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World-class performance in lightweight rowing: is it genetically influenced? A comparison with cyclists, runners and non-athletes

In this study, genotype frequencies of several polymorphisms that are candidates to influence sports performance (ie, ACTN3 R577X, ACE ID, PPARGC1A Gly482Ser, AMPD1 C34T, CKMM 985bp/1170bp and GDF8 (myostatin) K153R) were compared in 123 nonathletic controls, 50 professional cyclists, 52 Olympicclas... Full description

Journal Title: British journal of sports medicine 2010-09, Vol.44 (12), p.898-901
Main Author: Muniesa, Carlos A
Other Authors: González-Freire, Marta , Santiago, Catalina , Lao, José I , Buxens, Amaya , Rubio, Juan C , Martín, Miguel A , Arenas, Joaquín , Gomez-Gallego, Felix , Lucia, Alejandro
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: England: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd and British Association of Sport and Exercise Medicine
ID: ISSN: 0306-3674
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18801770
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title: World-class performance in lightweight rowing: is it genetically influenced? A comparison with cyclists, runners and non-athletes
format: Article
creator:
  • Muniesa, Carlos A
  • González-Freire, Marta
  • Santiago, Catalina
  • Lao, José I
  • Buxens, Amaya
  • Rubio, Juan C
  • Martín, Miguel A
  • Arenas, Joaquín
  • Gomez-Gallego, Felix
  • Lucia, Alejandro
subjects:
  • Actinin - genetics
  • AMP Deaminase - genetics
  • Athletes
  • Athletic ability
  • Athletic Performance - physiology
  • Bicycling
  • Bicycling - physiology
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Comparative analysis
  • Creatine Kinase, MM Form - genetics
  • Gene Frequency
  • Genes
  • Genetic aspects
  • Genotype
  • Genotype & phenotype
  • Genética humana
  • Heat-Shock Proteins - genetics
  • Humans
  • Laboratories
  • Male
  • Myostatin - genetics
  • Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A - genetics
  • Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma Coactivator 1-alpha
  • Physiological aspects
  • Polymorphism
  • Polymorphism, Genetic - genetics
  • Rowing
  • Running
  • Running - physiology
  • Ships
  • Studies
  • Transcription Factors - genetics
ispartof: British journal of sports medicine, 2010-09, Vol.44 (12), p.898-901
description: In this study, genotype frequencies of several polymorphisms that are candidates to influence sports performance (ie, ACTN3 R577X, ACE ID, PPARGC1A Gly482Ser, AMPD1 C34T, CKMM 985bp/1170bp and GDF8 (myostatin) K153R) were compared in 123 nonathletic controls, 50 professional cyclists, 52 Olympicclass runners and 39 world-class rowers (medallists in world championships, lightweight category). Significant differences in genotype distributions among the groups were not found except for the ACE gene, that is, lower (p
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0306-3674
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0306-3674
  • 1473-0480
url: Link


