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The Epidemiology of Firearm Violence in the Twenty-First Century United States

This brief review summarizes the basic epidemiology of firearm violence, a large and costly public health problem in the United States for which the mortality rate has remained unchanged for more than a decade. It presents findings for the present in light of recent trends. Risk for firearm violence... Full description

Journal Title: Annual review of public health 2015-03-18, Vol.36 (1), p.5-19
Main Author: Wintemute, Garen J
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: United States: Annual Reviews
ID: ISSN: 0163-7525
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25533263
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recordid: cdi_pubmed_primary_25533263
title: The Epidemiology of Firearm Violence in the Twenty-First Century United States
format: Article
creator:
  • Wintemute, Garen J
subjects:
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Continental Population Groups - statistics & numerical data
  • epidemiology
  • Female
  • Firearms
  • Gun violence
  • Health aspects
  • homicide
  • Homicide - statistics & numerical data
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Mass Casualty Incidents - mortality
  • Middle Aged
  • mortality
  • Prevalence studies (Epidemiology)
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Statistics
  • suicide
  • Suicide - statistics & numerical data
  • United States - epidemiology
  • Violence - statistics & numerical data
  • Wounds, Gunshot - epidemiology
  • Wounds, Gunshot - mortality
  • Young Adult
ispartof: Annual review of public health, 2015-03-18, Vol.36 (1), p.5-19
description: This brief review summarizes the basic epidemiology of firearm violence, a large and costly public health problem in the United States for which the mortality rate has remained unchanged for more than a decade. It presents findings for the present in light of recent trends. Risk for firearm violence varies substantially across demographic subsets of the population and between states in patterns that are quite different for suicide and homicide. Suicide is far more common than homicide and its rate is increasing; the homicide rate is decreasing. As with other important health problems, most cases of fatal firearm violence arise from large but low-risk subsets of the population; risk and burden of illness are not distributed symmetrically. Compared with other industrialized nations, the United States has uniquely high mortality rates from firearm violence.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0163-7525
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0163-7525
  • 1545-2093
url: Link


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descriptionThis brief review summarizes the basic epidemiology of firearm violence, a large and costly public health problem in the United States for which the mortality rate has remained unchanged for more than a decade. It presents findings for the present in light of recent trends. Risk for firearm violence varies substantially across demographic subsets of the population and between states in patterns that are quite different for suicide and homicide. Suicide is far more common than homicide and its rate is increasing; the homicide rate is decreasing. As with other important health problems, most cases of fatal firearm violence arise from large but low-risk subsets of the population; risk and burden of illness are not distributed symmetrically. Compared with other industrialized nations, the United States has uniquely high mortality rates from firearm violence.
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subjectAdolescent ; Adult ; Age Factors ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Continental Population Groups - statistics & numerical data ; epidemiology ; Female ; Firearms ; Gun violence ; Health aspects ; homicide ; Homicide - statistics & numerical data ; Humans ; Infant ; Male ; Mass Casualty Incidents - mortality ; Middle Aged ; mortality ; Prevalence studies (Epidemiology) ; Risk Factors ; Sex Factors ; Statistics ; suicide ; Suicide - statistics & numerical data ; United States - epidemiology ; Violence - statistics & numerical data ; Wounds, Gunshot - epidemiology ; Wounds, Gunshot - mortality ; Young Adult
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abstractThis brief review summarizes the basic epidemiology of firearm violence, a large and costly public health problem in the United States for which the mortality rate has remained unchanged for more than a decade. It presents findings for the present in light of recent trends. Risk for firearm violence varies substantially across demographic subsets of the population and between states in patterns that are quite different for suicide and homicide. Suicide is far more common than homicide and its rate is increasing; the homicide rate is decreasing. As with other important health problems, most cases of fatal firearm violence arise from large but low-risk subsets of the population; risk and burden of illness are not distributed symmetrically. Compared with other industrialized nations, the United States has uniquely high mortality rates from firearm violence.
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