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Surveys of Norwegian youth indicated that breast feeding reduced subsequent risk of obesity

Breast-feeding protects against overweight in childhood, while it is uncertain if it is protective against adolescent and adult overweight. The objective of this study was to examine whether having been breast fed protects against adolescent and adult overweight and obesity. Participants in the Oslo... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of clinical epidemiology 2005, Vol.58 (8), p.849-855.e1
Main Author: Kvaavik, Elisabeth
Other Authors: Tell, Grethe S , Klepp, Knut-Inge
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
BMI
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: New York, NY: Elsevier Inc
ID: ISSN: 0895-4356
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_68456096
title: Surveys of Norwegian youth indicated that breast feeding reduced subsequent risk of obesity
format: Article
creator:
  • Kvaavik, Elisabeth
  • Tell, Grethe S
  • Klepp, Knut-Inge
subjects:
  • Adolescence
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Adulthood
  • Age Factors
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • BMI
  • Body Height
  • Body Mass Index
  • Body Weight
  • Breast feeding
  • Breast Feeding - statistics & numerical data
  • Breastfeeding & lactation
  • Child
  • Children & youth
  • Epidemiologic Methods
  • Epidemiology
  • Female
  • General aspects
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Medical sciences
  • Metabolic diseases
  • Methodology
  • Middle Aged
  • Motor Activity
  • Norway - epidemiology
  • Obesity
  • Obesity - epidemiology
  • Obesity - prevention & control
  • Overweight
  • Parents
  • Public health. Hygiene
  • Public health. Hygiene-occupational medicine
  • Risk factors
  • Smoking - epidemiology
  • Smoking - physiopathology
  • Studies
  • Surveys
ispartof: Journal of clinical epidemiology, 2005, Vol.58 (8), p.849-855.e1
description: Breast-feeding protects against overweight in childhood, while it is uncertain if it is protective against adolescent and adult overweight. The objective of this study was to examine whether having been breast fed protects against adolescent and adult overweight and obesity. Participants in the Oslo Youth study examined in 1979/1981 ( n = 635, mean age 13.1 years) and in 1999. Weight and height were measured in 1979/1981 and self-reported in 1999. Breast-feeding information was provided by the parents in 1979/1981. Potential confounders adjusted for included parents' body mass index and education, mother's smoking habits, participants' physical activity, smoking status, education and energy intake. Comparing those having been breast fed more than 3 months with those never breast fed, the adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval [CI]) between the two groups were 0.27 (0.13–0.56) for being overweight and 0.15 (0.03–0.72) for being obese in adolescent. In adulthood, the corresponding odds ratios were 0.64 (0.33–1.26) and 0.34 (0.12–1.01), respectively. Breast feeding during infancy appears to protect against adolescent overweight and obesity, while the effect on adult weight status is weaker. With increasing age, the impact of any protective physiologic mechanisms of breast feeding seen earlier in life tends to diminish.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0895-4356
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0895-4356
  • 1878-5921
url: Link


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descriptionBreast-feeding protects against overweight in childhood, while it is uncertain if it is protective against adolescent and adult overweight. The objective of this study was to examine whether having been breast fed protects against adolescent and adult overweight and obesity. Participants in the Oslo Youth study examined in 1979/1981 ( n = 635, mean age 13.1 years) and in 1999. Weight and height were measured in 1979/1981 and self-reported in 1999. Breast-feeding information was provided by the parents in 1979/1981. Potential confounders adjusted for included parents' body mass index and education, mother's smoking habits, participants' physical activity, smoking status, education and energy intake. Comparing those having been breast fed more than 3 months with those never breast fed, the adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval [CI]) between the two groups were 0.27 (0.13–0.56) for being overweight and 0.15 (0.03–0.72) for being obese in adolescent. In adulthood, the corresponding odds ratios were 0.64 (0.33–1.26) and 0.34 (0.12–1.01), respectively. Breast feeding during infancy appears to protect against adolescent overweight and obesity, while the effect on adult weight status is weaker. With increasing age, the impact of any protective physiologic mechanisms of breast feeding seen earlier in life tends to diminish.
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subjectAdolescence ; Adolescent ; Adult ; Adulthood ; Age Factors ; Biological and medical sciences ; BMI ; Body Height ; Body Mass Index ; Body Weight ; Breast feeding ; Breast Feeding - statistics & numerical data ; Breastfeeding & lactation ; Child ; Children & youth ; Epidemiologic Methods ; Epidemiology ; Female ; General aspects ; Humans ; Male ; Medical sciences ; Metabolic diseases ; Methodology ; Middle Aged ; Motor Activity ; Norway - epidemiology ; Obesity ; Obesity - epidemiology ; Obesity - prevention & control ; Overweight ; Parents ; Public health. Hygiene ; Public health. Hygiene-occupational medicine ; Risk factors ; Smoking - epidemiology ; Smoking - physiopathology ; Studies ; Surveys
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descriptionBreast-feeding protects against overweight in childhood, while it is uncertain if it is protective against adolescent and adult overweight. The objective of this study was to examine whether having been breast fed protects against adolescent and adult overweight and obesity. Participants in the Oslo Youth study examined in 1979/1981 ( n = 635, mean age 13.1 years) and in 1999. Weight and height were measured in 1979/1981 and self-reported in 1999. Breast-feeding information was provided by the parents in 1979/1981. Potential confounders adjusted for included parents' body mass index and education, mother's smoking habits, participants' physical activity, smoking status, education and energy intake. Comparing those having been breast fed more than 3 months with those never breast fed, the adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval [CI]) between the two groups were 0.27 (0.13–0.56) for being overweight and 0.15 (0.03–0.72) for being obese in adolescent. In adulthood, the corresponding odds ratios were 0.64 (0.33–1.26) and 0.34 (0.12–1.01), respectively. Breast feeding during infancy appears to protect against adolescent overweight and obesity, while the effect on adult weight status is weaker. With increasing age, the impact of any protective physiologic mechanisms of breast feeding seen earlier in life tends to diminish.
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abstractBreast-feeding protects against overweight in childhood, while it is uncertain if it is protective against adolescent and adult overweight. The objective of this study was to examine whether having been breast fed protects against adolescent and adult overweight and obesity. Participants in the Oslo Youth study examined in 1979/1981 ( n = 635, mean age 13.1 years) and in 1999. Weight and height were measured in 1979/1981 and self-reported in 1999. Breast-feeding information was provided by the parents in 1979/1981. Potential confounders adjusted for included parents' body mass index and education, mother's smoking habits, participants' physical activity, smoking status, education and energy intake. Comparing those having been breast fed more than 3 months with those never breast fed, the adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence interval [CI]) between the two groups were 0.27 (0.13–0.56) for being overweight and 0.15 (0.03–0.72) for being obese in adolescent. In adulthood, the corresponding odds ratios were 0.64 (0.33–1.26) and 0.34 (0.12–1.01), respectively. Breast feeding during infancy appears to protect against adolescent overweight and obesity, while the effect on adult weight status is weaker. With increasing age, the impact of any protective physiologic mechanisms of breast feeding seen earlier in life tends to diminish.
copNew York, NY
pubElsevier Inc
pmid16086483
doi10.1016/j.jclinepi.2004.12.007