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Seasonal Variation in Insulin Sensitivity in Healthy Elderly People

There is a seasonal variation in the incidence of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. However, there is very little information about the seasonal variation in insulin sensitivity. We report the seasonal variation in insulin sensitivity in a group of elderly subjects followed for 1 y. Hea... Full description

Journal Title: Nutrition (Burbank Los Angeles County, Calif.), 2003, Vol.19 (4), p.310-316
Main Author: Bunout, Daniel
Other Authors: Barrera, Gladys , de la Maza, Pia , Gattas, Vivien , Hirsch, Sandra
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: New York, NY: Elsevier Inc
ID: ISSN: 0899-9007
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_73167424
title: Seasonal Variation in Insulin Sensitivity in Healthy Elderly People
format: Article
creator:
  • Bunout, Daniel
  • Barrera, Gladys
  • de la Maza, Pia
  • Gattas, Vivien
  • Hirsch, Sandra
subjects:
  • Absorptiometry, Photon
  • Aged
  • Aging - physiology
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Body Composition - drug effects
  • Body Composition - physiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases - blood
  • Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology
  • Cholesterol
  • Cholesterol, LDL - blood
  • Diabetes
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 - blood
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 - epidemiology
  • Dietary Supplements
  • Exercise - physiology
  • Fasting
  • Female
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • healthy elderly
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Insulin
  • Insulin - metabolism
  • Insulin resistance
  • insulin sensitivity
  • Male
  • Postprandial Period
  • Prospective Studies
  • seasonal variation
  • Seasons
  • Thermoregulation. Hibernation. Estivation. Ecophysiology and environmental effects
  • Triglycerides - blood
  • Vertebrates: anatomy and physiology, studies on body, several organs or systems
  • Vitamins - administration & dosage
ispartof: Nutrition (Burbank, Los Angeles County, Calif.), 2003, Vol.19 (4), p.310-316
description: There is a seasonal variation in the incidence of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. However, there is very little information about the seasonal variation in insulin sensitivity. We report the seasonal variation in insulin sensitivity in a group of elderly subjects followed for 1 y. Healthy elderly (≥70 y) subjects living independently were included. Fifty percent of subjects received a daily nutritional supplement that provided 400 kcal, 15 g of protein, and 50% of vitamin daily reference values (DRVs). Those receiving and not receiving supplements were randomly assigned to a resistance exercise training program. Every 6 mo (winter, summer, and winter), body composition was measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and blood samples were used to measure serum lipids, fasting and postprandial glucose, and insulin levels. One hundred eight subjects (31 supplemented and trained, 28 supplemented, 16 trained, and 33 without supplementation or training) completed the follow up. Higher homeostasis assessment of insulin sensitivity, postprandial insulin, and fasting triacylglycerol levels were observed during the summer than during the winter. Body fat increased steadily during the study period, and fat-free mass did not change. Serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol decreased significantly in the supplemented and trained group and increased in the non-intervention group. In this group of elderly subjects, insulin resistance and triacylglycerol levels were higher during the summer. Nutritional supplementation and training had a positive effect on serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0899-9007
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0899-9007
  • 1873-1244
url: Link


