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Physical fitness factors to predict male Olympic wrestling performance

To determine differences in maximal strength and muscle power output of the arm and leg extensor muscles, peak and mean power during a modified standing crank-arm Wingate test, running speed, muscle extensibility, and anthropometric markers between elite and amateurs wrestlers according to the weigh... Full description

Journal Title: European journal of applied physiology 2011, Vol.111 (8), p.1747-1758
Main Author: García-Pallarés, Jesús
Other Authors: López-Gullón, José María , Muriel, Xabier , Díaz, Arturo , Izquierdo, Mikel
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag
ID: ISSN: 1439-6319
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_884269243
title: Physical fitness factors to predict male Olympic wrestling performance
format: Article
creator:
  • García-Pallarés, Jesús
  • López-Gullón, José María
  • Muriel, Xabier
  • Díaz, Arturo
  • Izquierdo, Mikel
subjects:
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Athletic Performance - physiology
  • Back - physiology
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Biomedicine
  • Body Composition - physiology
  • Body Weight - physiology
  • Competitive Behavior - physiology
  • Exercise
  • Forecasting
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • Hand Strength - physiology
  • Human Physiology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine
  • Original Article
  • Physical fitness
  • Physical Fitness - physiology
  • Physiological aspects
  • Running - physiology
  • Sports Medicine
  • Sports sciences
  • Universities and colleges
  • Vertebrates: body movement. Posture. Locomotion. Flight. Swimming. Physical exercise. Rest. Sports
  • Wrestling
  • Wrestling - physiology
  • Young Adult
ispartof: European journal of applied physiology, 2011, Vol.111 (8), p.1747-1758
description: To determine differences in maximal strength and muscle power output of the arm and leg extensor muscles, peak and mean power during a modified standing crank-arm Wingate test, running speed, muscle extensibility, and anthropometric markers between elite and amateurs wrestlers according to the weight classes system; 92 male wrestlers were assigned into 6 groups according to their body mass (light, middle and heavy weight) and their competitive level (elite and amateur): Light Weight (body mass ranged between 55 and 68 kg) in elite (LW E , n  = 18) and amateur (LW A , n  = 15) level; Middle Weight (body mass ranged between 68 and 84 kg) in elite (MW E , n  = 18) and amateur (MW A , n  = 19) level; and Heavy Weight (body mass ranged between 84 and 100 kg) in elite (HW E , n  = 10) and amateur (HW A , n  = 12) level. Elite wrestlers were older (8–12%), had more training experience (25–37%), fat-free mass (3–5%), maximal strength in absolute and relative terms (8–25%), muscle power (14–30%), mean and peak power during crank-arm Wingate testing in absolute and relative terms (13–22%), jumping height (8–17%) as well as grip (6–19%) and back strength (7–20%) compared to amateur wrestlers. However, no differences were observed between elite and amateur groups in height, body mass index, percentage of body fat, hamstring extensibility and running speed. The present results suggest that the higher absolute and relative values of maximal strength, muscle power, and anaerobic metabolism, explained in part by the differences in lean mass and neural activation patterns, will give elite wrestlers a clear advantage during the most frequently used techniques in Olympic wrestling.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1439-6319
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 1439-6319
  • 1439-6327
url: Link


