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The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study: Examining the impact of societal influences on chronic noncommunicable diseases in low-, middle-, and high-income countries

Background Marked changes in the prevalence of noncommunicable diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease have occurred in developed and developing countries in recent decades. The overarching aim of the study is to examine the relationship of societal influences on human lifesty... Full description

Journal Title: The American heart journal 2009, Vol.158 (1), p.1-7.e1
Main Author: Teo, Koon, PhD
Other Authors: Chow, Clara K., PhD , Vaz, Mario, MD , Rangarajan, Sumathy, MSc , Yusuf, Salim, DPhil
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: New York, NY: Mosby, Inc
ID: ISSN: 0002-8703
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title: The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study: Examining the impact of societal influences on chronic noncommunicable diseases in low-, middle-, and high-income countries
format: Article
creator:
  • Teo, Koon, PhD
  • Chow, Clara K., PhD
  • Vaz, Mario, MD
  • Rangarajan, Sumathy, MSc
  • Yusuf, Salim, DPhil
subjects:
  • Abridged Index Medicus
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Behavior
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Cardiology. Vascular system
  • Cardiovascular
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases - prevention & control
  • Causality
  • Chronic illnesses
  • Cohort Studies
  • Cross-Cultural Comparison
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Developed Countries
  • Developing Countries
  • Development and progression
  • Diabetes
  • Disease Outbreaks - statistics & numerical data
  • Epidemiology
  • Feeding Behavior
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Food
  • Global Health
  • Health Surveys
  • Heart attacks
  • Hospitals
  • Households
  • Humans
  • Industrialized nations
  • Industry
  • Infrastructure
  • LDCs
  • Life Style
  • Low income groups
  • Male
  • Medical research
  • Medical sciences
  • Medicine, Experimental
  • Middle Aged
  • Mortality
  • Nutrition research
  • Obesity
  • Population
  • Prospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Rural Population - statistics & numerical data
  • Smoking
  • Smoking - adverse effects
  • Smoking - epidemiology
  • Social Conditions
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Urban areas
  • Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
  • Urbanization
ispartof: The American heart journal, 2009, Vol.158 (1), p.1-7.e1
description: Background Marked changes in the prevalence of noncommunicable diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease have occurred in developed and developing countries in recent decades. The overarching aim of the study is to examine the relationship of societal influences on human lifestyle behaviors, cardiovascular risk factors, and incidence of chronic noncommunicable diseases. Methods The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study is a large-scale epidemiological study that plans to recruit approximately 140,000 individuals residing in >600 communities in 17 low-, middle-, and high-income countries around the world. Individual data collection includes medical history, lifestyle behaviors (physical activity and dietary profile), blood collection and storage for biochemistry and future genetic analysis, electrocardiogram, and anthropometric measures. In addition, detailed information is being collected with respect to 4 environmental domains of interest—the built environment, nutrition and associated food policy, psychosocial/socioeconomic factors, and tobacco environment. A minimum follow-up of 10 years is currently planned. Results This report describes the design, justification, and methodology of the PURE study. The PURE study has been recruiting since 2002 and has enrolled 139,506 individuals by March 31, 2009. Conclusions The PURE study builds on the work and experience gained through conduct of the INTERHEART study. Its design and extensive data collection are geared toward addressing major questions on causation and development of the underlying determinants of cardiovascular disease in populations at varying stages of epidemiologic transition.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0002-8703
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0002-8703
  • 1097-6744
url: Link


