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The Impact of Deployment on Parental, Family and Child Adjustment in Military Families

Since 9/11, military service in the United States has been characterized by wartime deployments and reintegration challenges that contribute to a context of stress for military families. Research indicates the negative impact of wartime deployment on the well being of service members, military spous... Full description

Journal Title: Child psychiatry and human development 2016-01-21, Vol.47 (6), p.938-949
Main Author: Lester, Patricia
Other Authors: Aralis, Hilary , Sinclair, Maegan , Kiff, Cara , Lee, Kyung-Hee , Mustillo, Sarah , Wadsworth, Shelley MacDermid
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: New York: Springer US
ID: ISSN: 0009-398X
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26797704
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recordid: cdi_pubmed_primary_26797704
title: The Impact of Deployment on Parental, Family and Child Adjustment in Military Families
format: Article
creator:
  • Lester, Patricia
  • Aralis, Hilary
  • Sinclair, Maegan
  • Kiff, Cara
  • Lee, Kyung-Hee
  • Mustillo, Sarah
  • Wadsworth, Shelley MacDermid
subjects:
  • Adjustment
  • Anxiety
  • Anxiety - diagnosis
  • Anxiety - etiology
  • Anxiety - prevention & control
  • Anxiety - psychology
  • Anxiety-Depression
  • Behavior
  • Behavioral health care
  • Behavioral Science and Psychology
  • Carers
  • Child
  • Child and School Psychology
  • Child Behavior - physiology
  • Child Behavior - psychology
  • Child, Preschool
  • Childhood
  • Children
  • Deployment
  • Domestic relations
  • Emotional Adjustment
  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Emotions
  • Employment - psychology
  • Families & family life
  • Family
  • Family functioning
  • Female
  • Guidance
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Military deployment
  • Military Family - psychology
  • Military personnel
  • Military service
  • Military wives
  • Neurosciences
  • Original Article
  • Parent-Child Relations
  • Parenting
  • Parents
  • Parents & parenting
  • Parents - psychology
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Psychiatry
  • Psychology
  • Psychology, Military - methods
  • Reintegration
  • Research institutes
  • Servicemen
  • Social Adjustment
  • Social anxiety
  • Social interactions
  • Spouses
  • Stress, Psychological
  • Terrorism
  • United States
  • Wellbeing
  • Young children
ispartof: Child psychiatry and human development, 2016-01-21, Vol.47 (6), p.938-949
description: Since 9/11, military service in the United States has been characterized by wartime deployments and reintegration challenges that contribute to a context of stress for military families. Research indicates the negative impact of wartime deployment on the well being of service members, military spouses, and children. Yet, few studies have considered how parental deployments may affect adjustment in young children and their families. Using deployment records and parent-reported measures from primary caregiving (N = 680) and military (n = 310) parents, we examined the influence of deployment on adjustment in military families with children ages 0–10 years. Greater deployment exposure was related to impaired family functioning and marital instability. Parental depressive and posttraumatic stress symptoms were associated with impairments in social emotional adjustment in young children, increased anxiety in early childhood, and adjustment problems in school-age children. Conversely, parental sensitivity was associated with improved social and emotional outcomes across childhood. These findings provide guidance to developing preventive approaches for military families with young children.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0009-398X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0009-398X
  • 1573-3327
url: Link


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creatorLester, Patricia ; Aralis, Hilary ; Sinclair, Maegan ; Kiff, Cara ; Lee, Kyung-Hee ; Mustillo, Sarah ; Wadsworth, Shelley MacDermid
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descriptionSince 9/11, military service in the United States has been characterized by wartime deployments and reintegration challenges that contribute to a context of stress for military families. Research indicates the negative impact of wartime deployment on the well being of service members, military spouses, and children. Yet, few studies have considered how parental deployments may affect adjustment in young children and their families. Using deployment records and parent-reported measures from primary caregiving (N = 680) and military (n = 310) parents, we examined the influence of deployment on adjustment in military families with children ages 0–10 years. Greater deployment exposure was related to impaired family functioning and marital instability. Parental depressive and posttraumatic stress symptoms were associated with impairments in social emotional adjustment in young children, increased anxiety in early childhood, and adjustment problems in school-age children. Conversely, parental sensitivity was associated with improved social and emotional outcomes across childhood. These findings provide guidance to developing preventive approaches for military families with young children.
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subjectAdjustment ; Anxiety ; Anxiety - diagnosis ; Anxiety - etiology ; Anxiety - prevention & control ; Anxiety - psychology ; Anxiety-Depression ; Behavior ; Behavioral health care ; Behavioral Science and Psychology ; Carers ; Child ; Child and School Psychology ; Child Behavior - physiology ; Child Behavior - psychology ; Child, Preschool ; Childhood ; Children ; Deployment ; Domestic relations ; Emotional Adjustment ; Emotional Intelligence ; Emotions ; Employment - psychology ; Families & family life ; Family ; Family functioning ; Female ; Guidance ; Humans ; Male ; Military deployment ; Military Family - psychology ; Military personnel ; Military service ; Military wives ; Neurosciences ; Original Article ; Parent-Child Relations ; Parenting ; Parents ; Parents & parenting ; Parents - psychology ; Posttraumatic stress disorder ; Psychiatry ; Psychology ; Psychology, Military - methods ; Reintegration ; Research institutes ; Servicemen ; Social Adjustment ; Social anxiety ; Social interactions ; Spouses ; Stress, Psychological ; Terrorism ; United States ; Wellbeing ; Young children
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descriptionSince 9/11, military service in the United States has been characterized by wartime deployments and reintegration challenges that contribute to a context of stress for military families. Research indicates the negative impact of wartime deployment on the well being of service members, military spouses, and children. Yet, few studies have considered how parental deployments may affect adjustment in young children and their families. Using deployment records and parent-reported measures from primary caregiving (N = 680) and military (n = 310) parents, we examined the influence of deployment on adjustment in military families with children ages 0–10 years. Greater deployment exposure was related to impaired family functioning and marital instability. Parental depressive and posttraumatic stress symptoms were associated with impairments in social emotional adjustment in young children, increased anxiety in early childhood, and adjustment problems in school-age children. Conversely, parental sensitivity was associated with improved social and emotional outcomes across childhood. These findings provide guidance to developing preventive approaches for military families with young children.
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3Anxiety - etiology
4Anxiety - prevention & control
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7Behavior
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26Family functioning
27Female
28Guidance
29Humans
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31Military deployment
32Military Family - psychology
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42Parents - psychology
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57Wellbeing
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abstractSince 9/11, military service in the United States has been characterized by wartime deployments and reintegration challenges that contribute to a context of stress for military families. Research indicates the negative impact of wartime deployment on the well being of service members, military spouses, and children. Yet, few studies have considered how parental deployments may affect adjustment in young children and their families. Using deployment records and parent-reported measures from primary caregiving (N = 680) and military (n = 310) parents, we examined the influence of deployment on adjustment in military families with children ages 0–10 years. Greater deployment exposure was related to impaired family functioning and marital instability. Parental depressive and posttraumatic stress symptoms were associated with impairments in social emotional adjustment in young children, increased anxiety in early childhood, and adjustment problems in school-age children. Conversely, parental sensitivity was associated with improved social and emotional outcomes across childhood. These findings provide guidance to developing preventive approaches for military families with young children.
copNew York
pubSpringer US
pmid26797704
doi10.1007/s10578-016-0624-9