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A Comparison of Morphological and Chemical Fruit Traits between Two Sites with Different Frugivore Assemblages

Large-scale comparisons might reveal matching between fruit traits and frugivore assemblages that might be cryptic on a local scale. Therefore, we compared morphological (colour, size, husk thickness) and chemical fruit traits (protein, nitrogen, sugar, lipid, tannin and fibre content) between Malag... Full description

Journal Title: Oecologia 2004, Vol.141 (1), p.94-104
Main Author: VOIGT, F. A
Other Authors: BLEHER, B , FIETZ, J , GANZHORN, J. U , SCHWAB, D , BÖHNING-GAESE, K
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Berlin: Springer-Verlag
ID: ISSN: 0029-8549
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_66828770
title: A Comparison of Morphological and Chemical Fruit Traits between Two Sites with Different Frugivore Assemblages
format: Article
creator:
  • VOIGT, F. A
  • BLEHER, B
  • FIETZ, J
  • GANZHORN, J. U
  • SCHWAB, D
  • BÖHNING-GAESE, K
subjects:
  • Animal and plant ecology
  • Animal morphology
  • Animal, plant and microbial ecology
  • Animals
  • Aves
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Biological taxonomies
  • Birds
  • Birds - physiology
  • Carbohydrates - analysis
  • Ecosystem
  • Feeding Behavior - physiology
  • Forest ecology
  • Fruit - anatomy & histology
  • Fruit - chemistry
  • Fruit - physiology
  • Fruits
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • Lemur - physiology
  • Lipids - analysis
  • Madagascar
  • Mammalia
  • Nitrogen - analysis
  • Phylogenetics
  • Phylogeny
  • Pigmentation - physiology
  • Plant Animal Interactions
  • Plant morphology
  • Plant Proteins - analysis
  • Primates
  • Seed dispersal
  • South Africa
  • Species Specificity
  • Synecology
  • Tannins - analysis
  • Terrestrial ecosystems
  • Trees
ispartof: Oecologia, 2004, Vol.141 (1), p.94-104
description: Large-scale comparisons might reveal matching between fruit traits and frugivore assemblages that might be cryptic on a local scale. Therefore, we compared morphological (colour, size, husk thickness) and chemical fruit traits (protein, nitrogen, sugar, lipid, tannin and fibre content) between Malagasy and South African tree communities with different frugivore communities. In Madagascar, where lemurs are important seed dispersers, we found more tree species with fruit colour classified as "primate fruits". In contrast, in South Africa we found more tree species with fruits classified as "bird coloured". This correlated with the greater importance of frugivorous birds in South Africa vs. Madagascar. Additionally, we found higher sugar concentrations in fruits from the South African tree community and higher fibre content in fruits from the Malagasy tree community. However, fibre content could be related to differences in abiotic conditions between the two study sites. This suggests that fruit colour more than other morphological and chemical fruit traits, reflects food selection by the different frugivore assemblages of those two sites.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0029-8549
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0029-8549
  • 1432-1939
url: Link


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titleA Comparison of Morphological and Chemical Fruit Traits between Two Sites with Different Frugivore Assemblages
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descriptionLarge-scale comparisons might reveal matching between fruit traits and frugivore assemblages that might be cryptic on a local scale. Therefore, we compared morphological (colour, size, husk thickness) and chemical fruit traits (protein, nitrogen, sugar, lipid, tannin and fibre content) between Malagasy and South African tree communities with different frugivore communities. In Madagascar, where lemurs are important seed dispersers, we found more tree species with fruit colour classified as "primate fruits". In contrast, in South Africa we found more tree species with fruits classified as "bird coloured". This correlated with the greater importance of frugivorous birds in South Africa vs. Madagascar. Additionally, we found higher sugar concentrations in fruits from the South African tree community and higher fibre content in fruits from the Malagasy tree community. However, fibre content could be related to differences in abiotic conditions between the two study sites. This suggests that fruit colour more than other morphological and chemical fruit traits, reflects food selection by the different frugivore assemblages of those two sites.
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subjectAnimal and plant ecology ; Animal morphology ; Animal, plant and microbial ecology ; Animals ; Aves ; Biological and medical sciences ; Biological taxonomies ; Birds ; Birds - physiology ; Carbohydrates - analysis ; Ecosystem ; Feeding Behavior - physiology ; Forest ecology ; Fruit - anatomy & histology ; Fruit - chemistry ; Fruit - physiology ; Fruits ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; Lemur - physiology ; Lipids - analysis ; Madagascar ; Mammalia ; Nitrogen - analysis ; Phylogenetics ; Phylogeny ; Pigmentation - physiology ; Plant Animal Interactions ; Plant morphology ; Plant Proteins - analysis ; Primates ; Seed dispersal ; South Africa ; Species Specificity ; Synecology ; Tannins - analysis ; Terrestrial ecosystems ; Trees
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descriptionLarge-scale comparisons might reveal matching between fruit traits and frugivore assemblages that might be cryptic on a local scale. Therefore, we compared morphological (colour, size, husk thickness) and chemical fruit traits (protein, nitrogen, sugar, lipid, tannin and fibre content) between Malagasy and South African tree communities with different frugivore communities. In Madagascar, where lemurs are important seed dispersers, we found more tree species with fruit colour classified as "primate fruits". In contrast, in South Africa we found more tree species with fruits classified as "bird coloured". This correlated with the greater importance of frugivorous birds in South Africa vs. Madagascar. Additionally, we found higher sugar concentrations in fruits from the South African tree community and higher fibre content in fruits from the Malagasy tree community. However, fibre content could be related to differences in abiotic conditions between the two study sites. This suggests that fruit colour more than other morphological and chemical fruit traits, reflects food selection by the different frugivore assemblages of those two sites.
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5Biological and medical sciences
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9Carbohydrates - analysis
10Ecosystem
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12Forest ecology
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17Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
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19Lipids - analysis
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21Mammalia
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23Phylogenetics
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25Pigmentation - physiology
26Plant Animal Interactions
27Plant morphology
28Plant Proteins - analysis
29Primates
30Seed dispersal
31South Africa
32Species Specificity
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34Tannins - analysis
35Terrestrial ecosystems
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titleA Comparison of Morphological and Chemical Fruit Traits between Two Sites with Different Frugivore Assemblages
authorVOIGT, F. A ; BLEHER, B ; FIETZ, J ; GANZHORN, J. U ; SCHWAB, D ; BÖHNING-GAESE, K
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29Primates
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abstractLarge-scale comparisons might reveal matching between fruit traits and frugivore assemblages that might be cryptic on a local scale. Therefore, we compared morphological (colour, size, husk thickness) and chemical fruit traits (protein, nitrogen, sugar, lipid, tannin and fibre content) between Malagasy and South African tree communities with different frugivore communities. In Madagascar, where lemurs are important seed dispersers, we found more tree species with fruit colour classified as "primate fruits". In contrast, in South Africa we found more tree species with fruits classified as "bird coloured". This correlated with the greater importance of frugivorous birds in South Africa vs. Madagascar. Additionally, we found higher sugar concentrations in fruits from the South African tree community and higher fibre content in fruits from the Malagasy tree community. However, fibre content could be related to differences in abiotic conditions between the two study sites. This suggests that fruit colour more than other morphological and chemical fruit traits, reflects food selection by the different frugivore assemblages of those two sites.
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