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Information Processing in the Primate Retina: Circuitry and Coding

The function of any neural circuit is governed by connectivity of neurons in the circuit and the computations performed by the neurons. Recent research on retinal function has substantially advanced understanding in both areas. First, visual information is transmitted to the brain by at least 17 dis... Full description

Journal Title: Annual review of neuroscience 2007, Vol.30 (1), p.1-30
Main Author: FIELD, G. D
Other Authors: CHICHILNISKY, E. J
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews
ID: ISSN: 0147-006X
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title: Information Processing in the Primate Retina: Circuitry and Coding
format: Article
creator:
  • FIELD, G. D
  • CHICHILNISKY, E. J
subjects:
  • Action Potentials - physiology
  • Analysis
  • Animals
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Eye and associated structures. Visual pathways and centers. Vision
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • Ganglion
  • Genetic code
  • Humans
  • Models, Neurological
  • Neurons
  • Neurosciences
  • Primates
  • Primates - anatomy & histology
  • Primates - physiology
  • Retina
  • Retina - anatomy & histology
  • Retina - physiology
  • Retinal Ganglion Cells - physiology
  • Synaptic Transmission - physiology
  • Vertebrates: nervous system and sense organs
  • Vision, Ocular - physiology
  • Visual Fields - physiology
  • Visual Pathways - anatomy & histology
  • Visual Pathways - physiology
ispartof: Annual review of neuroscience, 2007, Vol.30 (1), p.1-30
description: The function of any neural circuit is governed by connectivity of neurons in the circuit and the computations performed by the neurons. Recent research on retinal function has substantially advanced understanding in both areas. First, visual information is transmitted to the brain by at least 17 distinct retinal ganglion cell types defined by characteristic morphology, light response properties, and central projections. These findings provide a much more accurate view of the parallel visual pathways emanating from the retina than do previous models, and they highlight the importance of identifying distinct cell types and their connectivity in other neural circuits. Second, encoding of visual information involves significant temporal structure and interactions in the spike trains of retinal neurons. The functional importance of this structure is revealed by computational analysis of encoding and decoding, an approach that may be applicable to understanding the function of other neural circuits.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0147-006X
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0147-006X
  • 1545-4126
url: Link


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descriptionThe function of any neural circuit is governed by connectivity of neurons in the circuit and the computations performed by the neurons. Recent research on retinal function has substantially advanced understanding in both areas. First, visual information is transmitted to the brain by at least 17 distinct retinal ganglion cell types defined by characteristic morphology, light response properties, and central projections. These findings provide a much more accurate view of the parallel visual pathways emanating from the retina than do previous models, and they highlight the importance of identifying distinct cell types and their connectivity in other neural circuits. Second, encoding of visual information involves significant temporal structure and interactions in the spike trains of retinal neurons. The functional importance of this structure is revealed by computational analysis of encoding and decoding, an approach that may be applicable to understanding the function of other neural circuits.
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subjectAction Potentials - physiology ; Analysis ; Animals ; Biological and medical sciences ; Eye and associated structures. Visual pathways and centers. Vision ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; Ganglion ; Genetic code ; Humans ; Models, Neurological ; Neurons ; Neurosciences ; Primates ; Primates - anatomy & histology ; Primates - physiology ; Retina ; Retina - anatomy & histology ; Retina - physiology ; Retinal Ganglion Cells - physiology ; Synaptic Transmission - physiology ; Vertebrates: nervous system and sense organs ; Vision, Ocular - physiology ; Visual Fields - physiology ; Visual Pathways - anatomy & histology ; Visual Pathways - physiology
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abstractThe function of any neural circuit is governed by connectivity of neurons in the circuit and the computations performed by the neurons. Recent research on retinal function has substantially advanced understanding in both areas. First, visual information is transmitted to the brain by at least 17 distinct retinal ganglion cell types defined by characteristic morphology, light response properties, and central projections. These findings provide a much more accurate view of the parallel visual pathways emanating from the retina than do previous models, and they highlight the importance of identifying distinct cell types and their connectivity in other neural circuits. Second, encoding of visual information involves significant temporal structure and interactions in the spike trains of retinal neurons. The functional importance of this structure is revealed by computational analysis of encoding and decoding, an approach that may be applicable to understanding the function of other neural circuits.
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