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Perceived social support among adults seeking care for acute respiratory tract infections in US EDs

Abstract Emergency departments (EDs) provide a disproportionate amount of care to disenfranchised and vulnerable populations. We examined social support levels among a diverse population of adults seeking ED care for acute respiratory tract infections. A convenience sample of adults seeking care in... Full description

Journal Title: The American journal of emergency medicine 2009, Vol.27 (5), p.582-587
Main Author: Levin, Sara K., BA
Other Authors: Metlay, Joshua P., MD, PhD , Maselli, Judith H., MSPH , Kersey, Ayanna S., MSPH , Camargo, Carlos A., MD, DrPH , Gonzales, Ralph, MD, MSPH
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: United States: Elsevier Inc
ID: ISSN: 0735-6757
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19497465
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_67326075
title: Perceived social support among adults seeking care for acute respiratory tract infections in US EDs
format: Article
creator:
  • Levin, Sara K., BA
  • Metlay, Joshua P., MD, PhD
  • Maselli, Judith H., MSPH
  • Kersey, Ayanna S., MSPH
  • Camargo, Carlos A., MD, DrPH
  • Gonzales, Ralph, MD, MSPH
subjects:
  • Acute Disease
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Adults
  • Aged
  • Analysis
  • Antibiotics
  • Cities
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Data collection
  • Diseases
  • Emergency
  • Emergency medical care
  • Emergency medicine
  • Emergency Service, Hospital
  • Ethnicity
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Gift cards & certificates
  • Health care
  • Hospitals
  • Humans
  • Illnesses
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Likert scale
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Older people
  • Respiratory tract diseases
  • Respiratory Tract Infections - psychology
  • Respiratory Tract Infections - therapy
  • Social aspects
  • Social networks
  • Social Perception
  • Social Support
  • Spanish language
  • United States
  • Viral infections
ispartof: The American journal of emergency medicine, 2009, Vol.27 (5), p.582-587
description: Abstract Emergency departments (EDs) provide a disproportionate amount of care to disenfranchised and vulnerable populations. We examined social support levels among a diverse population of adults seeking ED care for acute respiratory tract infections. A convenience sample of adults seeking care in 1 of 15 US EDs was telephone interviewed 1 to 6 weeks postvisit. The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (7-point Likert) assessed social support across 3 domains: friends, family, and significant others. Higher scores indicate higher support. Of 1104 subjects enrolled, 704 (64%) completed the follow-up interview. Factor analysis yielded 3 factors. Mean social support score was 5.54 (SD 1.04). Female sex, greater household income, and better health status were independently associated with higher levels of social support. Social support levels among adults seeking care in the ED for acute respiratory tract infections are similar to general population cohorts, suggesting that social support is not a strong determinant of health care seeking in EDs.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0735-6757
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0735-6757
  • 1532-8171
url: Link


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descriptionAbstract Emergency departments (EDs) provide a disproportionate amount of care to disenfranchised and vulnerable populations. We examined social support levels among a diverse population of adults seeking ED care for acute respiratory tract infections. A convenience sample of adults seeking care in 1 of 15 US EDs was telephone interviewed 1 to 6 weeks postvisit. The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (7-point Likert) assessed social support across 3 domains: friends, family, and significant others. Higher scores indicate higher support. Of 1104 subjects enrolled, 704 (64%) completed the follow-up interview. Factor analysis yielded 3 factors. Mean social support score was 5.54 (SD 1.04). Female sex, greater household income, and better health status were independently associated with higher levels of social support. Social support levels among adults seeking care in the ED for acute respiratory tract infections are similar to general population cohorts, suggesting that social support is not a strong determinant of health care seeking in EDs.
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subjectAcute Disease ; Adolescent ; Adult ; Adults ; Aged ; Analysis ; Antibiotics ; Cities ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Data collection ; Diseases ; Emergency ; Emergency medical care ; Emergency medicine ; Emergency Service, Hospital ; Ethnicity ; Factor Analysis, Statistical ; Female ; Gift cards & certificates ; Health care ; Hospitals ; Humans ; Illnesses ; Interviews as Topic ; Likert scale ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Older people ; Respiratory tract diseases ; Respiratory Tract Infections - psychology ; Respiratory Tract Infections - therapy ; Social aspects ; Social networks ; Social Perception ; Social Support ; Spanish language ; United States ; Viral infections
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abstractAbstract Emergency departments (EDs) provide a disproportionate amount of care to disenfranchised and vulnerable populations. We examined social support levels among a diverse population of adults seeking ED care for acute respiratory tract infections. A convenience sample of adults seeking care in 1 of 15 US EDs was telephone interviewed 1 to 6 weeks postvisit. The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (7-point Likert) assessed social support across 3 domains: friends, family, and significant others. Higher scores indicate higher support. Of 1104 subjects enrolled, 704 (64%) completed the follow-up interview. Factor analysis yielded 3 factors. Mean social support score was 5.54 (SD 1.04). Female sex, greater household income, and better health status were independently associated with higher levels of social support. Social support levels among adults seeking care in the ED for acute respiratory tract infections are similar to general population cohorts, suggesting that social support is not a strong determinant of health care seeking in EDs.
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