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A cross-sectional study of sarcopenia in Japanese men and women: reference values and association with cardiovascular risk factors

In this study of Japanese men and women, we determine reference values for sarcopenia and test the hypothesis that sarcopenia is associated with risk factors for cardiovascular disease, independent of waist circumference. A total of 1,488 Japanese men and women aged 18–85 years participated in this... Full description

Journal Title: European journal of applied physiology 2010-04-14, Vol.110 (1), p.57-65
Main Author: Sanada, K
Other Authors: Miyachi, M , Tanimoto, M , Yamamoto, K , Murakami, H , Okumura, S , Gando, Y , Suzuki, K , Tabata, I , Higuchi, M
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
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Publisher: Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag
ID: ISSN: 1439-6319
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title: A cross-sectional study of sarcopenia in Japanese men and women: reference values and association with cardiovascular risk factors
format: Article
creator:
  • Sanada, K
  • Miyachi, M
  • Tanimoto, M
  • Yamamoto, K
  • Murakami, H
  • Okumura, S
  • Gando, Y
  • Suzuki, K
  • Tabata, I
  • Higuchi, M
subjects:
  • Absorptiometry, Photon
  • Adiposity - ethnology
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Ankle Brachial Index
  • Arteries - physiopathology
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group - statistics & numerical data
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Biomarkers - blood
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Biomedicine
  • Blood proteins
  • Body Mass Index
  • Bone densitometry
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Cardiovascular Diseases - blood
  • Cardiovascular Diseases - ethnology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases - physiopathology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Elasticity
  • Female
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A - analysis
  • Human Physiology
  • Humans
  • Japan - epidemiology
  • Male
  • Medical research
  • Medicine, Experimental
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle, Skeletal - diagnostic imaging
  • Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine
  • Original Article
  • Reference Values
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Sarcopenia
  • Sarcopenia - blood
  • Sarcopenia - diagnostic imaging
  • Sarcopenia - ethnology
  • Sarcopenia - physiopathology
  • Sex Factors
  • Sports Medicine
  • Sports sciences
  • Universities and colleges
  • Vertebrates: body movement. Posture. Locomotion. Flight. Swimming. Physical exercise. Rest. Sports
  • Waist Circumference
  • Wave propagation
  • Young Adult
ispartof: European journal of applied physiology, 2010-04-14, Vol.110 (1), p.57-65
description: In this study of Japanese men and women, we determine reference values for sarcopenia and test the hypothesis that sarcopenia is associated with risk factors for cardiovascular disease, independent of waist circumference. A total of 1,488 Japanese men and women aged 18–85 years participated in this study. Appendicular muscle mass (AMM) was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Reference values for classes 1 and 2 sarcopenia (skeletal muscle index: AMM/height 2 , kg m −2 ) in each sex were defined as values one and two standard deviations below the sex-specific means of reference values obtained in this study from young adults aged 18–40 years. The reference values for class 1 and class 2 sarcopenia were 7.77 and 6.87 kg m −2 in men and 6.12 and 5.46 kg m −2 in women. In subjects both with class 1 and class 2 sarcopenia, body mass index and % body fat were significantly lower than in normal subjects. Despite whole-blood glycohaemoglobin A1c in men with class 1 sarcopenia was significantly higher than in normal subjects, and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity in women both with class 1 and class 2 sarcopenia were significantly higher than in normal subjects, using one-way ANCOVA with adjustment for the covariate of waist circumference. Although sarcopenia is associated with thin body mass, it is associated with more glycation of serum proteins in men and with greater arterial stiffness in women, independent of waist circumference.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1439-6319
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 1439-6319
  • 1439-6327
url: Link


