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Nutritional status of children with moderate chronic renal failure

Nutritional status was evaluated in 15 children (11 males) with moderate chronic renal failure (CRF). Two 3-day prospective dietary records, anthropometric measures and biochemical determinations were performed 3 months apart. Energy, protein, carbohydrate, fat, polyunsaturated, monounsaturated and... Full description

Journal Title: Pediatric nephrology (Berlin West), 1995, Vol.9 (1), p.52-56
Main Author: OREJAS, G
Other Authors: SANTOS, F , MALAGA, S , REY, C , COBO, A , SIMARRO, M
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Heidelberg: Springer
ID: ISSN: 0931-041X
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_77260632
title: Nutritional status of children with moderate chronic renal failure
format: Article
creator:
  • OREJAS, G
  • SANTOS, F
  • MALAGA, S
  • REY, C
  • COBO, A
  • SIMARRO, M
subjects:
  • Adolescent
  • Anthropometry
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Biomarkers
  • Body Height - physiology
  • Body Weight - physiology
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diet
  • Energy Intake - physiology
  • Female
  • Glomerular Filtration Rate - physiology
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic - blood
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic - physiopathology
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic - urine
  • Male
  • Medical sciences
  • Nephrology. Urinary tract diseases
  • Nephropathies. Renovascular diseases. Renal failure
  • Nutritional Status - physiology
  • Prospective Studies
  • Renal failure
ispartof: Pediatric nephrology (Berlin, West), 1995, Vol.9 (1), p.52-56
description: Nutritional status was evaluated in 15 children (11 males) with moderate chronic renal failure (CRF). Two 3-day prospective dietary records, anthropometric measures and biochemical determinations were performed 3 months apart. Energy, protein, carbohydrate, fat, polyunsaturated, monounsaturated and saturated fatty acid intakes, expressed as percentages of international recommendations, were 87 +/- 14, 223 +/- 42, 73 +/- 12, 110 +/- 27, 55 +/- 31, 129 +/- 51 and 111 +/- 26%, respectively. The relative distribution of calories was 15 +/- 2% from proteins, 48 +/- 5% from carbohydrates and 37 +/- 5% from lipids. Anthropometric indices, expressed as standard deviation score, were: weight -0.50 +/- 0.8, height -0.94 +/- 1.3, growth velocity -0.61 +/- 1.8, triceps skinfold thickness -0.30 +/- 0.6, subscapular skinfold thickness -0.19 +/- 0.8, mid-arm muscle circumference 0.38 +/- 0.3 and body mass index -0.22 +/- 1.0. Serum concentrations of albumin, total protein, transferrin, IgG, IgA, IgM, C3 and C4 and blood lymphocyte counts were within normal limits. The mean serum insulin-like growth factor-I concentration, expressed as standard deviation score, as 0.74 +/- 1.5. No anthropometric or biochemical signs of malnutrition were found in children with moderate CRF. However, their dietary intake of calories and carbohydrates was low and the protein and saturated fatty acid intake excessively high.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0931-041X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0931-041X
  • 1432-198X
url: Link


