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Small area statistics as markers for personal social status in the Scottish heart health study

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a deprivation index, calculated from small area statistics for postcode sectors, as a measure of individual social status in an epidemiological study of coronary heart disease (CHD). DESIGN: A baseline, cross sectional survey. SETTING: Twenty two local authority districts of S... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of epidemiology and community health (1979) 1996, Vol.50 (5), p.570-576
Main Author: Woodward, M
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Men
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: London: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd
ID: ISSN: 0143-005X
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recordid: cdi_pubmedcentral_primary_oai_pubmedcentral_nih_gov_1060352
title: Small area statistics as markers for personal social status in the Scottish heart health study
format: Article
creator:
  • Woodward, M
subjects:
  • Adult
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Congenital heart defects
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Coronary Disease - epidemiology
  • Coronary Disease - etiology
  • Employment
  • Epidemiology
  • Female
  • General aspects
  • Health Status Indicators
  • Housing
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Medical sciences
  • Men
  • Methodology
  • Methods
  • Middle Aged
  • Mortality
  • Occupations
  • Poverty
  • Predisposing factors
  • Prevalence
  • Public health. Hygiene
  • Public health. Hygiene-occupational medicine
  • Questionnaires
  • Research Article
  • Risk Factors
  • Scotland - epidemiology
  • Sex Factors
  • Social Class
  • Social classes
  • Statistics
ispartof: Journal of epidemiology and community health (1979), 1996, Vol.50 (5), p.570-576
description: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a deprivation index, calculated from small area statistics for postcode sectors, as a measure of individual social status in an epidemiological study of coronary heart disease (CHD). DESIGN: A baseline, cross sectional survey. SETTING: Twenty two local authority districts of Scotland surveyed between 1984 and 1986. SUBJECTS: A total of 10359 men and women aged 40-59 years randomly selected to the Scottish heart health study. MAIN RESULTS: The Scottish deprivation categorisation, derived from small area statistics, exhibits a strong linear trend (p = 0.001 or below) for individual prevalent CHD for men and women, unadjusted, and adjusted for major cardiovascular risk factors. The degree of association with CHD is similar to that for measures of social class based upon occupation. CONCLUSIONS: The Scottish deprivation categorisation is an effective measure of individual social status in the current study, broadly comparable in its effect with the more traditional classification derived from occupations. The latter has important problems in definition, especially for women. Small area statistics may provide a useful marker of individual social status in a more general epidemiological setting.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0143-005X
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0143-005X
  • 1470-2738
url: Link


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descriptionOBJECTIVE: To evaluate a deprivation index, calculated from small area statistics for postcode sectors, as a measure of individual social status in an epidemiological study of coronary heart disease (CHD). DESIGN: A baseline, cross sectional survey. SETTING: Twenty two local authority districts of Scotland surveyed between 1984 and 1986. SUBJECTS: A total of 10359 men and women aged 40-59 years randomly selected to the Scottish heart health study. MAIN RESULTS: The Scottish deprivation categorisation, derived from small area statistics, exhibits a strong linear trend (p = 0.001 or below) for individual prevalent CHD for men and women, unadjusted, and adjusted for major cardiovascular risk factors. The degree of association with CHD is similar to that for measures of social class based upon occupation. CONCLUSIONS: The Scottish deprivation categorisation is an effective measure of individual social status in the current study, broadly comparable in its effect with the more traditional classification derived from occupations. The latter has important problems in definition, especially for women. Small area statistics may provide a useful marker of individual social status in a more general epidemiological setting.
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subjectAdult ; Biological and medical sciences ; Congenital heart defects ; Coronary artery disease ; Coronary Disease - epidemiology ; Coronary Disease - etiology ; Employment ; Epidemiology ; Female ; General aspects ; Health Status Indicators ; Housing ; Humans ; Male ; Medical sciences ; Men ; Methodology ; Methods ; Middle Aged ; Mortality ; Occupations ; Poverty ; Predisposing factors ; Prevalence ; Public health. Hygiene ; Public health. Hygiene-occupational medicine ; Questionnaires ; Research Article ; Risk Factors ; Scotland - epidemiology ; Sex Factors ; Social Class ; Social classes ; Statistics
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descriptionOBJECTIVE: To evaluate a deprivation index, calculated from small area statistics for postcode sectors, as a measure of individual social status in an epidemiological study of coronary heart disease (CHD). DESIGN: A baseline, cross sectional survey. SETTING: Twenty two local authority districts of Scotland surveyed between 1984 and 1986. SUBJECTS: A total of 10359 men and women aged 40-59 years randomly selected to the Scottish heart health study. MAIN RESULTS: The Scottish deprivation categorisation, derived from small area statistics, exhibits a strong linear trend (p = 0.001 or below) for individual prevalent CHD for men and women, unadjusted, and adjusted for major cardiovascular risk factors. The degree of association with CHD is similar to that for measures of social class based upon occupation. CONCLUSIONS: The Scottish deprivation categorisation is an effective measure of individual social status in the current study, broadly comparable in its effect with the more traditional classification derived from occupations. The latter has important problems in definition, especially for women. Small area statistics may provide a useful marker of individual social status in a more general epidemiological setting.
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31Social Class
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33Statistics
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abstractOBJECTIVE: To evaluate a deprivation index, calculated from small area statistics for postcode sectors, as a measure of individual social status in an epidemiological study of coronary heart disease (CHD). DESIGN: A baseline, cross sectional survey. SETTING: Twenty two local authority districts of Scotland surveyed between 1984 and 1986. SUBJECTS: A total of 10359 men and women aged 40-59 years randomly selected to the Scottish heart health study. MAIN RESULTS: The Scottish deprivation categorisation, derived from small area statistics, exhibits a strong linear trend (p = 0.001 or below) for individual prevalent CHD for men and women, unadjusted, and adjusted for major cardiovascular risk factors. The degree of association with CHD is similar to that for measures of social class based upon occupation. CONCLUSIONS: The Scottish deprivation categorisation is an effective measure of individual social status in the current study, broadly comparable in its effect with the more traditional classification derived from occupations. The latter has important problems in definition, especially for women. Small area statistics may provide a useful marker of individual social status in a more general epidemiological setting.
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