu
  • Xiao, Lihua
subjects:
  • Analysis
  • Animals
  • Animals, Domestic - parasitology
  • Cell division
  • Diagnosis
  • Disease transmission
  • Distribution patterns
  • Domestic animals
  • Enterocytozoon - genetics
  • Enterocytozoon bieneusi
  • Epidemiology
  • Fungi
  • Gene polymorphism
  • Genetic diversity
  • Genetic markers
  • Genetic polymorphisms
  • Genotype
  • Genotypes
  • Goats
  • Host Specificity
  • Humans
  • Infections
  • Mammals
  • Microscopy
  • Microsporidiosis
  • Microsporidiosis - diagnosis
  • Microsporidiosis - transmission
  • Microsporidiosis - veterinary
  • Molecular typing
  • Molecular Typing - veterinary
  • Parasites
  • Phylogenetic analysis
  • Phylogenetics
  • Phylogeny
  • Polymorphism
  • Public Health
  • Sheep
  • Stains & staining
  • Swine
  • Zoonoses
  • Zoonoses - diagnosis
  • Zoonoses - transmission
  • Zoonotic importance
ispartof: Research in veterinary science, 2020-12, Vol.133, p.251-261
description: Enterocytozoon bieneusi is an obligate intracellular fungus-like parasite with high genetic diversity among mammalian and avian hosts. Based on polymorphism analysis of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS), nearly 500 genotypes were identified within E. bieneusi. Those genotypes form several genetic groups that exhibit phenotypic differences in host specificity and zoonotic potential and probably have varying public health implications. Some of the genotypes in Group 1 (e.g., D, EbpC, and Type IV) and Group 2 (e.g., BEB4, BEB6, I, and J) are the most common ones that infect a variety of hosts including humans and thus are of public health importance. By contrast, those genotypes in other genetic groups (Groups 3–11) are mostly restricted to the hosts from which they were originally isolated, which would have unknown or limited impacts on public health. Advances on diagnosis and molecular typing of E. bieneusi are introduced in this review. Genotype distribution pattern of E. bieneusi in major domestic animal groups (pigs, cattle, sheep, goats, cats, and dogs), the role of those animals in zoonotic transmission of microsporidiosis, and food and water as potential vehicles for transmission are interpreted here as well. This review highlights the importance of including more genetic or epidemiological data obtained in the same geographical areas and using more reliable genetic markers to analyze the actual extent of host specificity in E. bieneusi, for the purpose of fully appreciating zoonotic risks of those domestic animals in close contacts with men and enhancing our understanding of the modes of transmission. •Enterocytozoon bieneusi is commonly distributed in domestic animals worldwide.•E. bieneusi has a different genotype distribution pattern in various species of domestic animals.•The role of domestic animals in zoonotic transmission of E. bieneusi was assessed.•Host specificity and zoonotic potential of E. bieneusi vary among phylogenetic groups.•Additional genotyping data obtained from multiple hosts in the same areas are needed.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0034-5288
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0034-5288
  • 1532-2661
url: Link


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descriptionEnterocytozoon bieneusi is an obligate intracellular fungus-like parasite with high genetic diversity among mammalian and avian hosts. Based on polymorphism analysis of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS), nearly 500 genotypes were identified within E. bieneusi. Those genotypes form several genetic groups that exhibit phenotypic differences in host specificity and zoonotic potential and probably have varying public health implications. Some of the genotypes in Group 1 (e.g., D, EbpC, and Type IV) and Group 2 (e.g., BEB4, BEB6, I, and J) are the most common ones that infect a variety of hosts including humans and thus are of public health importance. By contrast, those genotypes in other genetic groups (Groups 3–11) are mostly restricted to the hosts from which they were originally isolated, which would have unknown or limited impacts on public health. Advances on diagnosis and molecular typing of E. bieneusi are introduced in this review. Genotype distribution pattern of E. bieneusi in major domestic animal groups (pigs, cattle, sheep, goats, cats, and dogs), the role of those animals in zoonotic transmission of microsporidiosis, and food and water as potential vehicles for transmission are interpreted here as well. This review highlights the importance of including more genetic or epidemiological data obtained in the same geographical areas and using more reliable genetic markers to analyze the actual extent of host specificity in E. bieneusi, for the purpose of fully appreciating zoonotic risks of those domestic animals in close contacts with men and enhancing our understanding of the modes of transmission. •Enterocytozoon bieneusi is commonly distributed in domestic animals worldwide.•E. bieneusi has a different genotype distribution pattern in various species of domestic animals.•The role of domestic animals in zoonotic transmission of E. bieneusi was assessed.•Host specificity and zoonotic potential of E. bieneusi vary among phylogenetic groups.•Additional genotyping data obtained from multiple hosts in the same areas are needed.
