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Knowledge and Attitudes in Regard to Pandemic Influenza A(H1N1) in a Multiethnic Community of Malaysia

Background Assessment of general public’s knowledge and attitudes toward the development and prevention of new disease outbreaks is imperative because they have profound effects on health behaviors and may contribute to the control of the epidemic. Purpose To investigate the level of knowledge and a... Full description

Journal Title: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2010-09-11, Vol.18 (2), p.112-121
Main Author: Wong, Li Ping
Other Authors: Sam, I-Ching
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Boston: Springer US
ID: ISSN: 1070-5503
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20835855
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title: Knowledge and Attitudes in Regard to Pandemic Influenza A(H1N1) in a Multiethnic Community of Malaysia
format: Article
creator:
  • Wong, Li Ping
  • Sam, I-Ching
subjects:
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Article
  • Attitudes
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Disease susceptibility
  • Disease transmission
  • Epidemics
  • Ethnic groups
  • Family Medicine
  • Female
  • general
  • General Practice
  • Health aspects
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Psychology
  • Humans
  • Infection
  • Influenza
  • Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype - immunology
  • Influenza A(H1N1)
  • Influenza Vaccines - immunology
  • Influenza, Human - epidemiology
  • Influenza, Human - prevention & control
  • Influenza, Human - psychology
  • Interviews as Topic
  • Knowledge
  • Malaysia - epidemiology
  • Male
  • Medicine
  • Medicine & Public Health
  • Middle Aged
  • Multiculturalism & pluralism
  • Pandemics
  • Stigma
  • Swine flu
  • Swine influenza
  • Universities and colleges
ispartof: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 2010-09-11, Vol.18 (2), p.112-121
description: Background Assessment of general public’s knowledge and attitudes toward the development and prevention of new disease outbreaks is imperative because they have profound effects on health behaviors and may contribute to the control of the epidemic. Purpose To investigate the level of knowledge and attitudes towards the influenza A(H1N1) outbreak across various ethnic groups and socio-demographic backgrounds in Malaysia. Method A cross-sectional, population-based, computer-assisted telephone interview exploring knowledge and attitudes regarding influenza A(H1N1) was conducted in Malaysia. Between July 11 and September 12, 2009, a total of 1,050 respondents were interviewed (response rate 69.3%). Results The mean total knowledge score for the overall sample was 7.30 (SD ± 1.961) out of a possible score of 13 (Chinese had the highest scores, followed by Indians, then Malays). Some erroneous beliefs about the modes of transmission were identified. The majority of the participants (73.8%) perceived the A(H1N1) infection as often deadly. Despite the overestimation of the severity of A(H1N1) infection, high confidence in preventing infection and low perceived susceptibility of infection were reported. Influenza A(H1N1)-related stigma was prevalent and exhibited differences across ethnic groups. Conclusions Findings suggest that provision of education and clear information are essential to correct the misconceptions, and increase perceived susceptibility to infection so that the general public will take precautions against A(H1N1) infection.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1070-5503
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 1070-5503
  • 1532-7558
url: Link


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titleKnowledge and Attitudes in Regard to Pandemic Influenza A(H1N1) in a Multiethnic Community of Malaysia
creatorWong, Li Ping ; Sam, I-Ching
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descriptionBackground Assessment of general public’s knowledge and attitudes toward the development and prevention of new disease outbreaks is imperative because they have profound effects on health behaviors and may contribute to the control of the epidemic. Purpose To investigate the level of knowledge and attitudes towards the influenza A(H1N1) outbreak across various ethnic groups and socio-demographic backgrounds in Malaysia. Method A cross-sectional, population-based, computer-assisted telephone interview exploring knowledge and attitudes regarding influenza A(H1N1) was conducted in Malaysia. Between July 11 and September 12, 2009, a total of 1,050 respondents were interviewed (response rate 69.3%). Results The mean total knowledge score for the overall sample was 7.30 (SD ± 1.961) out of a possible score of 13 (Chinese had the highest scores, followed by Indians, then Malays). Some erroneous beliefs about the modes of transmission were identified. The majority of the participants (73.8%) perceived the A(H1N1) infection as often deadly. Despite the overestimation of the severity of A(H1N1) infection, high confidence in preventing infection and low perceived susceptibility of infection were reported. Influenza A(H1N1)-related stigma was prevalent and exhibited differences across ethnic groups. Conclusions Findings suggest that provision of education and clear information are essential to correct the misconceptions, and increase perceived susceptibility to infection so that the general public will take precautions against A(H1N1) infection.
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subjectAdolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Article ; Attitudes ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Disease susceptibility ; Disease transmission ; Epidemics ; Ethnic groups ; Family Medicine ; Female ; general ; General Practice ; Health aspects ; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice ; Health Psychology ; Humans ; Infection ; Influenza ; Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype - immunology ; Influenza A(H1N1) ; Influenza Vaccines - immunology ; Influenza, Human - epidemiology ; Influenza, Human - prevention & control ; Influenza, Human - psychology ; Interviews as Topic ; Knowledge ; Malaysia - epidemiology ; Male ; Medicine ; Medicine & Public Health ; Middle Aged ; Multiculturalism & pluralism ; Pandemics ; Stigma ; Swine flu ; Swine influenza ; Universities and colleges
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abstractBackground Assessment of general public’s knowledge and attitudes toward the development and prevention of new disease outbreaks is imperative because they have profound effects on health behaviors and may contribute to the control of the epidemic. Purpose To investigate the level of knowledge and attitudes towards the influenza A(H1N1) outbreak across various ethnic groups and socio-demographic backgrounds in Malaysia. Method A cross-sectional, population-based, computer-assisted telephone interview exploring knowledge and attitudes regarding influenza A(H1N1) was conducted in Malaysia. Between July 11 and September 12, 2009, a total of 1,050 respondents were interviewed (response rate 69.3%). Results The mean total knowledge score for the overall sample was 7.30 (SD ± 1.961) out of a possible score of 13 (Chinese had the highest scores, followed by Indians, then Malays). Some erroneous beliefs about the modes of transmission were identified. The majority of the participants (73.8%) perceived the A(H1N1) infection as often deadly. Despite the overestimation of the severity of A(H1N1) infection, high confidence in preventing infection and low perceived susceptibility of infection were reported. Influenza A(H1N1)-related stigma was prevalent and exhibited differences across ethnic groups. Conclusions Findings suggest that provision of education and clear information are essential to correct the misconceptions, and increase perceived susceptibility to infection so that the general public will take precautions against A(H1N1) infection.
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