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descriptionTo determine differences in maximal strength and muscle power output of the arm and leg extensor muscles, peak and mean power during a modified standing crank-arm Wingate test, running speed, muscle extensibility, and anthropometric markers between elite and amateurs wrestlers according to the weight classes system; 92 male wrestlers were assigned into 6 groups according to their body mass (light, middle and heavy weight) and their competitive level (elite and amateur): Light Weight (body mass ranged between 55 and 68 kg) in elite (LW E , n  = 18) and amateur (LW A , n  = 15) level; Middle Weight (body mass ranged between 68 and 84 kg) in elite (MW E , n  = 18) and amateur (MW A , n  = 19) level; and Heavy Weight (body mass ranged between 84 and 100 kg) in elite (HW E , n  = 10) and amateur (HW A , n  = 12) level. Elite wrestlers were older (8–12%), had more training experience (25–37%), fat-free mass (3–5%), maximal strength in absolute and relative terms (8–25%), muscle power (14–30%), mean and peak power during crank-arm Wingate testing in absolute and relative terms (13–22%), jumping height (8–17%) as well as grip (6–19%) and back strength (7–20%) compared to amateur wrestlers. However, no differences were observed between elite and amateur groups in height, body mass index, percentage of body fat, hamstring extensibility and running speed. The present results suggest that the higher absolute and relative values of maximal strength, muscle power, and anaerobic metabolism, explained in part by the differences in lean mass and neural activation patterns, will give elite wrestlers a clear advantage during the most frequently used techniques in Olympic wrestling.
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subjectAdolescent ; Adult ; Athletic Performance - physiology ; Back - physiology ; Biological and medical sciences ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Biomedicine ; Body Composition - physiology ; Body Weight - physiology ; Competitive Behavior - physiology ; Exercise ; Forecasting ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; Hand Strength - physiology ; Human Physiology ; Humans ; Male ; Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine ; Original Article ; Physical fitness ; Physical Fitness - physiology ; Physiological aspects ; Running - physiology ; Sports Medicine ; Sports sciences ; Universities and colleges ; Vertebrates: body movement. Posture. Locomotion. Flight. Swimming. Physical exercise. Rest. Sports ; Wrestling ; Wrestling - physiology ; Young Adult
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descriptionTo determine differences in maximal strength and muscle power output of the arm and leg extensor muscles, peak and mean power during a modified standing crank-arm Wingate test, running speed, muscle extensibility, and anthropometric markers between elite and amateurs wrestlers according to the weight classes system; 92 male wrestlers were assigned into 6 groups according to their body mass (light, middle and heavy weight) and their competitive level (elite and amateur): Light Weight (body mass ranged between 55 and 68 kg) in elite (LW E , n  = 18) and amateur (LW A , n  = 15) level; Middle Weight (body mass ranged between 68 and 84 kg) in elite (MW E , n  = 18) and amateur (MW A , n  = 19) level; and Heavy Weight (body mass ranged between 84 and 100 kg) in elite (HW E , n  = 10) and amateur (HW A , n  = 12) level. Elite wrestlers were older (8–12%), had more training experience (25–37%), fat-free mass (3–5%), maximal strength in absolute and relative terms (8–25%), muscle power (14–30%), mean and peak power during crank-arm Wingate testing in absolute and relative terms (13–22%), jumping height (8–17%) as well as grip (6–19%) and back strength (7–20%) compared to amateur wrestlers. However, no differences were observed between elite and amateur groups in height, body mass index, percentage of body fat, hamstring extensibility and running speed. The present results suggest that the higher absolute and relative values of maximal strength, muscle power, and anaerobic metabolism, explained in part by the differences in lean mass and neural activation patterns, will give elite wrestlers a clear advantage during the most frequently used techniques in Olympic wrestling.
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7Body Composition - physiology
8Body Weight - physiology
9Competitive Behavior - physiology
10Exercise
11Forecasting
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17Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine
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19Physical fitness
20Physical Fitness - physiology
21Physiological aspects
22Running - physiology
23Sports Medicine
24Sports sciences
25Universities and colleges
26Vertebrates: body movement. Posture. Locomotion. Flight. Swimming. Physical exercise. Rest. Sports
27Wrestling
28Wrestling - physiology
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abstractTo determine differences in maximal strength and muscle power output of the arm and leg extensor muscles, peak and mean power during a modified standing crank-arm Wingate test, running speed, muscle extensibility, and anthropometric markers between elite and amateurs wrestlers according to the weight classes system; 92 male wrestlers were assigned into 6 groups according to their body mass (light, middle and heavy weight) and their competitive level (elite and amateur): Light Weight (body mass ranged between 55 and 68 kg) in elite (LW E , n  = 18) and amateur (LW A , n  = 15) level; Middle Weight (body mass ranged between 68 and 84 kg) in elite (MW E , n  = 18) and amateur (MW A , n  = 19) level; and Heavy Weight (body mass ranged between 84 and 100 kg) in elite (HW E , n  = 10) and amateur (HW A , n  = 12) level. Elite wrestlers were older (8–12%), had more training experience (25–37%), fat-free mass (3–5%), maximal strength in absolute and relative terms (8–25%), muscle power (14–30%), mean and peak power during crank-arm Wingate testing in absolute and relative terms (13–22%), jumping height (8–17%) as well as grip (6–19%) and back strength (7–20%) compared to amateur wrestlers. However, no differences were observed between elite and amateur groups in height, body mass index, percentage of body fat, hamstring extensibility and running speed. The present results suggest that the higher absolute and relative values of maximal strength, muscle power, and anaerobic metabolism, explained in part by the differences in lean mass and neural activation patterns, will give elite wrestlers a clear advantage during the most frequently used techniques in Olympic wrestling.
copBerlin/Heidelberg
pubSpringer-Verlag
pmid21221989
doi10.1007/s00421-010-1809-8