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Global patterns of mortality in young people: a systematic analysis of population health data

Summary Background Pronounced changes in patterns of health take place in adolescence and young adulthood, but the effects on mortality patterns worldwide have not been reported. We analysed worldwide rates and patterns of mortality between early adolescence and young adulthood. Methods We obtained... Full description

Journal Title: The Lancet (British edition) 2009, Vol.374 (9693), p.881-892
Main Author: Patton, George C, Prof
Other Authors: Coffey, Carolyn, MSc , Sawyer, Susan M, Prof , Viner, Russell M, PhD , Haller, Dagmar M, PhD , Bose, Krishna, PhD , Vos, Theo, Prof , Ferguson, Jane, MSc , Mathers, Colin D, PhD
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
HIV
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: Kidlington: Elsevier Ltd
ID: ISSN: 0140-6736
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title: Global patterns of mortality in young people: a systematic analysis of population health data
format: Article
creator:
  • Patton, George C, Prof
  • Coffey, Carolyn, MSc
  • Sawyer, Susan M, Prof
  • Viner, Russell M, PhD
  • Haller, Dagmar M, PhD
  • Bose, Krishna, PhD
  • Vos, Theo, Prof
  • Ferguson, Jane, MSc
  • Mathers, Colin D, PhD
subjects:
  • Abridged Index Medicus
  • Accidents, Traffic - mortality
  • Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  • Adolescent
  • Age Distribution
  • AIDS
  • Analysis
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Cause of Death - trends
  • Child
  • Community Health Planning
  • Demographic aspects
  • Developed Countries - statistics & numerical data
  • Developing Countries - statistics & numerical data
  • Epidemiology
  • Female
  • General aspects
  • Global Health
  • HIV
  • HIV Infections - mortality
  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • Humans
  • Income - statistics & numerical data
  • Internal Medicine
  • Life Tables
  • Male
  • Maternal Mortality - trends
  • Medical sciences
  • Mortality
  • Mortality - trends
  • Mycobacterium
  • Population Surveillance
  • Public health
  • Public health. Hygiene
  • Public health. Hygiene-occupational medicine
  • Reports
  • Sex Distribution
  • Suicide - statistics & numerical data
  • Tuberculosis - mortality
  • Violence - statistics & numerical data
  • Wounds and Injuries - mortality
  • Young Adult
  • Young adults
ispartof: The Lancet (British edition), 2009, Vol.374 (9693), p.881-892
description: Summary Background Pronounced changes in patterns of health take place in adolescence and young adulthood, but the effects on mortality patterns worldwide have not been reported. We analysed worldwide rates and patterns of mortality between early adolescence and young adulthood. Methods We obtained data from the 2004 Global Burden of Disease Study, and used all-cause mortality estimates developed for the 2006 World Health Report , with adjustments for revisions in death from HIV/AIDS and from war and natural disasters. Data for cause of death were derived from national vital registration when available; for other countries we used sample registration data, verbal autopsy, and disease surveillance data to model causes of death. Worldwide rates and patterns of mortality were investigated by WHO region, income status, and cause in age-groups of 10–14 years, 15–19 years, and 20–24 years. Findings 2·6 million deaths occurred in people aged 10–24 years in 2004. 2·56 million (97%) of these deaths were in low-income and middle-income countries, and almost two thirds (1·67 million) were in sub-Saharan Africa and southeast Asia. Pronounced rises in mortality rates were recorded from early adolescence (10–14 years) to young adulthood (20–24 years), but reasons varied by region and sex. Maternal conditions were a leading cause of female deaths at 15%. HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis contributed to 11% of deaths. Traffic accidents were the largest cause and accounted for 14% of male and 5% of female deaths. Other prominent causes included violence (12% of male deaths) and suicide (6% of all deaths). Interpretation Present global priorities for adolescent health policy, which focus on HIV/AIDS and maternal mortality, are an important but insufficient response to prevent mortality in an age-group in which more than two in five deaths are due to intentional and unintentional injuries. Funding WHO and National Health and Medical Research Council.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0140-6736
