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Total tooth loss and prevalent cardiovascular disease in men and women: Possible roles of citrus fruit consumption, vitamin C, and inflammatory and thrombotic variables

Background and Objective: Tooth loss has been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the mechanisms are unclear. We evaluated the association of total tooth loss with prevalent CVD in men and women; as well as with citrus fruit consumption, plasma vitamin C, and inflammatory and thromboti... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of clinical epidemiology 2003, Vol.56 (7), p.694-700
Main Author: Lowe, Gordon
Other Authors: Woodward, Mark , Rumley, Ann , Morrison, Caroline , Tunstall-Pedoe, Hugh , Stephen, Kenneth
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: United States: Elsevier Inc
ID: ISSN: 0895-4356
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12921939
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title: Total tooth loss and prevalent cardiovascular disease in men and women: Possible roles of citrus fruit consumption, vitamin C, and inflammatory and thrombotic variables
format: Article
creator:
  • Lowe, Gordon
  • Woodward, Mark
  • Rumley, Ann
  • Morrison, Caroline
  • Tunstall-Pedoe, Hugh
  • Stephen, Kenneth
subjects:
  • Adult
  • Age Distribution
  • Aged
  • Ascorbic Acid - blood
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Cardiovascular Diseases - blood
  • Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases - etiology
  • Citrus
  • Citrus fruits
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Dental care
  • Dental disease
  • Diet - adverse effects
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Inflammation
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mouth, Edentulous - blood
  • Mouth, Edentulous - complications
  • Mouth, Edentulous - epidemiology
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Scotland - epidemiology
  • Sex Distribution
  • Studies
  • Teeth
  • Tooth Loss - blood
  • Tooth Loss - complications
  • Tooth Loss - epidemiology
  • Vitamin C
ispartof: Journal of clinical epidemiology, 2003, Vol.56 (7), p.694-700
description: Background and Objective: Tooth loss has been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the mechanisms are unclear. We evaluated the association of total tooth loss with prevalent CVD in men and women; as well as with citrus fruit consumption, plasma vitamin C, and inflammatory and thrombotic variables. Methods: We used an age-and sex-stratified population survey, of men and women aged 25–74 years, in North Glasgow. Results: Thirty-eight percent of women and 29% of men were edentulous. Total tooth loss was associated with prevalent CVD in both sexes. After adjustment for major potential confounders (age, sex, smoking, and social class), the odds ratio (95% CI) for prevalent CVD was 1.55 (1.13, 2.13) in the edentulous. Total tooth loss was also associated with low citrus fruit consumption and low plasma vitamin C levels, increased plasma C-reactive protein in men, and with increased plasma interleukin-6, fibrinogen, and factor VIII levels in women. Conclusion: Prevalent CVD is associated with total tooth loss. Possible mechanisms include low intake of citrus fruit, and hence, low plasma vitamin C levels, and a predisposition to low-grade inflammation and thrombosis. It may be prudent to ensure adequate vitamin C intake in people with no teeth.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0895-4356
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0895-4356
  • 1878-5921
url: Link


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titleTotal tooth loss and prevalent cardiovascular disease in men and women: Possible roles of citrus fruit consumption, vitamin C, and inflammatory and thrombotic variables
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descriptionBackground and Objective: Tooth loss has been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the mechanisms are unclear. We evaluated the association of total tooth loss with prevalent CVD in men and women; as well as with citrus fruit consumption, plasma vitamin C, and inflammatory and thrombotic variables. Methods: We used an age-and sex-stratified population survey, of men and women aged 25–74 years, in North Glasgow. Results: Thirty-eight percent of women and 29% of men were edentulous. Total tooth loss was associated with prevalent CVD in both sexes. After adjustment for major potential confounders (age, sex, smoking, and social class), the odds ratio (95% CI) for prevalent CVD was 1.55 (1.13, 2.13) in the edentulous. Total tooth loss was also associated with low citrus fruit consumption and low plasma vitamin C levels, increased plasma C-reactive protein in men, and with increased plasma interleukin-6, fibrinogen, and factor VIII levels in women. Conclusion: Prevalent CVD is associated with total tooth loss. Possible mechanisms include low intake of citrus fruit, and hence, low plasma vitamin C levels, and a predisposition to low-grade inflammation and thrombosis. It may be prudent to ensure adequate vitamin C intake in people with no teeth.
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subjectAdult ; Age Distribution ; Aged ; Ascorbic Acid - blood ; Cardiovascular disease ; Cardiovascular Diseases - blood ; Cardiovascular Diseases - epidemiology ; Cardiovascular Diseases - etiology ; Citrus ; Citrus fruits ; Coronary heart disease ; Dental care ; Dental disease ; Diet - adverse effects ; Female ; Health Surveys ; Humans ; Inflammation ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Mouth, Edentulous - blood ; Mouth, Edentulous - complications ; Mouth, Edentulous - epidemiology ; Prevalence ; Risk Factors ; Scotland - epidemiology ; Sex Distribution ; Studies ; Teeth ; Tooth Loss - blood ; Tooth Loss - complications ; Tooth Loss - epidemiology ; Vitamin C
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descriptionBackground and Objective: Tooth loss has been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the mechanisms are unclear. We evaluated the association of total tooth loss with prevalent CVD in men and women; as well as with citrus fruit consumption, plasma vitamin C, and inflammatory and thrombotic variables. Methods: We used an age-and sex-stratified population survey, of men and women aged 25–74 years, in North Glasgow. Results: Thirty-eight percent of women and 29% of men were edentulous. Total tooth loss was associated with prevalent CVD in both sexes. After adjustment for major potential confounders (age, sex, smoking, and social class), the odds ratio (95% CI) for prevalent CVD was 1.55 (1.13, 2.13) in the edentulous. Total tooth loss was also associated with low citrus fruit consumption and low plasma vitamin C levels, increased plasma C-reactive protein in men, and with increased plasma interleukin-6, fibrinogen, and factor VIII levels in women. Conclusion: Prevalent CVD is associated with total tooth loss. Possible mechanisms include low intake of citrus fruit, and hence, low plasma vitamin C levels, and a predisposition to low-grade inflammation and thrombosis. It may be prudent to ensure adequate vitamin C intake in people with no teeth.
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abstractBackground and Objective: Tooth loss has been associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD), but the mechanisms are unclear. We evaluated the association of total tooth loss with prevalent CVD in men and women; as well as with citrus fruit consumption, plasma vitamin C, and inflammatory and thrombotic variables. Methods: We used an age-and sex-stratified population survey, of men and women aged 25–74 years, in North Glasgow. Results: Thirty-eight percent of women and 29% of men were edentulous. Total tooth loss was associated with prevalent CVD in both sexes. After adjustment for major potential confounders (age, sex, smoking, and social class), the odds ratio (95% CI) for prevalent CVD was 1.55 (1.13, 2.13) in the edentulous. Total tooth loss was also associated with low citrus fruit consumption and low plasma vitamin C levels, increased plasma C-reactive protein in men, and with increased plasma interleukin-6, fibrinogen, and factor VIII levels in women. Conclusion: Prevalent CVD is associated with total tooth loss. Possible mechanisms include low intake of citrus fruit, and hence, low plasma vitamin C levels, and a predisposition to low-grade inflammation and thrombosis. It may be prudent to ensure adequate vitamin C intake in people with no teeth.
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pmid12921939
doi10.1016/S0895-4356(03)00086-6