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Effect of biochar amendment on maize yield and greenhouse gas emissions from a soil organic carbon poor calcareous loamy soil from Central China Plain

Aims A field experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of biochar on maize yield and greenhouse gases (GHGs) in a calcareous loamy soil poor in organic carbon from Henan, central great plain, China. Methods Biochar was applied at rates of 0, 20 and 40 tha−1 with or without N fertilization.... Full description

Journal Title: Plant and soil 2012-01-01, Vol.351 (1-2), p.263-275
Main Author: Zhang, Afeng
Other Authors: Liu, Yuming , Pan, Genxing , Hussain, Qaiser , Li, Lianqing , Zheng, Jinwei , Zhang, Xuhui
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Dordrecht: Springer
ID: ISSN: 0032-079X
Link: http://pascal-francis.inist.fr/vibad/index.php?action=getRecordDetail&idt=25578707
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title: Effect of biochar amendment on maize yield and greenhouse gas emissions from a soil organic carbon poor calcareous loamy soil from Central China Plain
format: Article
creator:
  • Zhang, Afeng
  • Liu, Yuming
  • Pan, Genxing
  • Hussain, Qaiser
  • Li, Lianqing
  • Zheng, Jinwei
  • Zhang, Xuhui
subjects:
  • Agricultural research
  • Agricultural soils
  • Agrology
  • Agronomy. Soil science and plant productions
  • Animal, plant and microbial ecology
  • Biochar
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • calcareous soils
  • Carbon
  • Carbon content
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Chemical, physicochemical, biochemical and biological properties
  • Corn
  • Crop yields
  • Crops
  • Ecology
  • Emissions
  • Environmental aspects
  • Fertilization
  • Fertilizers
  • Forest soils
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • General agronomy. Plant production
  • Global warming
  • Greenhouse gas emissions
  • Greenhouse gases
  • Greenhouses
  • Growth
  • Life Sciences
  • Loam
  • Methane
  • Minerals
  • Organic carbon
  • Organic chemicals
  • Organic matter
  • Organic soils
  • Other nutrients. Amendments. Solid and liquid wastes. Sludges and slurries
  • Physics, chemistry, biochemistry and biology of agricultural and forest soils
  • Plains
  • Plant Physiology
  • Plant Sciences
  • Plant-soil relationships
  • Pollutant emissions
  • Regular Article
  • Soil
  • Soil amendments
  • Soil organic carbon
  • Soil science
  • Soil Science & Conservation
  • Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility
  • Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility. Fertilization. Amendments
  • Soils
  • Soils (calcareous)
  • Soils (organic)
  • Urea
  • Zea mays
ispartof: Plant and soil, 2012-01-01, Vol.351 (1-2), p.263-275
description: Aims A field experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of biochar on maize yield and greenhouse gases (GHGs) in a calcareous loamy soil poor in organic carbon from Henan, central great plain, China. Methods Biochar was applied at rates of 0, 20 and 40 tha−1 with or without N fertilization. With N fertilization, urea was applied at 300 kg N ha−1, of which 60% was applied as basal fertilizer and 40% as supplementary fertilizer during crop growth. Soil emissions of CO2, CH4 and N2O were monitored using closed chambers at 7 days intervals throughout the whole maize growing season (WMGS). Results Biochar amendments significantly increased maize production but decreased GHGs. Maize yield was increased by 15.8% and 7.3% without N fertilization, and by 8.8% and 12.1% with N fertilization under biochar amendment at 20 tha−1 and 40 tha−1, respectively. Total N2O emission was decreased by 10.7% and by 41.8% under biochar amendment at 20 tha−1 and 40 tha−1 compared to no biochar amendment with N fertilization. The high rate of biochar (40 tha−1) increased the total CO2 emission by 12% without N fertilization. Overall, biochar amendments of 20 tha−1 and 40 tha−1 decreased the total global warming potential (GWP) of CH4 and N2O by 9.8% and by 41.5% without N fertilization, and by 23.8% and 47.6% with N fertilization, respectively. Biochar amendments also decreased soil bulk density and increased soil total N contents but had no effect on soil mineral N. Conclusions These results suggest that application of biochar to calcareous and infertile dry croplands poor in soil organic carbon will enhance crop productivity and reduce GHGs emissions.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0032-079X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0032-079X
  • 1573-5036
url: Link


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titleEffect of biochar amendment on maize yield and greenhouse gas emissions from a soil organic carbon poor calcareous loamy soil from Central China Plain
creatorZhang, Afeng ; Liu, Yuming ; Pan, Genxing ; Hussain, Qaiser ; Li, Lianqing ; Zheng, Jinwei ; Zhang, Xuhui
creatorcontribZhang, Afeng ; Liu, Yuming ; Pan, Genxing ; Hussain, Qaiser ; Li, Lianqing ; Zheng, Jinwei ; Zhang, Xuhui
