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Income Inequality and Distributive Justice: A Comparative Analysis of Mainland China and Hong Kong

Over the past decades income inequality has been sharply increasing in both mainland China and Hong Kong, two Chinese societies that have distinct paths of institutional development. While previous studies on income inequality have attempted to document the trend and investigate its causes, this art... Full description

Journal Title: The China quarterly (London) 2009-12, Vol.200 (200), p.1033-1052
Main Author: Wu, Xiaogang
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
GDP
Publisher: Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press
ID: ISSN: 0305-7410
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title: Income Inequality and Distributive Justice: A Comparative Analysis of Mainland China and Hong Kong
format: Article
creator:
  • Wu, Xiaogang
subjects:
  • Analysis
  • Asian studies
  • Attitude surveys
  • Attitudes
  • Capitalism
  • China
  • Chinese languages
  • Comparative Analysis
  • Comparative studies
  • Consumption
  • Data collection
  • Disposable income
  • Distributive Justice
  • Economic development
  • Economic growth
  • Economic reform
  • Egalitarianism
  • Equity
  • Fairness
  • Family income
  • Forecasts and trends
  • GDP
  • Gini coefficient
  • Gini index
  • Government officials
  • Gross Domestic Product
  • Hong Kong
  • Household income
  • Households
  • Income Distribution
  • Income Inequality
  • Institutionalism
  • Legitimacy
  • Low income groups
  • Peoples Republic of China
  • Per capita
  • Public opinion
  • Rural areas
  • Social inequality
  • Social justice
  • Social perception
  • Social surveys
  • Tolerance
  • Transition economies
  • Trends
ispartof: The China quarterly (London), 2009-12, Vol.200 (200), p.1033-1052
description: Over the past decades income inequality has been sharply increasing in both mainland China and Hong Kong, two Chinese societies that have distinct paths of institutional development. While previous studies on income inequality have attempted to document the trend and investigate its causes, this article focuses on people's perceptions of legitimate income inequality and how these perceptions are related to their attitude towards inequality. Analyses of data collected in separate population surveys in China (2005) and Hong Kong (2007) reveal a higher degree of tolerance of income inequality and a higher degree of perceived fairness of income distribution in Hong Kong than in the mainland. In both societies, such normative support for income inequality is positively associated with people's perceptions of opportunities.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0305-7410
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0305-7410
  • 1468-2648
url: Link


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descriptionOver the past decades income inequality has been sharply increasing in both mainland China and Hong Kong, two Chinese societies that have distinct paths of institutional development. While previous studies on income inequality have attempted to document the trend and investigate its causes, this article focuses on people's perceptions of legitimate income inequality and how these perceptions are related to their attitude towards inequality. Analyses of data collected in separate population surveys in China (2005) and Hong Kong (2007) reveal a higher degree of tolerance of income inequality and a higher degree of perceived fairness of income distribution in Hong Kong than in the mainland. In both societies, such normative support for income inequality is positively associated with people's perceptions of opportunities.
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subjectAnalysis ; Asian studies ; Attitude surveys ; Attitudes ; Capitalism ; China ; Chinese languages ; Comparative Analysis ; Comparative studies ; Consumption ; Data collection ; Disposable income ; Distributive Justice ; Economic development ; Economic growth ; Economic reform ; Egalitarianism ; Equity ; Fairness ; Family income ; Forecasts and trends ; GDP ; Gini coefficient ; Gini index ; Government officials ; Gross Domestic Product ; Hong Kong ; Household income ; Households ; Income Distribution ; Income Inequality ; Institutionalism ; Legitimacy ; Low income groups ; Peoples Republic of China ; Per capita ; Public opinion ; Rural areas ; Social inequality ; Social justice ; Social perception ; Social surveys ; Tolerance ; Transition economies ; Trends
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abstractOver the past decades income inequality has been sharply increasing in both mainland China and Hong Kong, two Chinese societies that have distinct paths of institutional development. While previous studies on income inequality have attempted to document the trend and investigate its causes, this article focuses on people's perceptions of legitimate income inequality and how these perceptions are related to their attitude towards inequality. Analyses of data collected in separate population surveys in China (2005) and Hong Kong (2007) reveal a higher degree of tolerance of income inequality and a higher degree of perceived fairness of income distribution in Hong Kong than in the mainland. In both societies, such normative support for income inequality is positively associated with people's perceptions of opportunities.
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