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Low cognitive ability in early adulthood is associated with reduced lung function in middle age: the Vietnam Experience Study

ObjectiveReduced lung function has been linked to poorer cognitive ability later in life. In the present study, the authors examined the converse: whether there was a prospective association between cognitive ability in early adulthood and lung function in middle age.MethodsParticipants were 4256 ma... Full description

Journal Title: Thorax 2011-10, Vol.66 (10), p.884-888
Main Author: Carroll, Douglas
Other Authors: Batty, G David , Mortensen, Laust H , Deary, Ian J , Phillips, Anna C
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Age
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: London: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd and British Thoracic Society
ID: ISSN: 0040-6376
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recordid: cdi_proquest_miscellaneous_893721673
title: Low cognitive ability in early adulthood is associated with reduced lung function in middle age: the Vietnam Experience Study
format: Article
creator:
  • Carroll, Douglas
  • Batty, G David
  • Mortensen, Laust H
  • Deary, Ian J
  • Phillips, Anna C
subjects:
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age
  • Age Factors
  • Alcohol
  • Armed forces
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Cardiology. Vascular system
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Child development
  • Cognition
  • Cognition - physiology
  • Cognition Disorders - epidemiology
  • Cognition Disorders - etiology
  • Cognition Disorders - psychology
  • Cognitive ability
  • Data collection
  • Data processing
  • Demographic aspects
  • Disease Progression
  • Ethanol
  • Ethnic groups
  • Evaluation
  • FEV1
  • Forced Expiratory Volume - physiology
  • Health risk assessment
  • Humans
  • Hypertension
  • Incidence
  • Life Style
  • Lung
  • lung function
  • Male
  • Medical sciences
  • Mens health
  • Middle age
  • Middle Aged
  • Models
  • Mortality
  • Pneumology
  • prospective study
  • Pulmonary function tests
  • Regression analysis
  • Respiratory Insufficiency - complications
  • Respiratory Insufficiency - epidemiology
  • Respiratory Insufficiency - physiopathology
  • Smoking
  • Sociodemographics
  • Spirometry
  • Studies
  • United States - epidemiology
  • Variables
  • veterans
  • Veterans - psychology
  • Vietnam Conflict
  • Young Adult
ispartof: Thorax, 2011-10, Vol.66 (10), p.884-888
description: ObjectiveReduced lung function has been linked to poorer cognitive ability later in life. In the present study, the authors examined the converse: whether there was a prospective association between cognitive ability in early adulthood and lung function in middle age.MethodsParticipants were 4256 male Vietnam-era US veterans. Cognitive ability was assessed by the Army General Technical Test on enlistment when participants were, on average, 20 years old (range: 17–34). Data on ethnicity and place of service were extracted from army files. Smoking behaviour, alcohol consumption, basic socio-demographics and whether participants had a physician-diagnosed chronic disease were determined by telephonic interview in middle age in 1985. Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) was measured by spirometry at a 3-day medical examination in 1986. Height and weight were also measured.ResultsIn linear regression models, poor cognitive ability in early adulthood was associated with reduced lung function in middle age, first adjusting for age and height, β=0.17, p
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0040-6376
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0040-6376
  • 1468-3296
url: Link


