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The Role of Purpose in Life in the Relationship Between Widowhood and Cognitive Decline Among Older Adults in the U.S

•What is the primary question addressed by this study?We examined the role of purpose in life in the relationship between widowhood and cognitive decline in a representative sample of older adults in the U.S.•What is the main finding of this study?Higher purpose in life buffers against the detriment... Full description

Journal Title: The American journal of geriatric psychiatry 2022-03, Vol.30 (3), p.383-391
Main Author: Shin, Su Hyun
Other Authors: Behrens, Emily A , Parmelee, Patricia A , Kim, Giyeon
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: England: Elsevier Inc
ID: ISSN: 1064-7481
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34417084
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title: The Role of Purpose in Life in the Relationship Between Widowhood and Cognitive Decline Among Older Adults in the U.S
format: Article
creator:
  • Shin, Su Hyun
  • Behrens, Emily A
  • Parmelee, Patricia A
  • Kim, Giyeon
subjects:
  • Aged
  • Cognition
  • Cognition & reasoning
  • Cognitive ability
  • cognitive decline
  • Cognitive Dysfunction - epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Mental health
  • older adults
  • Older people
  • Polls & surveys
  • Purpose in life
  • Retirement
  • Widowhood
ispartof: The American journal of geriatric psychiatry, 2022-03, Vol.30 (3), p.383-391
description: •What is the primary question addressed by this study?We examined the role of purpose in life in the relationship between widowhood and cognitive decline in a representative sample of older adults in the U.S.•What is the main finding of this study?Higher purpose in life buffers against the detrimental effects of widowhood on cognitive functioning of older adults.•What is the meaning of the finding?Educational programs improving purpose in life would help reduce the adverse effect of widowhood on cognitive functioning in later life. The objective of this study was to examine the role of purpose in life in the relationship between widowhood and cognitive decline. This study used a sample of 12,856 respondents (20,408 observations) collected from a national panel survey, the 2006-2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), that sampled older adults aged 50 or older. The study estimated growth-curve models with years since spousal death, purpose in life, and interaction between the two to predict cognition using three measures—total cognition, fluid, and crystallized intelligence scores. We also estimated growth-curve models by sex, race/ethnicity, and education. While years since spousal death negatively correlated with cognition, purpose in life positively correlated with cognition. Furthermore, purpose in life had a moderating effect on the relationship between years since spousal death and cognition. This effect was found by using total cognition (coef. = 0.0515; z = 2.64; p < 0.01) and fluid intelligence scores (coef. = 0.0576; z = 3.23; p < 0.05). The same effects were salient among females (coef. = 0.0556; z = 2.19; p < 0.05), Whites (coef. = 0.0526; z = 2.52; p < 0.05), and older adults with more education (coef. = 0.0635; z = 2.10; p < 0.05). Higher purpose in life relates to the negative correlations between widowhood and cognition of older adults. Educational programs improving purpose in life are a possible avenue for reducing the adverse effect of widowhood on cognition and warrant future exploration.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 1064-7481
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 1064-7481
  • 1545-7214
url: Link