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titleA cross-sectional study of sarcopenia in Japanese men and women: reference values and association with cardiovascular risk factors
creatorSanada, K ; Miyachi, M ; Tanimoto, M ; Yamamoto, K ; Murakami, H ; Okumura, S ; Gando, Y ; Suzuki, K ; Tabata, I ; Higuchi, M
creatorcontribSanada, K ; Miyachi, M ; Tanimoto, M ; Yamamoto, K ; Murakami, H ; Okumura, S ; Gando, Y ; Suzuki, K ; Tabata, I ; Higuchi, M
descriptionIn this study of Japanese men and women, we determine reference values for sarcopenia and test the hypothesis that sarcopenia is associated with risk factors for cardiovascular disease, independent of waist circumference. A total of 1,488 Japanese men and women aged 18–85 years participated in this study. Appendicular muscle mass (AMM) was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Reference values for classes 1 and 2 sarcopenia (skeletal muscle index: AMM/height 2 , kg m −2 ) in each sex were defined as values one and two standard deviations below the sex-specific means of reference values obtained in this study from young adults aged 18–40 years. The reference values for class 1 and class 2 sarcopenia were 7.77 and 6.87 kg m −2 in men and 6.12 and 5.46 kg m −2 in women. In subjects both with class 1 and class 2 sarcopenia, body mass index and % body fat were significantly lower than in normal subjects. Despite whole-blood glycohaemoglobin A1c in men with class 1 sarcopenia was significantly higher than in normal subjects, and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity in women both with class 1 and class 2 sarcopenia were significantly higher than in normal subjects, using one-way ANCOVA with adjustment for the covariate of waist circumference. Although sarcopenia is associated with thin body mass, it is associated with more glycation of serum proteins in men and with greater arterial stiffness in women, independent of waist circumference.
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languageeng
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subjectAbsorptiometry, Photon ; Adiposity - ethnology ; Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Ankle Brachial Index ; Arteries - physiopathology ; Asian Continental Ancestry Group - statistics & numerical data ; Biological and medical sciences ; Biomarkers - blood ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Biomedicine ; Blood proteins ; Body Mass Index ; Bone densitometry ; Cardiovascular diseases ; Cardiovascular Diseases - blood ; Cardiovascular Diseases - ethnology ; Cardiovascular Diseases - physiopathology ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Elasticity ; Female ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; Glycated Hemoglobin A - analysis ; Human Physiology ; Humans ; Japan - epidemiology ; Male ; Medical research ; Medicine, Experimental ; Middle Aged ; Muscle, Skeletal - diagnostic imaging ; Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine ; Original Article ; Reference Values ; Risk Assessment ; Risk Factors ; Sarcopenia ; Sarcopenia - blood ; Sarcopenia - diagnostic imaging ; Sarcopenia - ethnology ; Sarcopenia - physiopathology ; Sex Factors ; Sports Medicine ; Sports sciences ; Universities and colleges ; Vertebrates: body movement. Posture. Locomotion. Flight. Swimming. Physical exercise. Rest. Sports ; Waist Circumference ; Wave propagation ; Young Adult
ispartofEuropean journal of applied physiology, 2010-04-14, Vol.110 (1), p.57-65
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8Tabata, I
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descriptionIn this study of Japanese men and women, we determine reference values for sarcopenia and test the hypothesis that sarcopenia is associated with risk factors for cardiovascular disease, independent of waist circumference. A total of 1,488 Japanese men and women aged 18–85 years participated in this study. Appendicular muscle mass (AMM) was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Reference values for classes 1 and 2 sarcopenia (skeletal muscle index: AMM/height 2 , kg m −2 ) in each sex were defined as values one and two standard deviations below the sex-specific means of reference values obtained in this study from young adults aged 18–40 years. The reference values for class 1 and class 2 sarcopenia were 7.77 and 6.87 kg m −2 in men and 6.12 and 5.46 kg m −2 in women. In subjects both with class 1 and class 2 sarcopenia, body mass index and % body fat were significantly lower than in normal subjects. Despite whole-blood glycohaemoglobin A1c in men with class 1 sarcopenia was significantly higher than in normal subjects, and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity in women both with class 1 and class 2 sarcopenia were significantly higher than in normal subjects, using one-way ANCOVA with adjustment for the covariate of waist circumference. Although sarcopenia is associated with thin body mass, it is associated with more glycation of serum proteins in men and with greater arterial stiffness in women, independent of waist circumference.
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19Cross-Sectional Studies
20Elasticity
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22Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
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26Japan - epidemiology
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30Middle Aged
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39Sarcopenia - diagnostic imaging
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41Sarcopenia - physiopathology
42Sex Factors
43Sports Medicine
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45Universities and colleges
46Vertebrates: body movement. Posture. Locomotion. Flight. Swimming. Physical exercise. Rest. Sports
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48Wave propagation
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titleA cross-sectional study of sarcopenia in Japanese men and women: reference values and association with cardiovascular risk factors
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1Adiposity - ethnology
2Adolescent
3Adult
4Aged
5Ankle Brachial Index
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7Asian Continental Ancestry Group - statistics & numerical data
8Biological and medical sciences
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13Body Mass Index
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16Cardiovascular Diseases - blood
17Cardiovascular Diseases - ethnology
18Cardiovascular Diseases - physiopathology
19Cross-Sectional Studies
20Elasticity
21Female
22Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
23Glycated Hemoglobin A - analysis
24Human Physiology
25Humans
26Japan - epidemiology
27Male
28Medical research
29Medicine, Experimental
30Middle Aged
31Muscle, Skeletal - diagnostic imaging
32Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine
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34Reference Values
35Risk Assessment
36Risk Factors
37Sarcopenia
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39Sarcopenia - diagnostic imaging
40Sarcopenia - ethnology
41Sarcopenia - physiopathology
42Sex Factors
43Sports Medicine
44Sports sciences
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47Waist Circumference
48Wave propagation
49Young Adult
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abstractIn this study of Japanese men and women, we determine reference values for sarcopenia and test the hypothesis that sarcopenia is associated with risk factors for cardiovascular disease, independent of waist circumference. A total of 1,488 Japanese men and women aged 18–85 years participated in this study. Appendicular muscle mass (AMM) was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Reference values for classes 1 and 2 sarcopenia (skeletal muscle index: AMM/height 2 , kg m −2 ) in each sex were defined as values one and two standard deviations below the sex-specific means of reference values obtained in this study from young adults aged 18–40 years. The reference values for class 1 and class 2 sarcopenia were 7.77 and 6.87 kg m −2 in men and 6.12 and 5.46 kg m −2 in women. In subjects both with class 1 and class 2 sarcopenia, body mass index and % body fat were significantly lower than in normal subjects. Despite whole-blood glycohaemoglobin A1c in men with class 1 sarcopenia was significantly higher than in normal subjects, and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity in women both with class 1 and class 2 sarcopenia were significantly higher than in normal subjects, using one-way ANCOVA with adjustment for the covariate of waist circumference. Although sarcopenia is associated with thin body mass, it is associated with more glycation of serum proteins in men and with greater arterial stiffness in women, independent of waist circumference.
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