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subjectAnalysis ; Animals ; Animals, Domestic - parasitology ; Cell division ; Diagnosis ; Disease transmission ; Distribution patterns ; Domestic animals ; Enterocytozoon - genetics ; Enterocytozoon bieneusi ; Epidemiology ; Fungi ; Gene polymorphism ; Genetic diversity ; Genetic markers ; Genetic polymorphisms ; Genotype ; Genotypes ; Goats ; Host Specificity ; Humans ; Infections ; Mammals ; Microscopy ; Microsporidiosis ; Microsporidiosis - diagnosis ; Microsporidiosis - transmission ; Microsporidiosis - veterinary ; Molecular typing ; Molecular Typing - veterinary ; Parasites ; Phylogenetic analysis ; Phylogenetics ; Phylogeny ; Polymorphism ; Public Health ; Sheep ; Stains & staining ; Swine ; Zoonoses ; Zoonoses - diagnosis ; Zoonoses - transmission ; Zoonotic importance
ispartofResearch in veterinary science, 2020-12, Vol.133, p.251-261
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descriptionEnterocytozoon bieneusi is an obligate intracellular fungus-like parasite with high genetic diversity among mammalian and avian hosts. Based on polymorphism analysis of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS), nearly 500 genotypes were identified within E. bieneusi. Those genotypes form several genetic groups that exhibit phenotypic differences in host specificity and zoonotic potential and probably have varying public health implications. Some of the genotypes in Group 1 (e.g., D, EbpC, and Type IV) and Group 2 (e.g., BEB4, BEB6, I, and J) are the most common ones that infect a variety of hosts including humans and thus are of public health importance. By contrast, those genotypes in other genetic groups (Groups 3–11) are mostly restricted to the hosts from which they were originally isolated, which would have unknown or limited impacts on public health. Advances on diagnosis and molecular typing of E. bieneusi are introduced in this review. Genotype distribution pattern of E. bieneusi in major domestic animal groups (pigs, cattle, sheep, goats, cats, and dogs), the role of those animals in zoonotic transmission of microsporidiosis, and food and water as potential vehicles for transmission are interpreted here as well. This review highlights the importance of including more genetic or epidemiological data obtained in the same geographical areas and using more reliable genetic markers to analyze the actual extent of host specificity in E. bieneusi, for the purpose of fully appreciating zoonotic risks of those domestic animals in close contacts with men and enhancing our understanding of the modes of transmission. •Enterocytozoon bieneusi is commonly distributed in domestic animals worldwide.•E. bieneusi has a different genotype distribution pattern in various species of domestic animals.•The role of domestic animals in zoonotic transmission of E. bieneusi was assessed.•Host specificity and zoonotic potential of E. bieneusi vary among phylogenetic groups.•Additional genotyping data obtained from multiple hosts in the same areas are needed.
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12Gene polymorphism
13Genetic diversity
14Genetic markers
15Genetic polymorphisms
16Genotype
17Genotypes
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19Host Specificity
20Humans
21Infections
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23Microscopy
24Microsporidiosis
25Microsporidiosis - diagnosis
26Microsporidiosis - transmission
27Microsporidiosis - veterinary
28Molecular typing
29Molecular Typing - veterinary
30Parasites
31Phylogenetic analysis
32Phylogenetics
33Phylogeny
34Polymorphism
35Public Health
36Sheep
37Stains & staining
38Swine
39Zoonoses
40Zoonoses - diagnosis
41Zoonoses - transmission
42Zoonotic importance
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abstractEnterocytozoon bieneusi is an obligate intracellular fungus-like parasite with high genetic diversity among mammalian and avian hosts. Based on polymorphism analysis of the ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS), nearly 500 genotypes were identified within E. bieneusi. Those genotypes form several genetic groups that exhibit phenotypic differences in host specificity and zoonotic potential and probably have varying public health implications. Some of the genotypes in Group 1 (e.g., D, EbpC, and Type IV) and Group 2 (e.g., BEB4, BEB6, I, and J) are the most common ones that infect a variety of hosts including humans and thus are of public health importance. By contrast, those genotypes in other genetic groups (Groups 3–11) are mostly restricted to the hosts from which they were originally isolated, which would have unknown or limited impacts on public health. Advances on diagnosis and molecular typing of E. bieneusi are introduced in this review. Genotype distribution pattern of E. bieneusi in major domestic animal groups (pigs, cattle, sheep, goats, cats, and dogs), the role of those animals in zoonotic transmission of microsporidiosis, and food and water as potential vehicles for transmission are interpreted here as well. This review highlights the importance of including more genetic or epidemiological data obtained in the same geographical areas and using more reliable genetic markers to analyze the actual extent of host specificity in E. bieneusi, for the purpose of fully appreciating zoonotic risks of those domestic animals in close contacts with men and enhancing our understanding of the modes of transmission. •Enterocytozoon bieneusi is commonly distributed in domestic animals worldwide.•E. bieneusi has a different genotype distribution pattern in various species of domestic animals.•The role of domestic animals in zoonotic transmission of E. bieneusi was assessed.•Host specificity and zoonotic potential of E. bieneusi vary among phylogenetic groups.•Additional genotyping data obtained from multiple hosts in the same areas are needed.
copEngland
pubElsevier Ltd
pmid33035931
doi10.1016/j.rvsc.2020.09.030