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titleWorld-class performance in lightweight rowing: is it genetically influenced? A comparison with cyclists, runners and non-athletes
creatorMuniesa, Carlos A ; González-Freire, Marta ; Santiago, Catalina ; Lao, José I ; Buxens, Amaya ; Rubio, Juan C ; Martín, Miguel A ; Arenas, Joaquín ; Gomez-Gallego, Felix ; Lucia, Alejandro
creatorcontribMuniesa, Carlos A ; González-Freire, Marta ; Santiago, Catalina ; Lao, José I ; Buxens, Amaya ; Rubio, Juan C ; Martín, Miguel A ; Arenas, Joaquín ; Gomez-Gallego, Felix ; Lucia, Alejandro
descriptionIn this study, genotype frequencies of several polymorphisms that are candidates to influence sports performance (ie, ACTN3 R577X, ACE ID, PPARGC1A Gly482Ser, AMPD1 C34T, CKMM 985bp/1170bp and GDF8 (myostatin) K153R) were compared in 123 nonathletic controls, 50 professional cyclists, 52 Olympicclass runners and 39 world-class rowers (medallists in world championships, lightweight category). Significant differences in genotype distributions among the groups were not found except for the ACE gene, that is, lower (p<0.05) proportion of II in rowers (10.3%) than in the total subject population (22.3%). In summary, sports performance is likely polygenic with the combined effect of hundreds of genetic variants, one possibly being the ACE ID polymorphism (at least in the sports studied here), but many others remain to be identified.
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subjectActinin - genetics ; AMP Deaminase - genetics ; Athletes ; Athletic ability ; Athletic Performance - physiology ; Bicycling ; Bicycling - physiology ; Case-Control Studies ; Comparative analysis ; Creatine Kinase, MM Form - genetics ; Gene Frequency ; Genes ; Genetic aspects ; Genotype ; Genotype & phenotype ; Genética humana ; Heat-Shock Proteins - genetics ; Humans ; Laboratories ; Male ; Myostatin - genetics ; Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A - genetics ; Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma Coactivator 1-alpha ; Physiological aspects ; Polymorphism ; Polymorphism, Genetic - genetics ; Rowing ; Running ; Running - physiology ; Ships ; Studies ; Transcription Factors - genetics
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0World-class performance in lightweight rowing: is it genetically influenced? A comparison with cyclists, runners and non-athletes
1British journal of sports medicine
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descriptionIn this study, genotype frequencies of several polymorphisms that are candidates to influence sports performance (ie, ACTN3 R577X, ACE ID, PPARGC1A Gly482Ser, AMPD1 C34T, CKMM 985bp/1170bp and GDF8 (myostatin) K153R) were compared in 123 nonathletic controls, 50 professional cyclists, 52 Olympicclass runners and 39 world-class rowers (medallists in world championships, lightweight category). Significant differences in genotype distributions among the groups were not found except for the ACE gene, that is, lower (p<0.05) proportion of II in rowers (10.3%) than in the total subject population (22.3%). In summary, sports performance is likely polygenic with the combined effect of hundreds of genetic variants, one possibly being the ACE ID polymorphism (at least in the sports studied here), but many others remain to be identified.
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1AMP Deaminase - genetics
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7Case-Control Studies
8Comparative analysis
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16Heat-Shock Proteins - genetics
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21Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A - genetics
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titleWorld-class performance in lightweight rowing: is it genetically influenced? A comparison with cyclists, runners and non-athletes
authorMuniesa, Carlos A ; González-Freire, Marta ; Santiago, Catalina ; Lao, José I ; Buxens, Amaya ; Rubio, Juan C ; Martín, Miguel A ; Arenas, Joaquín ; Gomez-Gallego, Felix ; Lucia, Alejandro
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1AMP Deaminase - genetics
2Athletes
3Athletic ability
4Athletic Performance - physiology
5Bicycling
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7Case-Control Studies
8Comparative analysis
9Creatine Kinase, MM Form - genetics
10Gene Frequency
11Genes
12Genetic aspects
13Genotype
14Genotype & phenotype
15Genética humana
16Heat-Shock Proteins - genetics
17Humans
18Laboratories
19Male
20Myostatin - genetics
21Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A - genetics
22Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma Coactivator 1-alpha
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30Studies
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0Muniesa, Carlos A
1González-Freire, Marta
2Santiago, Catalina
3Lao, José I
4Buxens, Amaya
5Rubio, Juan C
6Martín, Miguel A
7Arenas, Joaquín
8Gomez-Gallego, Felix
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atitleWorld-class performance in lightweight rowing: is it genetically influenced? A comparison with cyclists, runners and non-athletes
jtitleBritish journal of sports medicine
addtitleBr J Sports Med
date2010-09
risdate2010
volume44
issue12
spage898
epage901
pages898-901
issn0306-3674
eissn1473-0480
notesC A M and M G-F contributed equally to this work.
abstractIn this study, genotype frequencies of several polymorphisms that are candidates to influence sports performance (ie, ACTN3 R577X, ACE ID, PPARGC1A Gly482Ser, AMPD1 C34T, CKMM 985bp/1170bp and GDF8 (myostatin) K153R) were compared in 123 nonathletic controls, 50 professional cyclists, 52 Olympicclass runners and 39 world-class rowers (medallists in world championships, lightweight category). Significant differences in genotype distributions among the groups were not found except for the ACE gene, that is, lower (p<0.05) proportion of II in rowers (10.3%) than in the total subject population (22.3%). In summary, sports performance is likely polygenic with the combined effect of hundreds of genetic variants, one possibly being the ACE ID polymorphism (at least in the sports studied here), but many others remain to be identified.
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pmid18801770
doi10.1136/bjsm.2008.051680
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