descriptionAims A field experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of biochar on maize yield and greenhouse gases (GHGs) in a calcareous loamy soil poor in organic carbon from Henan, central great plain, China. Methods Biochar was applied at rates of 0, 20 and 40 tha−1 with or without N fertilization. With N fertilization, urea was applied at 300 kg N ha−1, of which 60% was applied as basal fertilizer and 40% as supplementary fertilizer during crop growth. Soil emissions of CO2, CH4 and N2O were monitored using closed chambers at 7 days intervals throughout the whole maize growing season (WMGS). Results Biochar amendments significantly increased maize production but decreased GHGs. Maize yield was increased by 15.8% and 7.3% without N fertilization, and by 8.8% and 12.1% with N fertilization under biochar amendment at 20 tha−1 and 40 tha−1, respectively. Total N2O emission was decreased by 10.7% and by 41.8% under biochar amendment at 20 tha−1 and 40 tha−1 compared to no biochar amendment with N fertilization. The high rate of biochar (40 tha−1) increased the total CO2 emission by 12% without N fertilization. Overall, biochar amendments of 20 tha−1 and 40 tha−1 decreased the total global warming potential (GWP) of CH4 and N2O by 9.8% and by 41.5% without N fertilization, and by 23.8% and 47.6% with N fertilization, respectively. Biochar amendments also decreased soil bulk density and increased soil total N contents but had no effect on soil mineral N. Conclusions These results suggest that application of biochar to calcareous and infertile dry croplands poor in soil organic carbon will enhance crop productivity and reduce GHGs emissions.
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subjectAgricultural research ; Agricultural soils ; Agrology ; Agronomy. Soil science and plant productions ; Animal, plant and microbial ecology ; Biochar ; Biological and medical sciences ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; calcareous soils ; Carbon ; Carbon content ; Carbon dioxide ; Chemical, physicochemical, biochemical and biological properties ; Corn ; Crop yields ; Crops ; Ecology ; Emissions ; Environmental aspects ; Fertilization ; Fertilizers ; Forest soils ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; General agronomy. Plant production ; Global warming ; Greenhouse gas emissions ; Greenhouse gases ; Greenhouses ; Growth ; Life Sciences ; Loam ; Methane ; Minerals ; Organic carbon ; Organic chemicals ; Organic matter ; Organic soils ; Other nutrients. Amendments. Solid and liquid wastes. Sludges and slurries ; Physics, chemistry, biochemistry and biology of agricultural and forest soils ; Plains ; Plant Physiology ; Plant Sciences ; Plant-soil relationships ; Pollutant emissions ; Regular Article ; Soil ; Soil amendments ; Soil organic carbon ; Soil science ; Soil Science & Conservation ; Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility ; Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility. Fertilization. Amendments ; Soils ; Soils (calcareous) ; Soils (organic) ; Urea ; Zea mays
ispartofPlant and soil, 2012-01-01, Vol.351 (1-2), p.263-275
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5Zheng, Jinwei
6Zhang, Xuhui
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0Effect of biochar amendment on maize yield and greenhouse gas emissions from a soil organic carbon poor calcareous loamy soil from Central China Plain
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descriptionAims A field experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of biochar on maize yield and greenhouse gases (GHGs) in a calcareous loamy soil poor in organic carbon from Henan, central great plain, China. Methods Biochar was applied at rates of 0, 20 and 40 tha−1 with or without N fertilization. With N fertilization, urea was applied at 300 kg N ha−1, of which 60% was applied as basal fertilizer and 40% as supplementary fertilizer during crop growth. Soil emissions of CO2, CH4 and N2O were monitored using closed chambers at 7 days intervals throughout the whole maize growing season (WMGS). Results Biochar amendments significantly increased maize production but decreased GHGs. Maize yield was increased by 15.8% and 7.3% without N fertilization, and by 8.8% and 12.1% with N fertilization under biochar amendment at 20 tha−1 and 40 tha−1, respectively. Total N2O emission was decreased by 10.7% and by 41.8% under biochar amendment at 20 tha−1 and 40 tha−1 compared to no biochar amendment with N fertilization. The high rate of biochar (40 tha−1) increased the total CO2 emission by 12% without N fertilization. Overall, biochar amendments of 20 tha−1 and 40 tha−1 decreased the total global warming potential (GWP) of CH4 and N2O by 9.8% and by 41.5% without N fertilization, and by 23.8% and 47.6% with N fertilization, respectively. Biochar amendments also decreased soil bulk density and increased soil total N contents but had no effect on soil mineral N. Conclusions These results suggest that application of biochar to calcareous and infertile dry croplands poor in soil organic carbon will enhance crop productivity and reduce GHGs emissions.
