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Knowledge and Attitudes About HPV Infection, HPV Vaccination, and Cervical Cancer Among Rural Southeast Asian Women

Background The incidence of cervical cancer in developing countries is high and even higher among women in rural areas in these countries. Purpose The purpose of this study is to assess the knowledge and attitudes towards human papillomavirus (HPV), HPV vaccination, and cervical cancer among young w... Full description

Journal Title: International journal of behavioral medicine 2010-06-04, Vol.18 (2), p.105-111
Main Author: Wong, Li Ping
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Boston: Springer US
ID: ISSN: 1070-5503
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20524163
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title: Knowledge and Attitudes About HPV Infection, HPV Vaccination, and Cervical Cancer Among Rural Southeast Asian Women
format: Article
creator:
  • Wong, Li Ping
subjects:
  • Adult
  • Article
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group
  • Attitudes
  • Cancer
  • Cervical cancer
  • Cervix
  • Developing Countries
  • Diagnosis
  • Family Medicine
  • Female
  • general
  • General Practice
  • Health aspects
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Psychology
  • Human papillomavirus
  • Humans
  • Infection
  • Inventories
  • Knowledge
  • Malaysia
  • Medicine
  • Medicine & Public Health
  • Motivation
  • Papillomaviridae - immunology
  • Papillomavirus Infections - prevention & control
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines - immunology
  • Perception
  • Risk Factors
  • Rural areas
  • Rural Population
  • Rural populations
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Uterine Cervical Neoplasms - prevention & control
  • Vaccination
  • Vaccines
  • Vaginal Smears
  • Women
  • Young adults
ispartof: International journal of behavioral medicine, 2010-06-04, Vol.18 (2), p.105-111
description: Background The incidence of cervical cancer in developing countries is high and even higher among women in rural areas in these countries. Purpose The purpose of this study is to assess the knowledge and attitudes towards human papillomavirus (HPV), HPV vaccination, and cervical cancer among young women in rural settings in a Southeast Asia country. Methods A convenience sample of ethnically diverse young rural women in Malaysia was surveyed. Participants were interviewed using a standard questionnaire. Results Among the participants ( N  = 449), knowledge of HPV, HPV vaccination, cervical screening, and cervical cancer risk factors was extremely poor. The mean total knowledge score (14 items) was 2.37 (SD ± 1.97). Although many had never heard of the newly released HPV vaccine, two-thirds professed an intention to receive the HPV vaccine. Intention to receive the vaccine was significantly associated with knowledge of cervical screening and cervical cancer risk factors (OR 1.17; 95% CI 1.03–1.33; P  = 0.013). Reasons for vaccine refusal were doubts about safety and efficacy of the new vaccine (27.4%), perceived embarrassment at receiving an STI vaccine (20.7%), and perception of not being at risk of HPV infection (20.0%). Conclusions Providing HPV education to the rural residents is a high priority.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1070-5503
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 1070-5503
  • 1532-7558
url: Link


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descriptionBackground The incidence of cervical cancer in developing countries is high and even higher among women in rural areas in these countries. Purpose The purpose of this study is to assess the knowledge and attitudes towards human papillomavirus (HPV), HPV vaccination, and cervical cancer among young women in rural settings in a Southeast Asia country. Methods A convenience sample of ethnically diverse young rural women in Malaysia was surveyed. Participants were interviewed using a standard questionnaire. Results Among the participants ( N  = 449), knowledge of HPV, HPV vaccination, cervical screening, and cervical cancer risk factors was extremely poor. The mean total knowledge score (14 items) was 2.37 (SD ± 1.97). Although many had never heard of the newly released HPV vaccine, two-thirds professed an intention to receive the HPV vaccine. Intention to receive the vaccine was significantly associated with knowledge of cervical screening and cervical cancer risk factors (OR 1.17; 95% CI 1.03–1.33; P  = 0.013). Reasons for vaccine refusal were doubts about safety and efficacy of the new vaccine (27.4%), perceived embarrassment at receiving an STI vaccine (20.7%), and perception of not being at risk of HPV infection (20.0%). Conclusions Providing HPV education to the rural residents is a high priority.
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subjectAdult ; Article ; Asian Continental Ancestry Group ; Attitudes ; Cancer ; Cervical cancer ; Cervix ; Developing Countries ; Diagnosis ; Family Medicine ; Female ; general ; General Practice ; Health aspects ; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice ; Health Psychology ; Human papillomavirus ; Humans ; Infection ; Inventories ; Knowledge ; Malaysia ; Medicine ; Medicine & Public Health ; Motivation ; Papillomaviridae - immunology ; Papillomavirus Infections - prevention & control ; Papillomavirus Vaccines - immunology ; Perception ; Risk Factors ; Rural areas ; Rural Population ; Rural populations ; Sexually transmitted diseases ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; Uterine Cervical Neoplasms - prevention & control ; Vaccination ; Vaccines ; Vaginal Smears ; Women ; Young adults
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descriptionBackground The incidence of cervical cancer in developing countries is high and even higher among women in rural areas in these countries. Purpose The purpose of this study is to assess the knowledge and attitudes towards human papillomavirus (HPV), HPV vaccination, and cervical cancer among young women in rural settings in a Southeast Asia country. Methods A convenience sample of ethnically diverse young rural women in Malaysia was surveyed. Participants were interviewed using a standard questionnaire. Results Among the participants ( N  = 449), knowledge of HPV, HPV vaccination, cervical screening, and cervical cancer risk factors was extremely poor. The mean total knowledge score (14 items) was 2.37 (SD ± 1.97). Although many had never heard of the newly released HPV vaccine, two-thirds professed an intention to receive the HPV vaccine. Intention to receive the vaccine was significantly associated with knowledge of cervical screening and cervical cancer risk factors (OR 1.17; 95% CI 1.03–1.33; P  = 0.013). Reasons for vaccine refusal were doubts about safety and efficacy of the new vaccine (27.4%), perceived embarrassment at receiving an STI vaccine (20.7%), and perception of not being at risk of HPV infection (20.0%). Conclusions Providing HPV education to the rural residents is a high priority.
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abstractBackground The incidence of cervical cancer in developing countries is high and even higher among women in rural areas in these countries. Purpose The purpose of this study is to assess the knowledge and attitudes towards human papillomavirus (HPV), HPV vaccination, and cervical cancer among young women in rural settings in a Southeast Asia country. Methods A convenience sample of ethnically diverse young rural women in Malaysia was surveyed. Participants were interviewed using a standard questionnaire. Results Among the participants ( N  = 449), knowledge of HPV, HPV vaccination, cervical screening, and cervical cancer risk factors was extremely poor. The mean total knowledge score (14 items) was 2.37 (SD ± 1.97). Although many had never heard of the newly released HPV vaccine, two-thirds professed an intention to receive the HPV vaccine. Intention to receive the vaccine was significantly associated with knowledge of cervical screening and cervical cancer risk factors (OR 1.17; 95% CI 1.03–1.33; P  = 0.013). Reasons for vaccine refusal were doubts about safety and efficacy of the new vaccine (27.4%), perceived embarrassment at receiving an STI vaccine (20.7%), and perception of not being at risk of HPV infection (20.0%). Conclusions Providing HPV education to the rural residents is a high priority.
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