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Factors affecting reproduction in rehabilitant female orangutans: young age at first birth and short inter-birth interval

This study investigated the reproductive parameters of free-ranging rehabilitant female orangutans. We aimed to assess the factors that influence these parameters and provide information that could assist with the management of orangutan reintroduction programs. We analyzed the birth records of free... Full description

Journal Title: Primates 2011-11-23, Vol.53 (2), p.181-192
Main Author: Kuze, Noko
Other Authors: Dellatore, David , Banes, Graham L , Pratje, Peter , Tajima, Tomoyuki , Russon, Anne E
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Age
Publisher: Japan: Springer Japan
ID: ISSN: 0032-8332
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22109351
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title: Factors affecting reproduction in rehabilitant female orangutans: young age at first birth and short inter-birth interval
format: Article
creator:
  • Kuze, Noko
  • Dellatore, David
  • Banes, Graham L
  • Pratje, Peter
  • Tajima, Tomoyuki
  • Russon, Anne E
subjects:
  • Age
  • Aging - physiology
  • Analysis
  • Animal Ecology
  • Animal reproduction
  • Animals
  • Behavior, Animal
  • Behavioral Sciences
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Borneo
  • Conservation of Natural Resources
  • Disease transmission
  • Evolutionary Biology
  • Female
  • Females
  • Immunogenetics
  • Indonesia
  • Infants
  • Life Sciences
  • Monkeys & apes
  • Orangutan
  • Original Article
  • Parturition
  • Patient outcomes
  • Pongo - physiology
  • Pregnancy
  • Primates
  • Sex Ratio
  • Universities and colleges
  • Zoology
  • Zoos
ispartof: Primates, 2011-11-23, Vol.53 (2), p.181-192
description: This study investigated the reproductive parameters of free-ranging rehabilitant female orangutans. We aimed to assess the factors that influence these parameters and provide information that could assist with the management of orangutan reintroduction programs. We analyzed the birth records of free-ranging female rehabilitants at Bukit Lawang, Bukit Tigapuluh, Sepilok, Camp Leakey, Kaja Island, Sungai Wain, and Meratus and compared them with reproductive parameters reported in wild and zoo populations. Females’ ages at first birth were 10.6–14.7 years, significantly earlier than those of wild and zoo orangutans. Computed inter-birth intervals (IBIs) calculated by the Kaplan–Meier method were 65.1–90.1 months; the values for Camp Leakey and Bukit Lawang rehabilitants were significantly shorter than those reported for wild Sumatran orangutans. Infant mortality rates were 18–61%; the values for Bukit Lawang and Sepilok were significantly higher than those reported for wild Sumatran and zoo orangutans. In rehabilitants, young ages at first birth and shorter IBIs may result from the high energy intake enabled by provisioning, although the possibility exists that they reflect underestimations of age on arrival at rehabilitation centers. The observed high infant mortality rate may reflect poor mothering skills due to human rearing and/or increased disease transmission. This study demonstrates that accelerated reproductive rates (younger age at first birth and shorter IBI) are common in provisioned rehabilitant females on both Sumatra and Borneo.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0032-8332
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0032-8332
  • 1610-7365
url: Link


