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Sapporo-like human caliciviruses are genetically and antigenically diverse

The Sapporo-like human caliciviruses (HuCVs) comprise one of three genogroups of HuCVs associated with acute gastroenteritis. Phylogenetic analysis has shown that Sapporo-like HuCVs are related more closely to animal caliciviruses than to other known HuCVs. We produced 3.2 kb cDNA fragments from the... Full description

Journal Title: Archives of virology 1997, Vol.142 (9), p.1813-1827
Main Author: Jiang, X
Other Authors: Cubitt, W. D , Berke, T , Zhong, W , Dai, X , Nakata, S , Pickering, L. K , Matson, D. O
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Wien: Springer-Verlag
ID: ISSN: 0304-8608
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_79614351
title: Sapporo-like human caliciviruses are genetically and antigenically diverse
format: Article
creator:
  • Jiang, X
  • Cubitt, W. D
  • Berke, T
  • Zhong, W
  • Dai, X
  • Nakata, S
  • Pickering, L. K
  • Matson, D. O
subjects:
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Analysis
  • Animals
  • Antigens, Viral - immunology
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Caliciviridae - classification
  • Caliciviridae - genetics
  • Caliciviridae - immunology
  • Caliciviridae Infections - virology
  • Capsid - chemistry
  • Capsid - genetics
  • Child
  • children
  • Children's hospitals
  • Cladistic analysis
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • complementary DNA
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Enzymes
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Gastroenteritis - virology
  • genes
  • Genetic transcription
  • Genetics
  • Genome, Viral
  • Humans
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Open Reading Frames
  • Phylogeny
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sequence Alignment
  • sequence analysis
  • translation (genetics)
  • Virology
  • viruses
ispartof: Archives of virology, 1997, Vol.142 (9), p.1813-1827
description: The Sapporo-like human caliciviruses (HuCVs) comprise one of three genogroups of HuCVs associated with acute gastroenteritis. Phylogenetic analysis has shown that Sapporo-like HuCVs are related more closely to animal caliciviruses than to other known HuCVs. We produced 3.2 kb cDNA fragments from the 3′ end to three Sapporo-like HuCVs that were associated with acute gastroenteritis in children (Houston/86, Houston/90, and London/92). Sequence analysis of the 3.2 kb cDNAs showed that two of the three viruses had a genomic organization similar to that of other Sapporo-like strains and the third strain (London/92) lacked an open reading frame overlapping the 5′ end of the capsid gene. Alignment of the capsid sequences of these three strains showed 44–78% amino acid identity among the three strains. Phylogenetic analysis of the aligned sequences indicated the three strains are related but each belongs to a distinct genetic cluster. The genetic differences are associated with antigenic differences in that an enzyme immune assay (EIA) specific for the prototype Sapporo/82 strain detected the Houston/86 strain, but not the Houston/90 and London/92 strains. In vitro transcription and translation of viral cDNA containing the predicted capsid gene of Houston/90 resulted in a protein of 63 K, which is immunoprecipitated by sera from children infected with the strain. Genetically and antigenically distinct strains in the Sapporo-like HuCVs have not been described previously and the occurrence of such diverse strains in the same community likely increases the importance of these strains as a cause of illness in children.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0304-8608
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0304-8608
  • 1432-8798
url: Link