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0140-6736
  • 1474-547X
url: Link


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creatorPatton, George C, Prof ; Coffey, Carolyn, MSc ; Sawyer, Susan M, Prof ; Viner, Russell M, PhD ; Haller, Dagmar M, PhD ; Bose, Krishna, PhD ; Vos, Theo, Prof ; Ferguson, Jane, MSc ; Mathers, Colin D, PhD
creatorcontribPatton, George C, Prof ; Coffey, Carolyn, MSc ; Sawyer, Susan M, Prof ; Viner, Russell M, PhD ; Haller, Dagmar M, PhD ; Bose, Krishna, PhD ; Vos, Theo, Prof ; Ferguson, Jane, MSc ; Mathers, Colin D, PhD
descriptionSummary Background Pronounced changes in patterns of health take place in adolescence and young adulthood, but the effects on mortality patterns worldwide have not been reported. We analysed worldwide rates and patterns of mortality between early adolescence and young adulthood. Methods We obtained data from the 2004 Global Burden of Disease Study, and used all-cause mortality estimates developed for the 2006 World Health Report , with adjustments for revisions in death from HIV/AIDS and from war and natural disasters. Data for cause of death were derived from national vital registration when available; for other countries we used sample registration data, verbal autopsy, and disease surveillance data to model causes of death. Worldwide rates and patterns of mortality were investigated by WHO region, income status, and cause in age-groups of 10–14 years, 15–19 years, and 20–24 years. Findings 2·6 million deaths occurred in people aged 10–24 years in 2004. 2·56 million (97%) of these deaths were in low-income and middle-income countries, and almost two thirds (1·67 million) were in sub-Saharan Africa and southeast Asia. Pronounced rises in mortality rates were recorded from early adolescence (10–14 years) to young adulthood (20–24 years), but reasons varied by region and sex. Maternal conditions were a leading cause of female deaths at 15%. HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis contributed to 11% of deaths. Traffic accidents were the largest cause and accounted for 14% of male and 5% of female deaths. Other prominent causes included violence (12% of male deaths) and suicide (6% of all deaths). Interpretation Present global priorities for adolescent health policy, which focus on HIV/AIDS and maternal mortality, are an important but insufficient response to prevent mortality in an age-group in which more than two in five deaths are due to intentional and unintentional injuries. Funding WHO and National Health and Medical Research Council.
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subjectAbridged Index Medicus ; Accidents, Traffic - mortality ; Acquired immune deficiency syndrome ; Adolescent ; Age Distribution ; AIDS ; Analysis ; Biological and medical sciences ; Cause of Death - trends ; Child ; Community Health Planning ; Demographic aspects ; Developed Countries - statistics & numerical data ; Developing Countries - statistics & numerical data ; Epidemiology ; Female ; General aspects ; Global Health ; HIV ; HIV Infections - mortality ; Human immunodeficiency virus ; Humans ; Income - statistics & numerical data ; Internal Medicine ; Life Tables ; Male ; Maternal Mortality - trends ; Medical sciences ; Mortality ; Mortality - trends ; Mycobacterium ; Population Surveillance ; Public health ; Public health. Hygiene ; Public health. Hygiene-occupational medicine ; Reports ; Sex Distribution ; Suicide - statistics & numerical data ; Tuberculosis - mortality ; Violence - statistics & numerical data ; Wounds and Injuries - mortality ; Young Adult ; Young adults
ispartofThe Lancet (British edition), 2009, Vol.374 (9693), p.881-892
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descriptionSummary Background Pronounced changes in patterns of health take place in adolescence and young adulthood, but the effects on mortality patterns worldwide have not been reported. We analysed worldwide rates and patterns of mortality between early adolescence and young adulthood. Methods We obtained data from the 2004 Global Burden of Disease Study, and used all-cause mortality estimates developed for the 2006 World Health Report , with adjustments for revisions in death from HIV/AIDS and from war and natural disasters. Data for cause of death were derived from national vital registration when available; for other countries we used sample registration data, verbal autopsy, and disease surveillance data to model causes of death. Worldwide rates and patterns of mortality were investigated by WHO region, income status, and cause in age-groups of 10–14 years, 15–19 years, and 20–24 years. Findings 2·6 million deaths occurred in people aged 10–24 years in 2004. 