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A new small-bodied hominin from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia

Currently, it is widely accepted that only one hominin genus, Homo, was present in Pleistocene Asia, represented by two species, Homo erectus and Homo sapiens. Both species are characterized by greater brain size, increased body height and smaller teeth relative to Pliocene Australopithecus in Afric... Full description

Journal Title: Nature 2004-10-28, Vol.431 (7012), p.1055-1061
Main Author: Brown, P
Other Authors: Sutikna, T , Morwood, M. J , Soejono, R. P , Jatmiko , Wayhu Saptomo, E , Awe Due, Rokus
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: London: Nature Publishing
ID: ISSN: 0028-0836
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title: A new small-bodied hominin from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia
format: Article
creator:
  • Brown, P
  • Sutikna, T
  • Morwood, M. J
  • Soejono, R. P
  • Jatmiko
  • Wayhu Saptomo, E
  • Awe Due, Rokus
subjects:
  • Adult
  • Animals
  • Biological Evolution
  • Body Constitution
  • Bone and Bones - anatomy & histology
  • Earth sciences
  • Earth, ocean, space
  • Exact sciences and technology
  • Female
  • Geography
  • History, Ancient
  • Hominidae - anatomy & histology
  • Hominidae - classification
  • Humans
  • Indonesia
  • Paleontology
  • Skeleton
  • Skull - anatomy & histology
  • Time Factors
  • Tooth - anatomy & histology
  • Vertebrate paleontology
ispartof: Nature, 2004-10-28, Vol.431 (7012), p.1055-1061
description: Currently, it is widely accepted that only one hominin genus, Homo, was present in Pleistocene Asia, represented by two species, Homo erectus and Homo sapiens. Both species are characterized by greater brain size, increased body height and smaller teeth relative to Pliocene Australopithecus in Africa. Here we report the discovery, from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia, of an adult hominin with stature and endocranial volume approximating 1 m and 380 cm3, respectively--equal to the smallest-known australopithecines. The combination of primitive and derived features assigns this hominin to a new species, Homo floresiensis. The most likely explanation for its existence on Flores is long-term isolation, with subsequent endemic dwarfing, of an ancestral H. erectus population. Importantly, H. floresiensis shows that the genus Homo is morphologically more varied and flexible in its adaptive responses than previously thought.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0028-0836
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0028-0836
  • 1476-4687
url: Link


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descriptionCurrently, it is widely accepted that only one hominin genus, Homo, was present in Pleistocene Asia, represented by two species, Homo erectus and Homo sapiens. Both species are characterized by greater brain size, increased body height and smaller teeth relative to Pliocene Australopithecus in Africa. Here we report the discovery, from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia, of an adult hominin with stature and endocranial volume approximating 1 m and 380 cm3, respectively--equal to the smallest-known australopithecines. The combination of primitive and derived features assigns this hominin to a new species, Homo floresiensis. The most likely explanation for its existence on Flores is long-term isolation, with subsequent endemic dwarfing, of an ancestral H. erectus population. Importantly, H. floresiensis shows that the genus Homo is morphologically more varied and flexible in its adaptive responses than previously thought.
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subjectAdult ; Animals ; Biological Evolution ; Body Constitution ; Bone and Bones - anatomy & histology ; Earth sciences ; Earth, ocean, space ; Exact sciences and technology ; Female ; Geography ; History, Ancient ; Hominidae - anatomy & histology ; Hominidae - classification ; Humans ; Indonesia ; Paleontology ; Skeleton ; Skull - anatomy & histology ; Time Factors ; Tooth - anatomy & histology ; Vertebrate paleontology
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abstractCurrently, it is widely accepted that only one hominin genus, Homo, was present in Pleistocene Asia, represented by two species, Homo erectus and Homo sapiens. Both species are characterized by greater brain size, increased body height and smaller teeth relative to Pliocene Australopithecus in Africa. Here we report the discovery, from the Late Pleistocene of Flores, Indonesia, of an adult hominin with stature and endocranial volume approximating 1 m and 380 cm3, respectively--equal to the smallest-known australopithecines. The combination of primitive and derived features assigns this hominin to a new species, Homo floresiensis. The most likely explanation for its existence on Flores is long-term isolation, with subsequent endemic dwarfing, of an ancestral H. erectus population. Importantly, H. floresiensis shows that the genus Homo is morphologically more varied and flexible in its adaptive responses than previously thought.
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