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titleSapporo-like human caliciviruses are genetically and antigenically diverse
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creatorcontribJiang, X ; Cubitt, W. D ; Berke, T ; Zhong, W ; Dai, X ; Nakata, S ; Pickering, L. K ; Matson, D. O
descriptionThe Sapporo-like human caliciviruses (HuCVs) comprise one of three genogroups of HuCVs associated with acute gastroenteritis. Phylogenetic analysis has shown that Sapporo-like HuCVs are related more closely to animal caliciviruses than to other known HuCVs. We produced 3.2 kb cDNA fragments from the 3′ end to three Sapporo-like HuCVs that were associated with acute gastroenteritis in children (Houston/86, Houston/90, and London/92). Sequence analysis of the 3.2 kb cDNAs showed that two of the three viruses had a genomic organization similar to that of other Sapporo-like strains and the third strain (London/92) lacked an open reading frame overlapping the 5′ end of the capsid gene. Alignment of the capsid sequences of these three strains showed 44–78% amino acid identity among the three strains. Phylogenetic analysis of the aligned sequences indicated the three strains are related but each belongs to a distinct genetic cluster. The genetic differences are associated with antigenic differences in that an enzyme immune assay (EIA) specific for the prototype Sapporo/82 strain detected the Houston/86 strain, but not the Houston/90 and London/92 strains. In vitro transcription and translation of viral cDNA containing the predicted capsid gene of Houston/90 resulted in a protein of 63 K, which is immunoprecipitated by sera from children infected with the strain. Genetically and antigenically distinct strains in the Sapporo-like HuCVs have not been described previously and the occurrence of such diverse strains in the same community likely increases the importance of these strains as a cause of illness in children.
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subjectAmino Acid Sequence ; Analysis ; Animals ; Antigens, Viral - immunology ; Biological and medical sciences ; Caliciviridae - classification ; Caliciviridae - genetics ; Caliciviridae - immunology ; Caliciviridae Infections - virology ; Capsid - chemistry ; Capsid - genetics ; Child ; children ; Children's hospitals ; Cladistic analysis ; Cloning, Molecular ; complementary DNA ; DNA, Complementary ; Enzymes ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; Gastroenteritis ; Gastroenteritis - virology ; genes ; Genetic transcription ; Genetics ; Genome, Viral ; Humans ; Immunoenzyme Techniques ; Microbiology ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Open Reading Frames ; Phylogeny ; Polymerase Chain Reaction ; Sequence Alignment ; sequence analysis ; translation (genetics) ; Virology ; viruses
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addtitleArch Virol
descriptionThe Sapporo-like human caliciviruses (HuCVs) comprise one of three genogroups of HuCVs associated with acute gastroenteritis. Phylogenetic analysis has shown that Sapporo-like HuCVs are related more closely to animal caliciviruses than to other known HuCVs. We produced 3.2 kb cDNA fragments from the 3′ end to three Sapporo-like HuCVs that were associated with acute gastroenteritis in children (Houston/86, Houston/90, and London/92). Sequence analysis of the 3.2 kb cDNAs showed that two of the three viruses had a genomic organization similar to that of other Sapporo-like strains and the third strain (London/92) lacked an open reading frame overlapping the 5′ end of the capsid gene. Alignment of the capsid sequences of these three strains showed 44–78% amino acid identity among the three strains. Phylogenetic analysis of the aligned sequences indicated the three strains are related but each belongs to a distinct genetic cluster. The genetic differences are associated with antigenic differences in that an enzyme immune assay (EIA) specific for the prototype Sapporo/82 strain detected the Houston/86 strain, but not the Houston/90 and London/92 strains. In vitro transcription and translation of viral cDNA containing the predicted capsid gene of Houston/90 resulted in a protein of 63 K, which is immunoprecipitated by sera from children infected with the strain. Genetically and antigenically distinct strains in the Sapporo-like HuCVs have not been described previously and the occurrence of such diverse strains in the same community likely increases the importance of these strains as a cause of illness in children.
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0Amino Acid Sequence
1Analysis
2Animals
3Antigens, Viral - immunology
4Biological and medical sciences
5Caliciviridae - classification
6Caliciviridae - genetics
7Caliciviridae - immunology
8Caliciviridae Infections - virology
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10Capsid - genetics
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17DNA, Complementary
18Enzymes
19Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
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21Gastroenteritis - virology
22genes
23Genetic transcription
24Genetics
25Genome, Viral
26Humans
27Immunoenzyme Techniques
28Microbiology
29Molecular Sequence Data
30Open Reading Frames
31Phylogeny
32Polymerase Chain Reaction
33Sequence Alignment
34sequence analysis
35translation (genetics)
36Virology
37viruses
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authorJiang, X ; Cubitt, W. D ; Berke, T ; Zhong, W ; Dai, X ; Nakata, S ; Pickering, L. K ; Matson, D. O
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1Analysis
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28Microbiology
29Molecular Sequence Data
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31Phylogeny
32Polymerase Chain Reaction
33Sequence Alignment
34sequence analysis
35translation (genetics)
36Virology
37viruses
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abstractThe Sapporo-like human caliciviruses (HuCVs) comprise one of three genogroups of HuCVs associated with acute gastroenteritis. Phylogenetic analysis has shown that Sapporo-like HuCVs are related more closely to animal caliciviruses than to other known HuCVs. We produced 3.2 kb cDNA fragments from the 3′ end to three Sapporo-like HuCVs that were associated with acute gastroenteritis in children (Houston/86, Houston/90, and London/92). Sequence analysis of the 3.2 kb cDNAs showed that two of the three viruses had a genomic organization similar to that of other Sapporo-like strains and the third strain (London/92) lacked an open reading frame overlapping the 5′ end of the capsid gene. Alignment of the capsid sequences of these three strains showed 44–78% amino acid identity among the three strains. Phylogenetic analysis of the aligned sequences indicated the three strains are related but each belongs to a distinct genetic cluster. The genetic differences are associated with antigenic differences in that an enzyme immune assay (EIA) specific for the prototype Sapporo/82 strain detected the Houston/86 strain, but not the Houston/90 and London/92 strains. In vitro transcription and translation of viral cDNA containing the predicted capsid gene of Houston/90 resulted in a protein of 63 K, which is immunoprecipitated by sera from children infected with the strain. Genetically and antigenically distinct strains in the Sapporo-like HuCVs have not been described previously and the occurrence of such diverse strains in the same community likely increases the importance of these strains as a cause of illness in children.
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