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descriptionNutritional status was evaluated in 15 children (11 males) with moderate chronic renal failure (CRF). Two 3-day prospective dietary records, anthropometric measures and biochemical determinations were performed 3 months apart. Energy, protein, carbohydrate, fat, polyunsaturated, monounsaturated and saturated fatty acid intakes, expressed as percentages of international recommendations, were 87 +/- 14, 223 +/- 42, 73 +/- 12, 110 +/- 27, 55 +/- 31, 129 +/- 51 and 111 +/- 26%, respectively. The relative distribution of calories was 15 +/- 2% from proteins, 48 +/- 5% from carbohydrates and 37 +/- 5% from lipids. Anthropometric indices, expressed as standard deviation score, were: weight -0.50 +/- 0.8, height -0.94 +/- 1.3, growth velocity -0.61 +/- 1.8, triceps skinfold thickness -0.30 +/- 0.6, subscapular skinfold thickness -0.19 +/- 0.8, mid-arm muscle circumference 0.38 +/- 0.3 and body mass index -0.22 +/- 1.0. Serum concentrations of albumin, total protein, transferrin, IgG, IgA, IgM, C3 and C4 and blood lymphocyte counts were within normal limits. The mean serum insulin-like growth factor-I concentration, expressed as standard deviation score, as 0.74 +/- 1.5. No anthropometric or biochemical signs of malnutrition were found in children with moderate CRF. However, their dietary intake of calories and carbohydrates was low and the protein and saturated fatty acid intake excessively high.
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subjectAdolescent ; Anthropometry ; Biological and medical sciences ; Biomarkers ; Body Height - physiology ; Body Weight - physiology ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Diet ; Energy Intake - physiology ; Female ; Glomerular Filtration Rate - physiology ; Humans ; Infant ; Kidney Failure, Chronic - blood ; Kidney Failure, Chronic - physiopathology ; Kidney Failure, Chronic - urine ; Male ; Medical sciences ; Nephrology. Urinary tract diseases ; Nephropathies. Renovascular diseases. Renal failure ; Nutritional Status - physiology ; Prospective Studies ; Renal failure
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descriptionNutritional status was evaluated in 15 children (11 males) with moderate chronic renal failure (CRF). Two 3-day prospective dietary records, anthropometric measures and biochemical determinations were performed 3 months apart. Energy, protein, carbohydrate, fat, polyunsaturated, monounsaturated and saturated fatty acid intakes, expressed as percentages of international recommendations, were 87 +/- 14, 223 +/- 42, 73 +/- 12, 110 +/- 27, 55 +/- 31, 129 +/- 51 and 111 +/- 26%, respectively. The relative distribution of calories was 15 +/- 2% from proteins, 48 +/- 5% from carbohydrates and 37 +/- 5% from lipids. Anthropometric indices, expressed as standard deviation score, were: weight -0.50 +/- 0.8, height -0.94 +/- 1.3, growth velocity -0.61 +/- 1.8, triceps skinfold thickness -0.30 +/- 0.6, subscapular skinfold thickness -0.19 +/- 0.8, mid-arm muscle circumference 0.38 +/- 0.3 and body mass index -0.22 +/- 1.0. Serum concentrations of albumin, total protein, transferrin, IgG, IgA, IgM, C3 and C4 and blood lymphocyte counts were within normal limits. The mean serum insulin-like growth factor-I concentration, expressed as standard deviation score, as 0.74 +/- 1.5. No anthropometric or biochemical signs of malnutrition were found in children with moderate CRF. However, their dietary intake of calories and carbohydrates was low and the protein and saturated fatty acid intake excessively high.
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3Biomarkers
4Body Height - physiology
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11Glomerular Filtration Rate - physiology
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22Prospective Studies
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20Nephropathies. Renovascular diseases. Renal failure
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22Prospective Studies
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abstractNutritional status was evaluated in 15 children (11 males) with moderate chronic renal failure (CRF). Two 3-day prospective dietary records, anthropometric measures and biochemical determinations were performed 3 months apart. Energy, protein, carbohydrate, fat, polyunsaturated, monounsaturated and saturated fatty acid intakes, expressed as percentages of international recommendations, were 87 +/- 14, 223 +/- 42, 73 +/- 12, 110 +/- 27, 55 +/- 31, 129 +/- 51 and 111 +/- 26%, respectively. The relative distribution of calories was 15 +/- 2% from proteins, 48 +/- 5% from carbohydrates and 37 +/- 5% from lipids. Anthropometric indices, expressed as standard deviation score, were: weight -0.50 +/- 0.8, height -0.94 +/- 1.3, growth velocity -0.61 +/- 1.8, triceps skinfold thickness -0.30 +/- 0.6, subscapular skinfold thickness -0.19 +/- 0.8, mid-arm muscle circumference 0.38 +/- 0.3 and body mass index -0.22 +/- 1.0. Serum concentrations of albumin, total protein, transferrin, IgG, IgA, IgM, C3 and C4 and blood lymphocyte counts were within normal limits. The mean serum insulin-like growth factor-I concentration, expressed as standard deviation score, as 0.74 +/- 1.5. No anthropometric or biochemical signs of malnutrition were found in children with moderate CRF. However, their dietary intake of calories and carbohydrates was low and the protein and saturated fatty acid intake excessively high.
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