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titleThe Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study: Examining the impact of societal influences on chronic noncommunicable diseases in low-, middle-, and high-income countries
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creatorTeo, Koon, PhD ; Chow, Clara K., PhD ; Vaz, Mario, MD ; Rangarajan, Sumathy, MSc ; Yusuf, Salim, DPhil
creatorcontribTeo, Koon, PhD ; Chow, Clara K., PhD ; Vaz, Mario, MD ; Rangarajan, Sumathy, MSc ; Yusuf, Salim, DPhil ; The PURE Investigators-Writing group ; PURE Investigators-Writing Group
descriptionBackground Marked changes in the prevalence of noncommunicable diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease have occurred in developed and developing countries in recent decades. The overarching aim of the study is to examine the relationship of societal influences on human lifestyle behaviors, cardiovascular risk factors, and incidence of chronic noncommunicable diseases. Methods The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study is a large-scale epidemiological study that plans to recruit approximately 140,000 individuals residing in >600 communities in 17 low-, middle-, and high-income countries around the world. Individual data collection includes medical history, lifestyle behaviors (physical activity and dietary profile), blood collection and storage for biochemistry and future genetic analysis, electrocardiogram, and anthropometric measures. In addition, detailed information is being collected with respect to 4 environmental domains of interest—the built environment, nutrition and associated food policy, psychosocial/socioeconomic factors, and tobacco environment. A minimum follow-up of 10 years is currently planned. Results This report describes the design, justification, and methodology of the PURE study. The PURE study has been recruiting since 2002 and has enrolled 139,506 individuals by March 31, 2009. Conclusions The PURE study builds on the work and experience gained through conduct of the INTERHEART study. Its design and extensive data collection are geared toward addressing major questions on causation and development of the underlying determinants of cardiovascular disease in populations at varying stages of epidemiologic transition.
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subjectAbridged Index Medicus ; Adult ; Aged ; Behavior ; Biological and medical sciences ; Cardiology. Vascular system ; Cardiovascular ; Cardiovascular disease ; Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology ; Cardiovascular Diseases - prevention & control ; Causality ; Chronic illnesses ; Cohort Studies ; Cross-Cultural Comparison ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Developed Countries ; Developing Countries ; Development and progression ; Diabetes ; Disease Outbreaks - statistics & numerical data ; Epidemiology ; Feeding Behavior ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Food ; Global Health ; Health Surveys ; Heart attacks ; Hospitals ; Households ; Humans ; Industrialized nations ; Industry ; Infrastructure ; LDCs ; Life Style ; Low income groups ; Male ; Medical research ; Medical sciences ; Medicine, Experimental ; Middle Aged ; Mortality ; Nutrition research ; Obesity ; Population ; Prospective Studies ; Risk Factors ; Rural Population - statistics & numerical data ; Smoking ; Smoking - adverse effects ; Smoking - epidemiology ; Social Conditions ; Socioeconomic Factors ; Urban areas ; Urban Population - statistics & numerical data ; Urbanization
ispartofThe American heart journal, 2009, Vol.158 (1), p.1-7.e1
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descriptionBackground Marked changes in the prevalence of noncommunicable diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease have occurred in developed and developing countries in recent decades. The overarching aim of the study is to examine the relationship of societal influences on human lifestyle behaviors, cardiovascular risk factors, and incidence of chronic noncommunicable diseases. Methods The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study is a large-scale epidemiological study that plans to recruit approximately 140,000 individuals residing in >600 communities in 17 low-, middle-, and high-income countries around the world. Individual data collection includes medical history, lifestyle behaviors (physical activity and dietary profile), blood collection and storage for biochemistry and future genetic analysis, electrocardiogram, and anthropometric measures. In addition, detailed information is being collected with respect to 4 environmental domains of interest—the built environment, nutrition and associated food policy, psychosocial/socioeconomic factors, and tobacco environment. A minimum follow-up of 10 years is currently planned. Results This report describes the design, justification, and methodology of the PURE study. The PURE study has been recruiting since 2002 and has enrolled 139,506 individuals by March 31, 2009. Conclusions The PURE study builds on the work and experience gained through conduct of the INTERHEART study. Its design and extensive data collection are geared toward addressing major questions on causation and development of the underlying determinants of cardiovascular disease in populations at varying stages of epidemiologic transition.
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abstractBackground Marked changes in the prevalence of noncommunicable diseases such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease have occurred in developed and developing countries in recent decades. The overarching aim of the study is to examine the relationship of societal influences on human lifestyle behaviors, cardiovascular risk factors, and incidence of chronic noncommunicable diseases. Methods The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study is a large-scale epidemiological study that plans to recruit approximately 140,000 individuals residing in >600 communities in 17 low-, middle-, and high-income countries around the world. Individual data collection includes medical history, lifestyle behaviors (physical activity and dietary profile), blood collection and storage for biochemistry and future genetic analysis, electrocardiogram, and anthropometric measures. In addition, detailed information is being collected with respect to 4 environmental domains of interest—the built environment, nutrition and associated food policy, psychosocial/socioeconomic factors, and tobacco environment. A minimum follow-up of 10 years is currently planned. Results This report describes the design, justification, and methodology of the PURE study. The PURE study has been recruiting since 2002 and has enrolled 139,506 individuals by March 31, 2009. Conclusions The PURE study builds on the work and experience gained through conduct of the INTERHEART study. Its design and extensive data collection are geared toward addressing major questions on causation and development of the underlying determinants of cardiovascular disease in populations at varying stages of epidemiologic transition.
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