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descriptionThere is a seasonal variation in the incidence of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. However, there is very little information about the seasonal variation in insulin sensitivity. We report the seasonal variation in insulin sensitivity in a group of elderly subjects followed for 1 y. Healthy elderly (≥70 y) subjects living independently were included. Fifty percent of subjects received a daily nutritional supplement that provided 400 kcal, 15 g of protein, and 50% of vitamin daily reference values (DRVs). Those receiving and not receiving supplements were randomly assigned to a resistance exercise training program. Every 6 mo (winter, summer, and winter), body composition was measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and blood samples were used to measure serum lipids, fasting and postprandial glucose, and insulin levels. One hundred eight subjects (31 supplemented and trained, 28 supplemented, 16 trained, and 33 without supplementation or training) completed the follow up. Higher homeostasis assessment of insulin sensitivity, postprandial insulin, and fasting triacylglycerol levels were observed during the summer than during the winter. Body fat increased steadily during the study period, and fat-free mass did not change. Serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol decreased significantly in the supplemented and trained group and increased in the non-intervention group. In this group of elderly subjects, insulin resistance and triacylglycerol levels were higher during the summer. Nutritional supplementation and training had a positive effect on serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
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subjectAbsorptiometry, Photon ; Aged ; Aging - physiology ; Biological and medical sciences ; Body Composition - drug effects ; Body Composition - physiology ; Cardiovascular Diseases - blood ; Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology ; Cholesterol ; Cholesterol, LDL - blood ; Diabetes ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 - blood ; Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 - epidemiology ; Dietary Supplements ; Exercise - physiology ; Fasting ; Female ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; healthy elderly ; Humans ; Incidence ; Insulin ; Insulin - metabolism ; Insulin resistance ; insulin sensitivity ; Male ; Postprandial Period ; Prospective Studies ; seasonal variation ; Seasons ; Thermoregulation. Hibernation. Estivation. Ecophysiology and environmental effects ; Triglycerides - blood ; Vertebrates: anatomy and physiology, studies on body, several organs or systems ; Vitamins - administration & dosage
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descriptionThere is a seasonal variation in the incidence of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. However, there is very little information about the seasonal variation in insulin sensitivity. We report the seasonal variation in insulin sensitivity in a group of elderly subjects followed for 1 y. Healthy elderly (≥70 y) subjects living independently were included. Fifty percent of subjects received a daily nutritional supplement that provided 400 kcal, 15 g of protein, and 50% of vitamin daily reference values (DRVs). Those receiving and not receiving supplements were randomly assigned to a resistance exercise training program. Every 6 mo (winter, summer, and winter), body composition was measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and blood samples were used to measure serum lipids, fasting and postprandial glucose, and insulin levels. One hundred eight subjects (31 supplemented and trained, 28 supplemented, 16 trained, and 33 without supplementation or training) completed the follow up. Higher homeostasis assessment of insulin sensitivity, postprandial insulin, and fasting triacylglycerol levels were observed during the summer than during the winter. Body fat increased steadily during the study period, and fat-free mass did not change. Serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol decreased significantly in the supplemented and trained group and increased in the non-intervention group. In this group of elderly subjects, insulin resistance and triacylglycerol levels were higher during the summer. Nutritional supplementation and training had a positive effect on serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
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4Body Composition - drug effects
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12Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 - epidemiology
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23Insulin resistance
24insulin sensitivity
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27Prospective Studies
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31Triglycerides - blood
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33Vitamins - administration & dosage
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33Vitamins - administration & dosage
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abstractThere is a seasonal variation in the incidence of diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases. However, there is very little information about the seasonal variation in insulin sensitivity. We report the seasonal variation in insulin sensitivity in a group of elderly subjects followed for 1 y. Healthy elderly (≥70 y) subjects living independently were included. Fifty percent of subjects received a daily nutritional supplement that provided 400 kcal, 15 g of protein, and 50% of vitamin daily reference values (DRVs). Those receiving and not receiving supplements were randomly assigned to a resistance exercise training program. Every 6 mo (winter, summer, and winter), body composition was measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and blood samples were used to measure serum lipids, fasting and postprandial glucose, and insulin levels. One hundred eight subjects (31 supplemented and trained, 28 supplemented, 16 trained, and 33 without supplementation or training) completed the follow up. Higher homeostasis assessment of insulin sensitivity, postprandial insulin, and fasting triacylglycerol levels were observed during the summer than during the winter. Body fat increased steadily during the study period, and fat-free mass did not change. Serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol decreased significantly in the supplemented and trained group and increased in the non-intervention group. In this group of elderly subjects, insulin resistance and triacylglycerol levels were higher during the summer. Nutritional supplementation and training had a positive effect on serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol.
copNew York, NY
pubElsevier Inc
pmid12679163
doi10.1016/S0899-9007(02)01016-X