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The effects of low-intensity resistance training with vascular restriction on leg muscle strength in older men

The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the effects of two types of resistance training protocols on the adaptation of skeletal muscle strength in older men. Thirty-seven healthy male subjects (50–64 years) participated in this study. Subjects were assigned to one of three groups: h... Full description

Journal Title: European journal of applied physiology 2009, Vol.108 (1), p.147-155
Main Author: Karabulut, Murat
Other Authors: Abe, Takashi , Sato, Yoshiaki , Bemben, Michael G
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag
ID: ISSN: 1439-6319
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_733614110
title: The effects of low-intensity resistance training with vascular restriction on leg muscle strength in older men
format: Article
creator:
  • Karabulut, Murat
  • Abe, Takashi
  • Sato, Yoshiaki
  • Bemben, Michael G
subjects:
  • Adaptation, Physiological - physiology
  • Analysis
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Biomedicine
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Blood Pressure
  • Blood Vessels - physiology
  • Body Height - physiology
  • Contraindications
  • Exercise - physiology
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • Human Physiology
  • Humans
  • Leg - physiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Contraction - physiology
  • Muscle Strength - physiology
  • Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine
  • Original Article
  • Physical Endurance - physiology
  • Physiological aspects
  • Resistance Training
  • Sports Medicine
  • Stress, Mechanical
  • Universities and colleges
  • Vertebrates: body movement. Posture. Locomotion. Flight. Swimming. Physical exercise. Rest. Sports
  • Weight Lifting - physiology
  • Weight training
ispartof: European journal of applied physiology, 2009, Vol.108 (1), p.147-155
description: The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the effects of two types of resistance training protocols on the adaptation of skeletal muscle strength in older men. Thirty-seven healthy male subjects (50–64 years) participated in this study. Subjects were assigned to one of three groups: high-intensity (80% 1-RM) resistance training (RT80); low-intensity (20% 1-RM) resistance training with vascular restriction (VR-RT20); and a control group (CON) that performed no exercise. Subjects in both exercise groups performed three upper body (at 80% 1-RM) and two lower body exercises either with (20% 1-RM) or without (80% 1-RM) vascular restriction three times a week for 6 weeks. As expected, the RT80 and VR-RT20 groups had significantly ( p   0.05). It should be noted that the percentage increase in leg extension strength for the RT80 group was significantly greater than that for both the VR-RT20 ( p  
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1439-6319
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 1439-6319
  • 1439-6327
url: Link