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titleLow cognitive ability in early adulthood is associated with reduced lung function in middle age: the Vietnam Experience Study
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creatorcontribCarroll, Douglas ; Batty, G David ; Mortensen, Laust H ; Deary, Ian J ; Phillips, Anna C
descriptionObjectiveReduced lung function has been linked to poorer cognitive ability later in life. In the present study, the authors examined the converse: whether there was a prospective association between cognitive ability in early adulthood and lung function in middle age.MethodsParticipants were 4256 male Vietnam-era US veterans. Cognitive ability was assessed by the Army General Technical Test on enlistment when participants were, on average, 20 years old (range: 17–34). Data on ethnicity and place of service were extracted from army files. Smoking behaviour, alcohol consumption, basic socio-demographics and whether participants had a physician-diagnosed chronic disease were determined by telephonic interview in middle age in 1985. Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) was measured by spirometry at a 3-day medical examination in 1986. Height and weight were also measured.ResultsIn linear regression models, poor cognitive ability in early adulthood was associated with reduced lung function in middle age, first adjusting for age and height, β=0.17, p<0.001, then additionally adjusting for circumstantial, socio-demographic, lifestyle and health factors, β=0.12, p=0.001. The same results were obtained when the analysis was confined to non-smokers.ConclusionNot only is lung function related to subsequent cognitive ability, but poor cognitive ability earlier in life is also associated with reduced lung function in middle age.
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subjectAdolescent ; Adult ; Age ; Age Factors ; Alcohol ; Armed forces ; Biological and medical sciences ; Cardiology. Vascular system ; Cardiovascular disease ; Child development ; Cognition ; Cognition - physiology ; Cognition Disorders - epidemiology ; Cognition Disorders - etiology ; Cognition Disorders - psychology ; Cognitive ability ; Data collection ; Data processing ; Demographic aspects ; Disease Progression ; Ethanol ; Ethnic groups ; Evaluation ; FEV1 ; Forced Expiratory Volume - physiology ; Health risk assessment ; Humans ; Hypertension ; Incidence ; Life Style ; Lung ; lung function ; Male ; Medical sciences ; Mens health ; Middle age ; Middle Aged ; Models ; Mortality ; Pneumology ; prospective study ; Pulmonary function tests ; Regression analysis ; Respiratory Insufficiency - complications ; Respiratory Insufficiency - epidemiology ; Respiratory Insufficiency - physiopathology ; Smoking ; Sociodemographics ; Spirometry ; Studies ; United States - epidemiology ; Variables ; veterans ; Veterans - psychology ; Vietnam Conflict ; Young Adult
ispartofThorax, 2011-10, Vol.66 (10), p.884-888
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descriptionObjectiveReduced lung function has been linked to poorer cognitive ability later in life. In the present study, the authors examined the converse: whether there was a prospective association between cognitive ability in early adulthood and lung function in middle age.MethodsParticipants were 4256 male Vietnam-era US veterans. Cognitive ability was assessed by the Army General Technical Test on enlistment when participants were, on average, 20 years old (range: 17–34). Data on ethnicity and place of service were extracted from army files. Smoking behaviour, alcohol consumption, basic socio-demographics and whether participants had a physician-diagnosed chronic disease were determined by telephonic interview in middle age in 1985. Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) was measured by spirometry at a 3-day medical examination in 1986. Height and weight were also measured.ResultsIn linear regression models, poor cognitive ability in early adulthood was associated with reduced lung function in middle age, first adjusting for age and height, β=0.17, p<0.001, then additionally adjusting for circumstantial, socio-demographic, lifestyle and health factors, β=0.12, p=0.001. The same results were obtained when the analysis was confined to non-smokers.ConclusionNot only is lung function related to subsequent cognitive ability, but poor cognitive ability earlier in life is also associated with reduced lung function in middle age.
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abstractObjectiveReduced lung function has been linked to poorer cognitive ability later in life. In the present study, the authors examined the converse: whether there was a prospective association between cognitive ability in early adulthood and lung function in middle age.MethodsParticipants were 4256 male Vietnam-era US veterans. Cognitive ability was assessed by the Army General Technical Test on enlistment when participants were, on average, 20 years old (range: 17–34). Data on ethnicity and place of service were extracted from army files. Smoking behaviour, alcohol consumption, basic socio-demographics and whether participants had a physician-diagnosed chronic disease were determined by telephonic interview in middle age in 1985. Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) was measured by spirometry at a 3-day medical examination in 1986. Height and weight were also measured.ResultsIn linear regression models, poor cognitive ability in early adulthood was associated with reduced lung function in middle age, first adjusting for age and height, β=0.17, p<0.001, then additionally adjusting for circumstantial, socio-demographic, lifestyle and health factors, β=0.12, p=0.001. The same results were obtained when the analysis was confined to non-smokers.ConclusionNot only is lung function related to subsequent cognitive ability, but poor cognitive ability earlier in life is also associated with reduced lung function in middle age.
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