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The risk of ischemic stroke in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Objective Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are a group of chronic rheumatic diseases that can affect multiple systems; the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with IIM remains controversial. We aimed to systematically evaluate the risk of ischemic stroke in IIMs. Methods The PubMed, Embase,... Full description

Journal Title: Clinical rheumatology 2021-05-01, Vol.40 (10), p.4101-4108
Main Author: Zhen, Chao
Other Authors: Wang, Yabo , Wang, Haifeng , Wang, Xin
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Cham: Springer International Publishing
ID: ISSN: 0770-3198
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33934269
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title: The risk of ischemic stroke in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies: a systematic review and meta-analysis
format: Article
creator:
  • Zhen, Chao
  • Wang, Yabo
  • Wang, Haifeng
  • Wang, Xin
subjects:
  • Care and treatment
  • Dermatomyositis
  • Diuretics
  • Inflammation
  • Ischemia
  • Medicine
  • Medicine & Public Health
  • Original Article
  • Rheumatology
  • Risk factors
  • Sensitivity analysis
  • Stroke
  • Stroke (Disease)
  • Stroke patients
ispartof: Clinical rheumatology, 2021-05-01, Vol.40 (10), p.4101-4108
description: Objective Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are a group of chronic rheumatic diseases that can affect multiple systems; the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with IIM remains controversial. We aimed to systematically evaluate the risk of ischemic stroke in IIMs. Methods The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library were searched for relevant studies. Pooled relative risk (RR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated as effect size to evaluate the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with IIM. Random effects model was chosen when I 2  > 50%. We pooled all studies in a first total analysis to assess the risk of ischemic stroke in IIM. Subgroup analyses were conducted based on the subtypes of IIM (dermatomyositis) and country. Sensitivity analysis was performed to identify the heterogeneity sources. Results A total of 6 studies with 5,114 IIM cases and 14,516,099 controls were included, and the results demonstrated that IIMs were associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke (RR = 2.41, 95% CI: 1.31, 4.45). Subgroup analysis indicated that patients with dermatomyositis (DM) had a 49% excess risk of ischemic stroke than controls; Asian patients with IIM had an increased risk of ischemic stroke, although not for American patients. Conclusion IIMs, especially patients with DM, are associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke. Appropriate intervention may be taken into account for patients with IIM, especially when accompanied by other traditional risk factors of ischemic stroke. Key Points • This study evaluated the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with IIMs. • Generally, IIMs are associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke. • Patients with DM had a 49% excess risk of ischemic stroke than controls. • Subgroup analysis showed that Asian patients with IIMs were at increased risk of ischemic stroke, but not Americans.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0770-3198
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0770-3198
  • 1434-9949
url: Link


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descriptionObjective Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are a group of chronic rheumatic diseases that can affect multiple systems; the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with IIM remains controversial. We aimed to systematically evaluate the risk of ischemic stroke in IIMs. Methods The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library were searched for relevant studies. Pooled relative risk (RR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated as effect size to evaluate the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with IIM. Random effects model was chosen when I 2  > 50%. We pooled all studies in a first total analysis to assess the risk of ischemic stroke in IIM. Subgroup analyses were conducted based on the subtypes of IIM (dermatomyositis) and country. Sensitivity analysis was performed to identify the heterogeneity sources. Results A total of 6 studies with 5,114 IIM cases and 14,516,099 controls were included, and the results demonstrated that IIMs were associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke (RR = 2.41, 95% CI: 1.31, 4.45). Subgroup analysis indicated that patients with dermatomyositis (DM) had a 49% excess risk of ischemic stroke than controls; Asian patients with IIM had an increased risk of ischemic stroke, although not for American patients. Conclusion IIMs, especially patients with DM, are associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke. Appropriate intervention may be taken into account for patients with IIM, especially when accompanied by other traditional risk factors of ischemic stroke. Key Points • This study evaluated the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with IIMs. • Generally, IIMs are associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke. • Patients with DM had a 49% excess risk of ischemic stroke than controls. • Subgroup analysis showed that Asian patients with IIMs were at increased risk of ischemic stroke, but not Americans.
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subjectCare and treatment ; Dermatomyositis ; Diuretics ; Inflammation ; Ischemia ; Medicine ; Medicine & Public Health ; Original Article ; Rheumatology ; Risk factors ; Sensitivity analysis ; Stroke ; Stroke (Disease) ; Stroke patients
ispartofClinical rheumatology, 2021-05-01, Vol.40 (10), p.4101-4108
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descriptionObjective Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are a group of chronic rheumatic diseases that can affect multiple systems; the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with IIM remains controversial. We aimed to systematically evaluate the risk of ischemic stroke in IIMs. Methods The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library were searched for relevant studies. Pooled relative risk (RR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated as effect size to evaluate the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with IIM. Random effects model was chosen when I 2  > 50%. We pooled all studies in a first total analysis to assess the risk of ischemic stroke in IIM. Subgroup analyses were conducted based on the subtypes of IIM (dermatomyositis) and country. Sensitivity analysis was performed to identify the heterogeneity sources. Results A total of 6 studies with 5,114 IIM cases and 14,516,099 controls were included, and the results demonstrated that IIMs were associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke (RR = 2.41, 95% CI: 1.31, 4.45). Subgroup analysis indicated that patients with dermatomyositis (DM) had a 49% excess risk of ischemic stroke than controls; Asian patients with IIM had an increased risk of ischemic stroke, although not for American patients. Conclusion IIMs, especially patients with DM, are associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke. Appropriate intervention may be taken into account for patients with IIM, especially when accompanied by other traditional risk factors of ischemic stroke. Key Points • This study evaluated the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with IIMs. • Generally, IIMs are associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke. • Patients with DM had a 49% excess risk of ischemic stroke than controls. • Subgroup analysis showed that Asian patients with IIMs were at increased risk of ischemic stroke, but not Americans.
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abstractObjective Idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) are a group of chronic rheumatic diseases that can affect multiple systems; the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with IIM remains controversial. We aimed to systematically evaluate the risk of ischemic stroke in IIMs. Methods The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane library were searched for relevant studies. Pooled relative risk (RR) with a 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated as effect size to evaluate the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with IIM. Random effects model was chosen when I 2  > 50%. We pooled all studies in a first total analysis to assess the risk of ischemic stroke in IIM. Subgroup analyses were conducted based on the subtypes of IIM (dermatomyositis) and country. Sensitivity analysis was performed to identify the heterogeneity sources. Results A total of 6 studies with 5,114 IIM cases and 14,516,099 controls were included, and the results demonstrated that IIMs were associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke (RR = 2.41, 95% CI: 1.31, 4.45). Subgroup analysis indicated that patients with dermatomyositis (DM) had a 49% excess risk of ischemic stroke than controls; Asian patients with IIM had an increased risk of ischemic stroke, although not for American patients. Conclusion IIMs, especially patients with DM, are associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke. Appropriate intervention may be taken into account for patients with IIM, especially when accompanied by other traditional risk factors of ischemic stroke. Key Points • This study evaluated the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with IIMs. • Generally, IIMs are associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke. • Patients with DM had a 49% excess risk of ischemic stroke than controls. • Subgroup analysis showed that Asian patients with IIMs were at increased risk of ischemic stroke, but not Americans.
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