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The relationship of social support to depressive symptoms during the transition to high school

The transition to high school is studied as a time when students may experience disruptions in their social support systems. Peer support, family support, and school belonging were hypothesized to be associated with adolescent adjustment, specifically depressive symptoms. Participants included 104 e... Full description

Journal Title: Adolescence 2007, Vol.42 (167), p.441-459
Main Author: NEWMAN, Barbara M
Other Authors: NEWMAN, Philip R , GRIFFEN, Sarah , O'CONNOR, Kerry , SPAS, Jayson
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: Roslyn Heights, NY: Libra Publishers
ID: ISSN: 0001-8449
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_68562149
title: The relationship of social support to depressive symptoms during the transition to high school
format: Article
creator:
  • NEWMAN, Barbara M
  • NEWMAN, Philip R
  • GRIFFEN, Sarah
  • O'CONNOR, Kerry
  • SPAS, Jayson
subjects:
  • Adaptation, Psychological
  • Adolescent
  • Adolescents
  • Adult and adolescent clinical studies
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Children & youth
  • Depression
  • Depression (Psychology)
  • Depression - epidemiology
  • Depression in adolescence
  • Families & family life
  • Female
  • Friends
  • High school students
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations
  • Life Change Events
  • Male
  • Medical sciences
  • Mood disorders
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Parents
  • Parents & parenting
  • Psychological aspects
  • Psychology. Psychoanalysis. Psychiatry
  • Psychopathology. Psychiatry
  • Risk factors
  • Social aspects
  • Social Environment
  • Social networks
  • Social Support
  • Socialization
  • Stress, Psychological - epidemiology
  • Students
  • Students - psychology
  • Teenagers
ispartof: Adolescence, 2007, Vol.42 (167), p.441-459
description: The transition to high school is studied as a time when students may experience disruptions in their social support systems. Peer support, family support, and school belonging were hypothesized to be associated with adolescent adjustment, specifically depressive symptoms. Participants included 104 eighth graders and 101 ninth graders from a middle- to high-income, predominantly white community in southern Rhode Island. In year 2, 60 of the original 8th graders were surveyed as 9th graders. Three hypotheses were examined: Social support declines from 8th to 9th grade; depressive symptoms increase from 8th to 9th grade; and social support is significantly associated with depressive symptoms. The hypotheses were tested using cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. Results indicated that 9th graders experienced more depressive symptoms and lower levels of school belonging as compared to the 8th graders. Changes in parent support and peer support were significantly associated with depressive symptoms in the transition to high school. Implications for increasing school belonging in the 9th grade are discussed.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0001-8449
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0001-8449
url: Link


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descriptionThe transition to high school is studied as a time when students may experience disruptions in their social support systems. Peer support, family support, and school belonging were hypothesized to be associated with adolescent adjustment, specifically depressive symptoms. Participants included 104 eighth graders and 101 ninth graders from a middle- to high-income, predominantly white community in southern Rhode Island. In year 2, 60 of the original 8th graders were surveyed as 9th graders. Three hypotheses were examined: Social support declines from 8th to 9th grade; depressive symptoms increase from 8th to 9th grade; and social support is significantly associated with depressive symptoms. The hypotheses were tested using cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. Results indicated that 9th graders experienced more depressive symptoms and lower levels of school belonging as compared to the 8th graders. Changes in parent support and peer support were significantly associated with depressive symptoms in the transition to high school. Implications for increasing school belonging in the 9th grade are discussed.
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subjectAdaptation, Psychological ; Adolescent ; Adolescents ; Adult and adolescent clinical studies ; Biological and medical sciences ; Children & youth ; Depression ; Depression (Psychology) ; Depression - epidemiology ; Depression in adolescence ; Families & family life ; Female ; Friends ; High school students ; Humans ; Interpersonal Relations ; Life Change Events ; Male ; Medical sciences ; Mood disorders ; Multivariate Analysis ; Parents ; Parents & parenting ; Psychological aspects ; Psychology. Psychoanalysis. Psychiatry ; Psychopathology. Psychiatry ; Risk factors ; Social aspects ; Social Environment ; Social networks ; Social Support ; Socialization ; Stress, Psychological - epidemiology ; Students ; Students - psychology ; Teenagers
ispartofAdolescence, 2007, Vol.42 (167), p.441-459
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abstractThe transition to high school is studied as a time when students may experience disruptions in their social support systems. Peer support, family support, and school belonging were hypothesized to be associated with adolescent adjustment, specifically depressive symptoms. Participants included 104 eighth graders and 101 ninth graders from a middle- to high-income, predominantly white community in southern Rhode Island. In year 2, 60 of the original 8th graders were surveyed as 9th graders. Three hypotheses were examined: Social support declines from 8th to 9th grade; depressive symptoms increase from 8th to 9th grade; and social support is significantly associated with depressive symptoms. The hypotheses were tested using cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. Results indicated that 9th graders experienced more depressive symptoms and lower levels of school belonging as compared to the 8th graders. Changes in parent support and peer support were significantly associated with depressive symptoms in the transition to high school. Implications for increasing school belonging in the 9th grade are discussed.
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