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description•What is the primary question addressed by this study?We examined the role of purpose in life in the relationship between widowhood and cognitive decline in a representative sample of older adults in the U.S.•What is the main finding of this study?Higher purpose in life buffers against the detrimental effects of widowhood on cognitive functioning of older adults.•What is the meaning of the finding?Educational programs improving purpose in life would help reduce the adverse effect of widowhood on cognitive functioning in later life. The objective of this study was to examine the role of purpose in life in the relationship between widowhood and cognitive decline. This study used a sample of 12,856 respondents (20,408 observations) collected from a national panel survey, the 2006-2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), that sampled older adults aged 50 or older. The study estimated growth-curve models with years since spousal death, purpose in life, and interaction between the two to predict cognition using three measures—total cognition, fluid, and crystallized intelligence scores. We also estimated growth-curve models by sex, race/ethnicity, and education. While years since spousal death negatively correlated with cognition, purpose in life positively correlated with cognition. Furthermore, purpose in life had a moderating effect on the relationship between years since spousal death and cognition. This effect was found by using total cognition (coef. = 0.0515; z = 2.64; p < 0.01) and fluid intelligence scores (coef. = 0.0576; z = 3.23; p < 0.05). The same effects were salient among females (coef. = 0.0556; z = 2.19; p < 0.05), Whites (coef. = 0.0526; z = 2.52; p < 0.05), and older adults with more education (coef. = 0.0635; z = 2.10; p < 0.05). Higher purpose in life relates to the negative correlations between widowhood and cognition of older adults. Educational programs improving purpose in life are a possible avenue for reducing the adverse effect of widowhood on cognition and warrant future exploration.
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description•What is the primary question addressed by this study?We examined the role of purpose in life in the relationship between widowhood and cognitive decline in a representative sample of older adults in the U.S.•What is the main finding of this study?Higher purpose in life buffers against the detrimental effects of widowhood on cognitive functioning of older adults.•What is the meaning of the finding?Educational programs improving purpose in life would help reduce the adverse effect of widowhood on cognitive functioning in later life. The objective of this study was to examine the role of purpose in life in the relationship between widowhood and cognitive decline. This study used a sample of 12,856 respondents (20,408 observations) collected from a national panel survey, the 2006-2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), that sampled older adults aged 50 or older. The study estimated growth-curve models with years since spousal death, purpose in life, and interaction between the two to predict cognition using three measures—total cognition, fluid, and crystallized intelligence scores. We also estimated growth-curve models by sex, race/ethnicity, and education. While years since spousal death negatively correlated with cognition, purpose in life positively correlated with cognition. Furthermore, purpose in life had a moderating effect on the relationship between years since spousal death and cognition. This effect was found by using total cognition (coef. = 0.0515; z = 2.64; p < 0.01) and fluid intelligence scores (coef. = 0.0576; z = 3.23; p < 0.05). The same effects were salient among females (coef. = 0.0556; z = 2.19; p < 0.05), Whites (coef. = 0.0526; z = 2.52; p < 0.05), and older adults with more education (coef. = 0.0635; z = 2.10; p < 0.05). Higher purpose in life relates to the negative correlations between widowhood and cognition of older adults. Educational programs improving purpose in life are a possible avenue for reducing the adverse effect of widowhood on cognition and warrant future exploration.
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abstract•What is the primary question addressed by this study?We examined the role of purpose in life in the relationship between widowhood and cognitive decline in a representative sample of older adults in the U.S.•What is the main finding of this study?Higher purpose in life buffers against the detrimental effects of widowhood on cognitive functioning of older adults.•What is the meaning of the finding?Educational programs improving purpose in life would help reduce the adverse effect of widowhood on cognitive functioning in later life. The objective of this study was to examine the role of purpose in life in the relationship between widowhood and cognitive decline. This study used a sample of 12,856 respondents (20,408 observations) collected from a national panel survey, the 2006-2014 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), that sampled older adults aged 50 or older. The study estimated growth-curve models with years since spousal death, purpose in life, and interaction between the two to predict cognition using three measures—total cognition, fluid, and crystallized intelligence scores. We also estimated growth-curve models by sex, race/ethnicity, and education. While years since spousal death negatively correlated with cognition, purpose in life positively correlated with cognition. Furthermore, purpose in life had a moderating effect on the relationship between years since spousal death and cognition. This effect was found by using total cognition (coef. = 0.0515; z = 2.64; p < 0.01) and fluid intelligence scores (coef. = 0.0576; z = 3.23; p < 0.05). The same effects were salient among females (coef. = 0.0556; z = 2.19; p < 0.05), Whites (coef. = 0.0526; z = 2.52; p < 0.05), and older adults with more education (coef. = 0.0635; z = 2.10; p < 0.05). Higher purpose in life relates to the negative correlations between widowhood and cognition of older adults. Educational programs improving purpose in life are a possible avenue for reducing the adverse effect of widowhood on cognition and warrant future exploration.
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