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Effect of space flight on cytokine production and other immunologic parameters of rhesus monkeys

During a recent flight of a Russian satellite (Cosmos #2229), initial experiments examining the effects of space flight on immunologic responses of rhesus monkeys were performed to gain insight into the effect of space flight on resistance to infection. Experiments were performed on tissue samples t... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of interferon & cytokine research 1996-05-01, Vol.16 (5), p.409-415
Main Author: Sonnenfeld, G.
Other Authors: Davis, S. , Taylor, G. R. , Mandel, A. D. , Konstantinova, I. V. , Lesnyak, A. , Fuchs, B. B. , Peres, C. , Tkackzuk, J. , Schmitt, D. A.
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Legacy CDMS
ID: ISSN: 1079-9907
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8727082
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title: Effect of space flight on cytokine production and other immunologic parameters of rhesus monkeys
format: Article
creator:
  • Sonnenfeld, G.
  • Davis, S.
  • Taylor, G. R.
  • Mandel, A. D.
  • Konstantinova, I. V.
  • Lesnyak, A.
  • Fuchs, B. B.
  • Peres, C.
  • Tkackzuk, J.
  • Schmitt, D. A.
subjects:
  • Animals
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor - physiology
  • Humans
  • Interleukin-1 - biosynthesis
  • Leukocytes, Mononuclear - metabolism
  • Life Sciences (General)
  • Macaca mulatta
  • Male
  • Models, Biological
  • Receptors, Interleukin-2 - biosynthesis
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Space Flight
  • Space life sciences
ispartof: Journal of interferon & cytokine research, 1996-05-01, Vol.16 (5), p.409-415
description: During a recent flight of a Russian satellite (Cosmos #2229), initial experiments examining the effects of space flight on immunologic responses of rhesus monkeys were performed to gain insight into the effect of space flight on resistance to infection. Experiments were performed on tissue samples taken from the monkeys before and immediately after flight. Additional samples were obtained approximately 1 month after flight for a postflight restraint study. Two types of experiments were carried out throughout this study. The first experiment determined the ability of leukocytes to produce interleukin-1 and to express interleukin-2 receptors. The second experiment examined the responsiveness of rhesus bone marrow cells to recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). Human reagents that cross-reacted with monkey tissue were utilized for the bulk of the studies. Results from both studies indicated that there were changes in immunologic function attributable to space flight. Interleukin-1 production and the expression of interleukin-2 receptors was decreased after space flight. Bone marrow cells from flight monkeys showed a significant decrease in their response to GM-CSF compared with the response of bone marrow cells from nonflight control monkeys. These results suggest that the rhesus monkey may be a useful surrogate for humans in future studies that examine the effect of space flight on immune response, particularly when conditions do not readily permit human study.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1079-9907
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 1079-9907
  • 1557-7465
url: Link


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titleEffect of space flight on cytokine production and other immunologic parameters of rhesus monkeys
creatorSonnenfeld, G. ; Davis, S. ; Taylor, G. R. ; Mandel, A. D. ; Konstantinova, I. V. ; Lesnyak, A. ; Fuchs, B. B. ; Peres, C. ; Tkackzuk, J. ; Schmitt, D. A.
creatorcontribSonnenfeld, G. ; Davis, S. ; Taylor, G. R. ; Mandel, A. D. ; Konstantinova, I. V. ; Lesnyak, A. ; Fuchs, B. B. ; Peres, C. ; Tkackzuk, J. ; Schmitt, D. A.
descriptionDuring a recent flight of a Russian satellite (Cosmos #2229), initial experiments examining the effects of space flight on immunologic responses of rhesus monkeys were performed to gain insight into the effect of space flight on resistance to infection. Experiments were performed on tissue samples taken from the monkeys before and immediately after flight. Additional samples were obtained approximately 1 month after flight for a postflight restraint study. Two types of experiments were carried out throughout this study. The first experiment determined the ability of leukocytes to produce interleukin-1 and to express interleukin-2 receptors. The second experiment examined the responsiveness of rhesus bone marrow cells to recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). Human reagents that cross-reacted with monkey tissue were utilized for the bulk of the studies. Results from both studies indicated that there were changes in immunologic function attributable to space flight. Interleukin-1 production and the expression of interleukin-2 receptors was decreased after space flight. Bone marrow cells from flight monkeys showed a significant decrease in their response to GM-CSF compared with the response of bone marrow cells from nonflight control monkeys. These results suggest that the rhesus monkey may be a useful surrogate for humans in future studies that examine the effect of space flight on immune response, particularly when conditions do not readily permit human study.
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subjectAnimals ; Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor - physiology ; Humans ; Interleukin-1 - biosynthesis ; Leukocytes, Mononuclear - metabolism ; Life Sciences (General) ; Macaca mulatta ; Male ; Models, Biological ; Receptors, Interleukin-2 - biosynthesis ; Reproducibility of Results ; Space Flight ; Space life sciences
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descriptionDuring a recent flight of a Russian satellite (Cosmos #2229), initial experiments examining the effects of space flight on immunologic responses of rhesus monkeys were performed to gain insight into the effect of space flight on resistance to infection. Experiments were performed on tissue samples taken from the monkeys before and immediately after flight. Additional samples were obtained approximately 1 month after flight for a postflight restraint study. Two types of experiments were carried out throughout this study. The first experiment determined the ability of leukocytes to produce interleukin-1 and to express interleukin-2 receptors. The second experiment examined the responsiveness of rhesus bone marrow cells to recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). Human reagents that cross-reacted with monkey tissue were utilized for the bulk of the studies. Results from both studies indicated that there were changes in immunologic function attributable to space flight. Interleukin-1 production and the expression of interleukin-2 receptors was decreased after space flight. Bone marrow cells from flight monkeys showed a significant decrease in their response to GM-CSF compared with the response of bone marrow cells from nonflight control monkeys. These results suggest that the rhesus monkey may be a useful surrogate for humans in future studies that examine the effect of space flight on immune response, particularly when conditions do not readily permit human study.
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titleEffect of space flight on cytokine production and other immunologic parameters of rhesus monkeys
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abstractDuring a recent flight of a Russian satellite (Cosmos #2229), initial experiments examining the effects of space flight on immunologic responses of rhesus monkeys were performed to gain insight into the effect of space flight on resistance to infection. Experiments were performed on tissue samples taken from the monkeys before and immediately after flight. Additional samples were obtained approximately 1 month after flight for a postflight restraint study. Two types of experiments were carried out throughout this study. The first experiment determined the ability of leukocytes to produce interleukin-1 and to express interleukin-2 receptors. The second experiment examined the responsiveness of rhesus bone marrow cells to recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). Human reagents that cross-reacted with monkey tissue were utilized for the bulk of the studies. Results from both studies indicated that there were changes in immunologic function attributable to space flight. Interleukin-1 production and the expression of interleukin-2 receptors was decreased after space flight. Bone marrow cells from flight monkeys showed a significant decrease in their response to GM-CSF compared with the response of bone marrow cells from nonflight control monkeys. These results suggest that the rhesus monkey may be a useful surrogate for humans in future studies that examine the effect of space flight on immune response, particularly when conditions do not readily permit human study.
copLegacy CDMS
pmid8727082
doi10.1089/jir.1996.16.409