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Effect of prophylactic methicillin on cerebrospinal fluid shunt infections in children

This study retrospectively and prospectively analyzes uncomplicated, noninfected, primary ventriculoperitoneal shunting procedures and ventriculoperitoneal shunt revisions in children done at the University of Wisconsin Hospital from July 1973 to December 1979. We compared the infection rates betwee... Full description

Journal Title: Neurosurgery 1981-07, Vol.9 (1), p.6-8
Main Author: Ajir, F
Other Authors: Levin, A B , Duff, T A
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: United States
ID: ISSN: 0148-396X
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7024840
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_73733229
title: Effect of prophylactic methicillin on cerebrospinal fluid shunt infections in children
format: Article
creator:
  • Ajir, F
  • Levin, A B
  • Duff, T A
subjects:
  • Adolescent
  • Bacterial Infections - prevention & control
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts - adverse effects
  • Child
  • Escherichia coli Infections - prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Klebsiella Infections - prevention & control
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae
  • Methicillin - therapeutic use
  • Postoperative Complications - prevention & control
  • Prospective Studies
  • Proteus Infections - prevention & control
  • Pseudomonas Infections - prevention & control
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Staphylococcal Infections - prevention & control
ispartof: Neurosurgery, 1981-07, Vol.9 (1), p.6-8
description: This study retrospectively and prospectively analyzes uncomplicated, noninfected, primary ventriculoperitoneal shunting procedures and ventriculoperitoneal shunt revisions in children done at the University of Wisconsin Hospital from July 1973 to December 1979. We compared the infection rates between patients whose procedures were done without prophylactic antibiotics and those who received prophylactic single dose methicillin at the time of operation. Among 105 procedures done without prophylactic methicillin, there were 8 infections; 4 occurred after 73 primary shunt placements and 4 followed 32 shunt revisions. Among 66 procedures done with prophylactic methicillin, there were 3 infections; all followed primary shunt insertions. There was no infection after 32 shunt revisions in which prophylactic antibiotics were used.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0148-396X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0148-396X
  • 1524-4040
url: Link


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titleEffect of prophylactic methicillin on cerebrospinal fluid shunt infections in children
creatorAjir, F ; Levin, A B ; Duff, T A
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descriptionThis study retrospectively and prospectively analyzes uncomplicated, noninfected, primary ventriculoperitoneal shunting procedures and ventriculoperitoneal shunt revisions in children done at the University of Wisconsin Hospital from July 1973 to December 1979. We compared the infection rates between patients whose procedures were done without prophylactic antibiotics and those who received prophylactic single dose methicillin at the time of operation. Among 105 procedures done without prophylactic methicillin, there were 8 infections; 4 occurred after 73 primary shunt placements and 4 followed 32 shunt revisions. Among 66 procedures done with prophylactic methicillin, there were 3 infections; all followed primary shunt insertions. There was no infection after 32 shunt revisions in which prophylactic antibiotics were used.
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descriptionThis study retrospectively and prospectively analyzes uncomplicated, noninfected, primary ventriculoperitoneal shunting procedures and ventriculoperitoneal shunt revisions in children done at the University of Wisconsin Hospital from July 1973 to December 1979. We compared the infection rates between patients whose procedures were done without prophylactic antibiotics and those who received prophylactic single dose methicillin at the time of operation. Among 105 procedures done without prophylactic methicillin, there were 8 infections; 4 occurred after 73 primary shunt placements and 4 followed 32 shunt revisions. Among 66 procedures done with prophylactic methicillin, there were 3 infections; all followed primary shunt insertions. There was no infection after 32 shunt revisions in which prophylactic antibiotics were used.
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abstractThis study retrospectively and prospectively analyzes uncomplicated, noninfected, primary ventriculoperitoneal shunting procedures and ventriculoperitoneal shunt revisions in children done at the University of Wisconsin Hospital from July 1973 to December 1979. We compared the infection rates between patients whose procedures were done without prophylactic antibiotics and those who received prophylactic single dose methicillin at the time of operation. Among 105 procedures done without prophylactic methicillin, there were 8 infections; 4 occurred after 73 primary shunt placements and 4 followed 32 shunt revisions. Among 66 procedures done with prophylactic methicillin, there were 3 infections; all followed primary shunt insertions. There was no infection after 32 shunt revisions in which prophylactic antibiotics were used.
copUnited States
pmid7024840
doi10.1097/00006123-198107000-00002