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titleThe effects of low-intensity resistance training with vascular restriction on leg muscle strength in older men
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descriptionThe purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the effects of two types of resistance training protocols on the adaptation of skeletal muscle strength in older men. Thirty-seven healthy male subjects (50–64 years) participated in this study. Subjects were assigned to one of three groups: high-intensity (80% 1-RM) resistance training (RT80); low-intensity (20% 1-RM) resistance training with vascular restriction (VR-RT20); and a control group (CON) that performed no exercise. Subjects in both exercise groups performed three upper body (at 80% 1-RM) and two lower body exercises either with (20% 1-RM) or without (80% 1-RM) vascular restriction three times a week for 6 weeks. As expected, the RT80 and VR-RT20 groups had significantly ( p  < 0.01) greater strength increases in all upper body and leg press exercises compared with CON, however, absolute strength gains for the RT80 and VR-RT20 groups were similar ( p  > 0.05). It should be noted that the percentage increase in leg extension strength for the RT80 group was significantly greater than that for both the VR-RT20 ( p  < 0.05) and CON groups ( p  < 0.01), while the percentage increase in leg extension strength for the VR-RT20 group was significantly ( p  < 0.01) greater than that for the CON. The findings suggested that leg muscle strength improves with the low-load vascular restriction training and the VR-RT20 training protocol was almost as effective as the RT80 training protocol for increasing muscular strength in older men.
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subjectAdaptation, Physiological - physiology ; Analysis ; Biological and medical sciences ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Biomedicine ; Blood Flow Velocity ; Blood Pressure ; Blood Vessels - physiology ; Body Height - physiology ; Contraindications ; Exercise - physiology ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; Human Physiology ; Humans ; Leg - physiology ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Muscle Contraction - physiology ; Muscle Strength - physiology ; Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine ; Original Article ; Physical Endurance - physiology ; Physiological aspects ; Resistance Training ; Sports Medicine ; Stress, Mechanical ; Universities and colleges ; Vertebrates: body movement. Posture. Locomotion. Flight. Swimming. Physical exercise. Rest. Sports ; Weight Lifting - physiology ; Weight training
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descriptionThe purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the effects of two types of resistance training protocols on the adaptation of skeletal muscle strength in older men. Thirty-seven healthy male subjects (50–64 years) participated in this study. Subjects were assigned to one of three groups: high-intensity (80% 1-RM) resistance training (RT80); low-intensity (20% 1-RM) resistance training with vascular restriction (VR-RT20); and a control group (CON) that performed no exercise. Subjects in both exercise groups performed three upper body (at 80% 1-RM) and two lower body exercises either with (20% 1-RM) or without (80% 1-RM) vascular restriction three times a week for 6 weeks. As expected, the RT80 and VR-RT20 groups had significantly ( p  < 0.01) greater strength increases in all upper body and leg press exercises compared with CON, however, absolute strength gains for the RT80 and VR-RT20 groups were similar ( p  > 0.05). It should be noted that the percentage increase in leg extension strength for the RT80 group was significantly greater than that for both the VR-RT20 ( p  < 0.05) and CON groups ( p  < 0.01), while the percentage increase in leg extension strength for the VR-RT20 group was significantly ( p  < 0.01) greater than that for the CON. The findings suggested that leg muscle strength improves with the low-load vascular restriction training and the VR-RT20 training protocol was almost as effective as the RT80 training protocol for increasing muscular strength in older men.
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6Blood Pressure
7Blood Vessels - physiology
8Body Height - physiology
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16Middle Aged
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23Resistance Training
24Sports Medicine
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26Universities and colleges
27Vertebrates: body movement. Posture. Locomotion. Flight. Swimming. Physical exercise. Rest. Sports
28Weight Lifting - physiology
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titleThe effects of low-intensity resistance training with vascular restriction on leg muscle strength in older men
authorKarabulut, Murat ; Abe, Takashi ; Sato, Yoshiaki ; Bemben, Michael G
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abstractThe purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the effects of two types of resistance training protocols on the adaptation of skeletal muscle strength in older men. Thirty-seven healthy male subjects (50–64 years) participated in this study. Subjects were assigned to one of three groups: high-intensity (80% 1-RM) resistance training (RT80); low-intensity (20% 1-RM) resistance training with vascular restriction (VR-RT20); and a control group (CON) that performed no exercise. Subjects in both exercise groups performed three upper body (at 80% 1-RM) and two lower body exercises either with (20% 1-RM) or without (80% 1-RM) vascular restriction three times a week for 6 weeks. As expected, the RT80 and VR-RT20 groups had significantly ( p  < 0.01) greater strength increases in all upper body and leg press exercises compared with CON, however, absolute strength gains for the RT80 and VR-RT20 groups were similar ( p  > 0.05). It should be noted that the percentage increase in leg extension strength for the RT80 group was significantly greater than that for both the VR-RT20 ( p  < 0.05) and CON groups ( p  < 0.01), while the percentage increase in leg extension strength for the VR-RT20 group was significantly ( p  < 0.01) greater than that for the CON. The findings suggested that leg muscle strength improves with the low-load vascular restriction training and the VR-RT20 training protocol was almost as effective as the RT80 training protocol for increasing muscular strength in older men.
copBerlin/Heidelberg
pubSpringer-Verlag
pmid19760431
doi10.1007/s00421-009-1204-5