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titleFactors affecting reproduction in rehabilitant female orangutans: young age at first birth and short inter-birth interval
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creatorcontribKuze, Noko ; Dellatore, David ; Banes, Graham L ; Pratje, Peter ; Tajima, Tomoyuki ; Russon, Anne E
descriptionThis study investigated the reproductive parameters of free-ranging rehabilitant female orangutans. We aimed to assess the factors that influence these parameters and provide information that could assist with the management of orangutan reintroduction programs. We analyzed the birth records of free-ranging female rehabilitants at Bukit Lawang, Bukit Tigapuluh, Sepilok, Camp Leakey, Kaja Island, Sungai Wain, and Meratus and compared them with reproductive parameters reported in wild and zoo populations. Females’ ages at first birth were 10.6–14.7 years, significantly earlier than those of wild and zoo orangutans. Computed inter-birth intervals (IBIs) calculated by the Kaplan–Meier method were 65.1–90.1 months; the values for Camp Leakey and Bukit Lawang rehabilitants were significantly shorter than those reported for wild Sumatran orangutans. Infant mortality rates were 18–61%; the values for Bukit Lawang and Sepilok were significantly higher than those reported for wild Sumatran and zoo orangutans. In rehabilitants, young ages at first birth and shorter IBIs may result from the high energy intake enabled by provisioning, although the possibility exists that they reflect underestimations of age on arrival at rehabilitation centers. The observed high infant mortality rate may reflect poor mothering skills due to human rearing and/or increased disease transmission. This study demonstrates that accelerated reproductive rates (younger age at first birth and shorter IBI) are common in provisioned rehabilitant females on both Sumatra and Borneo.
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subjectAge ; Aging - physiology ; Analysis ; Animal Ecology ; Animal reproduction ; Animals ; Behavior, Animal ; Behavioral Sciences ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Borneo ; Conservation of Natural Resources ; Disease transmission ; Evolutionary Biology ; Female ; Females ; Immunogenetics ; Indonesia ; Infants ; Life Sciences ; Monkeys & apes ; Orangutan ; Original Article ; Parturition ; Patient outcomes ; Pongo - physiology ; Pregnancy ; Primates ; Sex Ratio ; Universities and colleges ; Zoology ; Zoos
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descriptionThis study investigated the reproductive parameters of free-ranging rehabilitant female orangutans. We aimed to assess the factors that influence these parameters and provide information that could assist with the management of orangutan reintroduction programs. We analyzed the birth records of free-ranging female rehabilitants at Bukit Lawang, Bukit Tigapuluh, Sepilok, Camp Leakey, Kaja Island, Sungai Wain, and Meratus and compared them with reproductive parameters reported in wild and zoo populations. Females’ ages at first birth were 10.6–14.7 years, significantly earlier than those of wild and zoo orangutans. Computed inter-birth intervals (IBIs) calculated by the Kaplan–Meier method were 65.1–90.1 months; the values for Camp Leakey and Bukit Lawang rehabilitants were significantly shorter than those reported for wild Sumatran orangutans. Infant mortality rates were 18–61%; the values for Bukit Lawang and Sepilok were significantly higher than those reported for wild Sumatran and zoo orangutans. In rehabilitants, young ages at first birth and shorter IBIs may result from the high energy intake enabled by provisioning, although the possibility exists that they reflect underestimations of age on arrival at rehabilitation centers. The observed high infant mortality rate may reflect poor mothering skills due to human rearing and/or increased disease transmission. This study demonstrates that accelerated reproductive rates (younger age at first birth and shorter IBI) are common in provisioned rehabilitant females on both Sumatra and Borneo.
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abstractThis study investigated the reproductive parameters of free-ranging rehabilitant female orangutans. We aimed to assess the factors that influence these parameters and provide information that could assist with the management of orangutan reintroduction programs. We analyzed the birth records of free-ranging female rehabilitants at Bukit Lawang, Bukit Tigapuluh, Sepilok, Camp Leakey, Kaja Island, Sungai Wain, and Meratus and compared them with reproductive parameters reported in wild and zoo populations. Females’ ages at first birth were 10.6–14.7 years, significantly earlier than those of wild and zoo orangutans. Computed inter-birth intervals (IBIs) calculated by the Kaplan–Meier method were 65.1–90.1 months; the values for Camp Leakey and Bukit Lawang rehabilitants were significantly shorter than those reported for wild Sumatran orangutans. Infant mortality rates were 18–61%; the values for Bukit Lawang and Sepilok were significantly higher than those reported for wild Sumatran and zoo orangutans. In rehabilitants, young ages at first birth and shorter IBIs may result from the high energy intake enabled by provisioning, although the possibility exists that they reflect underestimations of age on arrival at rehabilitation centers. The observed high infant mortality rate may reflect poor mothering skills due to human rearing and/or increased disease transmission. This study demonstrates that accelerated reproductive rates (younger age at first birth and shorter IBI) are common in provisioned rehabilitant females on both Sumatra and Borneo.
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pmid22109351
doi10.1007/s10329-011-0285-z