2·56 million (97%) of these deaths were in low-income and middle-income countries, and almost two thirds (1·67 million) were in sub-Saharan Africa and southeast Asia. Pronounced rises in mortality rates were recorded from early adolescence (10–14 years) to young adulthood (20–24 years), but reasons varied by region and sex. Maternal conditions were a leading cause of female deaths at 15%. HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis contributed to 11% of deaths. Traffic accidents were the largest cause and accounted for 14% of male and 5% of female deaths. Other prominent causes included violence (12% of male deaths) and suicide (6% of all deaths). Interpretation Present global priorities for adolescent health policy, which focus on HIV/AIDS and maternal mortality, are an important but insufficient response to prevent mortality in an age-group in which more than two in five deaths are due to intentional and unintentional injuries. Funding WHO and National Health and Medical Research Council.
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19HIV Infections - mortality
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24Life Tables
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26Maternal Mortality - trends
27Medical sciences
28Mortality
29Mortality - trends
30Mycobacterium
31Population Surveillance
32Public health
33Public health. Hygiene
34Public health. Hygiene-occupational medicine
35Reports
36Sex Distribution
37Suicide - statistics & numerical data
38Tuberculosis - mortality
39Violence - statistics & numerical data
40Wounds and Injuries - mortality
41Young Adult
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titleGlobal patterns of mortality in young people: a systematic analysis of population health data
authorPatton, George C, Prof ; Coffey, Carolyn, MSc ; Sawyer, Susan M, Prof ; Viner, Russell M, PhD ; Haller, Dagmar M, PhD ; Bose, Krishna, PhD ; Vos, Theo, Prof ; Ferguson, Jane, MSc ; Mathers, Colin D, PhD
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1Accidents, Traffic - mortality
2Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
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4Age Distribution
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7Biological and medical sciences
8Cause of Death - trends
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abstractSummary Background Pronounced changes in patterns of health take place in adolescence and young adulthood, but the effects on mortality patterns worldwide have not been reported. We analysed worldwide rates and patterns of mortality between early adolescence and young adulthood. Methods We obtained data from the 2004 Global Burden of Disease Study, and used all-cause mortality estimates developed for the 2006 World Health Report , with adjustments for revisions in death from HIV/AIDS and from war and natural disasters. Data for cause of death were derived from national vital registration when available; for other countries we used sample registration data, verbal autopsy, and disease surveillance data to model causes of death. Worldwide rates and patterns of mortality were investigated by WHO region, income status, and cause in age-groups of 10–14 years, 15–19 years, and 20–24 years. Findings 2·6 million deaths occurred in people aged 10–24 years in 2004. 2·56 million (97%) of these deaths were in low-income and middle-income countries, and almost two thirds (1·67 million) were in sub-Saharan Africa and southeast Asia. Pronounced rises in mortality rates were recorded from early adolescence (10–14 years) to young adulthood (20–24 years), but reasons varied by region and sex. Maternal conditions were a leading cause of female deaths at 15%. HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis contributed to 11% of deaths. Traffic accidents were the largest cause and accounted for 14% of male and 5% of female deaths. Other prominent causes included violence (12% of male deaths) and suicide (6% of all deaths). Interpretation Present global priorities for adolescent health policy, which focus on HIV/AIDS and maternal mortality, are an important but insufficient response to prevent mortality in an age-group in which more than two in five deaths are due to intentional and unintentional injuries. Funding WHO and National Health and Medical Research Council.
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