subject
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2Agrology
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4Animal, plant and microbial ecology
5Biochar
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10Carbon content
11Carbon dioxide
12Chemical, physicochemical, biochemical and biological properties
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14Crop yields
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16Ecology
17Emissions
18Environmental aspects
19Fertilization
20Fertilizers
21Forest soils
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24Global warming
25Greenhouse gas emissions
26Greenhouse gases
27Greenhouses
28Growth
29Life Sciences
30Loam
31Methane
32Minerals
33Organic carbon
34Organic chemicals
35Organic matter
36Organic soils
37Other nutrients. Amendments. Solid and liquid wastes. Sludges and slurries
38Physics, chemistry, biochemistry and biology of agricultural and forest soils
39Plains
40Plant Physiology
41Plant Sciences
42Plant-soil relationships
43Pollutant emissions
44Regular Article
45Soil
46Soil amendments
47Soil organic carbon
48Soil science
49Soil Science & Conservation
50Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility
51Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility. Fertilization. Amendments
52Soils
53Soils (calcareous)
54Soils (organic)
55Urea
56Zea mays
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titleEffect of biochar amendment on maize yield and greenhouse gas emissions from a soil organic carbon poor calcareous loamy soil from Central China Plain
authorZhang, Afeng ; Liu, Yuming ; Pan, Genxing ; Hussain, Qaiser ; Li, Lianqing ; Zheng, Jinwei ; Zhang, Xuhui
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0Agricultural research
1Agricultural soils
2Agrology
3Agronomy. Soil science and plant productions
4Animal, plant and microbial ecology
5Biochar
6Biological and medical sciences
7Biomedical and Life Sciences
8calcareous soils
9Carbon
10Carbon content
11Carbon dioxide
12Chemical, physicochemical, biochemical and biological properties
13Corn
14Crop yields
15Crops
16Ecology
17Emissions
18Environmental aspects
19Fertilization
20Fertilizers
21Forest soils
22Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
23General agronomy. Plant production
24Global warming
25Greenhouse gas emissions
26Greenhouse gases
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29Life Sciences
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50Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility
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55Urea
56Zea mays
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atitleEffect of biochar amendment on maize yield and greenhouse gas emissions from a soil organic carbon poor calcareous loamy soil from Central China Plain
jtitlePlant and soil
stitlePlant Soil
date2012-01-01
risdate2012
volume351
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spage263
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pages263-275
issn0032-079X
eissn1573-5036
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abstractAims A field experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of biochar on maize yield and greenhouse gases (GHGs) in a calcareous loamy soil poor in organic carbon from Henan, central great plain, China. Methods Biochar was applied at rates of 0, 20 and 40 tha−1 with or without N fertilization. With N fertilization, urea was applied at 300 kg N ha−1, of which 60% was applied as basal fertilizer and 40% as supplementary fertilizer during crop growth. Soil emissions of CO2, CH4 and N2O were monitored using closed chambers at 7 days intervals throughout the whole maize growing season (WMGS). Results Biochar amendments significantly increased maize production but decreased GHGs. Maize yield was increased by 15.8% and 7.3% without N fertilization, and by 8.8% and 12.1% with N fertilization under biochar amendment at 20 tha−1 and 40 tha−1, respectively. Total N2O emission was decreased by 10.7% and by 41.8% under biochar amendment at 20 tha−1 and 40 tha−1 compared to no biochar amendment with N fertilization. The high rate of biochar (40 tha−1) increased the total CO2 emission by 12% without N fertilization. Overall, biochar amendments of 20 tha−1 and 40 tha−1 decreased the total global warming potential (GWP) of CH4 and N2O by 9.8% and by 41.5% without N fertilization, and by 23.8% and 47.6% with N fertilization, respectively. Biochar amendments also decreased soil bulk density and increased soil total N contents but had no effect on soil mineral N. Conclusions These results suggest that application of biochar to calcareous and infertile dry croplands poor in soil organic carbon will enhance crop productivity and reduce GHGs emissions.
copDordrecht
pubSpringer
doi10.1007/s11104-011-0957-x