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Inequality in Earnings at the Close of the Twentieth Century

Median income in the United States has fallen and the distribution of income has grown markedly more unequal over the past three decades, reversing a general pattern of earnings growth and equalization dating back to 1929. Median trends were not the same for all groups-women's earnings generally inc... Full description

Journal Title: Annual review of sociology 1999, Vol.25 (1), p.623-657
Main Author: MORRIS, M
Other Authors: WESTERN, B
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Men
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews Inc
ID: ISSN: 0360-0572
Link: http://pascal-francis.inist.fr/vibad/index.php?action=getRecordDetail&idt=1547720
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title: Inequality in Earnings at the Close of the Twentieth Century
format: Article
creator:
  • MORRIS, M
  • WESTERN, B
subjects:
  • 20th century
  • Classes, stratification, mobility
  • Debates
  • Earnings trends
  • Economic aspects
  • Economic growth
  • Economic trends
  • Employment
  • Employment Changes
  • Equality
  • Globalization
  • Income
  • Income Distribution
  • Income Inequality
  • Inequality
  • International economic relations
  • Labor force
  • Labor Market Segmentation
  • Labor markets
  • Labor Supply
  • Manufacturing industries
  • Men
  • Methodological Problems
  • Service industries
  • Social aspects
  • Social change
  • Social organization. Social system. Social structure
  • Social Stratification
  • Sociological Research
  • Sociology
  • Stagnation
  • Supply and Demand
  • Trade
  • United States
  • United States of America
  • Wages
  • Wages & salaries
  • Women
  • Workers
  • Workforce
ispartof: Annual review of sociology, 1999, Vol.25 (1), p.623-657
description: Median income in the United States has fallen and the distribution of income has grown markedly more unequal over the past three decades, reversing a general pattern of earnings growth and equalization dating back to 1929. Median trends were not the same for all groups-women's earnings generally increased-but the growth in earnings inequality has been experienced by all groups. Even white men employed full-time, year-round-traditionally the most privileged and secure group-could not escape wage stagnation and polarization. These patterns suggest research questions that go beyond conventional sociological interest in racial and gender wage gaps, refocusing attention on more general changes in labor market dynamics. The debates over the origins of the rise in US inequality cover a wide range of issues that can be roughly grouped into four categories: the changing demographics of the labor force, the impact of economic restructuring, the role of political context and institutions, and the dynamics of globalization. We review the empirical literature here, and challenge the field of sociology to reconstruct its research agenda on stratification and inequality.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0360-0572
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0360-0572
  • 1545-2115
url: Link


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descriptionMedian income in the United States has fallen and the distribution of income has grown markedly more unequal over the past three decades, reversing a general pattern of earnings growth and equalization dating back to 1929. Median trends were not the same for all groups-women's earnings generally increased-but the growth in earnings inequality has been experienced by all groups. Even white men employed full-time, year-round-traditionally the most privileged and secure group-could not escape wage stagnation and polarization. These patterns suggest research questions that go beyond conventional sociological interest in racial and gender wage gaps, refocusing attention on more general changes in labor market dynamics. The debates over the origins of the rise in US inequality cover a wide range of issues that can be roughly grouped into four categories: the changing demographics of the labor force, the impact of economic restructuring, the role of political context and institutions, and the dynamics of globalization. We review the empirical literature here, and challenge the field of sociology to reconstruct its research agenda on stratification and inequality.
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subject20th century ; Classes, stratification, mobility ; Debates ; Earnings trends ; Economic aspects ; Economic growth ; Economic trends ; Employment ; Employment Changes ; Equality ; Globalization ; Income ; Income Distribution ; Income Inequality ; Inequality ; International economic relations ; Labor force ; Labor Market Segmentation ; Labor markets ; Labor Supply ; Manufacturing industries ; Men ; Methodological Problems ; Service industries ; Social aspects ; Social change ; Social organization. Social system. Social structure ; Social Stratification ; Sociological Research ; Sociology ; Stagnation ; Supply and Demand ; Trade ; United States ; United States of America ; Wages ; Wages & salaries ; Women ; Workers ; Workforce
ispartofAnnual review of sociology, 1999, Vol.25 (1), p.623-657
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20Manufacturing industries
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23Service industries
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37Women
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authorMORRIS, M ; WESTERN, B
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abstractMedian income in the United States has fallen and the distribution of income has grown markedly more unequal over the past three decades, reversing a general pattern of earnings growth and equalization dating back to 1929. Median trends were not the same for all groups-women's earnings generally increased-but the growth in earnings inequality has been experienced by all groups. Even white men employed full-time, year-round-traditionally the most privileged and secure group-could not escape wage stagnation and polarization. These patterns suggest research questions that go beyond conventional sociological interest in racial and gender wage gaps, refocusing attention on more general changes in labor market dynamics. The debates over the origins of the rise in US inequality cover a wide range of issues that can be roughly grouped into four categories: the changing demographics of the labor force, the impact of economic restructuring, the role of political context and institutions, and the dynamics of globalization. We review the empirical literature here, and challenge the field of sociology to reconstruct its research agenda on stratification and inequality.
copPalo Alto, CA
pubAnnual Reviews Inc
doi10.1146/annurev.soc.25.1.623