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Plasma vitamin C and food choice in the third Glasgow MONICA population survey

STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine the contribution of different foods to the estimated intakes of vitamin C among those differing in plasma vitamin C levels, and thereby inform dietary strategies for correcting possible deficiency. DESIGN Cross sectional random population survey. SETTING North Glasgow, S... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of epidemiology and community health (1979) 2000-05, Vol.54 (5), p.355-360
Main Author: Wrieden, Wendy L
Other Authors: Hannah, Mary K , Bolton-Smith, Caroline , Tavendale, Roger , Morrison, Caroline , Tunstall-Pedoe, Hugh
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Men
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: London: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd
ID: ISSN: 0143-005X
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recordid: cdi_pubmedcentral_primary_oai_pubmedcentral_nih_gov_1731679
title: Plasma vitamin C and food choice in the third Glasgow MONICA population survey
format: Article
creator:
  • Wrieden, Wendy L
  • Hannah, Mary K
  • Bolton-Smith, Caroline
  • Tavendale, Roger
  • Morrison, Caroline
  • Tunstall-Pedoe, Hugh
subjects:
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Air. Soil. Water. Waste. Feeding
  • Ascorbic Acid - administration & dosage
  • Ascorbic Acid - blood
  • Ascorbic Acid Deficiency - diet therapy
  • Ascorbic Acid Deficiency - epidemiology
  • beverages
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Biomarkers - blood
  • Blood plasma
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Citrus fruits
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet - standards
  • Environment. Living conditions
  • Female
  • Food
  • food frequency
  • Food intake
  • fruit
  • Fruit juices
  • Fruits
  • Human physiology applied to population studies and life conditions. Human ecophysiology
  • Humans
  • Life Style
  • Male
  • Medical sciences
  • Men
  • Middle Aged
  • Nutritional survey. Food supply and nutritional requirement
  • Plasma
  • Potatoes
  • Public health. Hygiene
  • Public health. Hygiene-occupational medicine
  • Research Report
  • Research Reports
  • Scotland - epidemiology
  • Smoke curing
  • Smoking - epidemiology
  • Social Class
  • Vegetables
  • Vitamin C
ispartof: Journal of epidemiology and community health (1979), 2000-05, Vol.54 (5), p.355-360
description: STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine the contribution of different foods to the estimated intakes of vitamin C among those differing in plasma vitamin C levels, and thereby inform dietary strategies for correcting possible deficiency. DESIGN Cross sectional random population survey. SETTING North Glasgow, Scotland, 1992. PARTICIPANTS 632 men and 635 women, aged 25 to 74 years, not taking vitamin supplements, who participated in the third MONICA study (population survey monitoring trends and determinants of cardiovascular disease). MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS Dietary and sociodemographic information was collected using a food frequency and lifestyle questionnaire. Plasma vitamin C was measured in non-fasted venous blood samples and subjects categorised by cut points of 11.4 and 22.7 μmol/l as being of low, marginal or optimal vitamin C status. Food sources of dietary vitamin C were identified for subjects in these categories. Plasma vitamin C concentrations were compared among groups classified according to intake of key foods. More men (26%) than women (14%) were in the low category for vitamin C status; as were a higher percentage of smokers and of those in the older age groups. Intake of vitamin C from potatoes and chips (fried potatoes) was uniform across categories; while the determinants of optimal versus low status were the intakes of citrus fruit, non-citrus fruit and fruit juice. Optimal status was achieved by a combined frequency of fruit, vegetables and/or fruit juice of three times a day or more except in older male smokers where a frequency greater than this was required even to reach a marginal plasma vitamin C level. CONCLUSION Fruit, vegetables and/or fruit juice three or more times a day increases plasma vitamin C concentrations above the threshold for risk of deficiency.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0143-005X
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0143-005X
  • 1470-2738
url: Link


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creatorWrieden, Wendy L ; Hannah, Mary K ; Bolton-Smith, Caroline ; Tavendale, Roger ; Morrison, Caroline ; Tunstall-Pedoe, Hugh
creatorcontribWrieden, Wendy L ; Hannah, Mary K ; Bolton-Smith, Caroline ; Tavendale, Roger ; Morrison, Caroline ; Tunstall-Pedoe, Hugh
descriptionSTUDY OBJECTIVE To determine the contribution of different foods to the estimated intakes of vitamin C among those differing in plasma vitamin C levels, and thereby inform dietary strategies for correcting possible deficiency. DESIGN Cross sectional random population survey. SETTING North Glasgow, Scotland, 1992. PARTICIPANTS 632 men and 635 women, aged 25 to 74 years, not taking vitamin supplements, who participated in the third MONICA study (population survey monitoring trends and determinants of cardiovascular disease). MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS Dietary and sociodemographic information was collected using a food frequency and lifestyle questionnaire. Plasma vitamin C was measured in non-fasted venous blood samples and subjects categorised by cut points of 11.4 and 22.7 μmol/l as being of low, marginal or optimal vitamin C status. Food sources of dietary vitamin C were identified for subjects in these categories. Plasma vitamin C concentrations were compared among groups classified according to intake of key foods. More men (26%) than women (14%) were in the low category for vitamin C status; as were a higher percentage of smokers and of those in the older age groups. Intake of vitamin C from potatoes and chips (fried potatoes) was uniform across categories; while the determinants of optimal versus low status were the intakes of citrus fruit, non-citrus fruit and fruit juice. Optimal status was achieved by a combined frequency of fruit, vegetables and/or fruit juice of three times a day or more except in older male smokers where a frequency greater than this was required even to reach a marginal plasma vitamin C level. CONCLUSION Fruit, vegetables and/or fruit juice three or more times a day increases plasma vitamin C concentrations above the threshold for risk of deficiency.
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subjectAdult ; Aged ; Air. Soil. Water. Waste. Feeding ; Ascorbic Acid - administration & dosage ; Ascorbic Acid - blood ; Ascorbic Acid Deficiency - diet therapy ; Ascorbic Acid Deficiency - epidemiology ; beverages ; Biological and medical sciences ; Biomarkers - blood ; Blood plasma ; Cardiovascular disease ; Citrus fruits ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Diet - standards ; Environment. Living conditions ; Female ; Food ; food frequency ; Food intake ; fruit ; Fruit juices ; Fruits ; Human physiology applied to population studies and life conditions. Human ecophysiology ; Humans ; Life Style ; Male ; Medical sciences ; Men ; Middle Aged ; Nutritional survey. Food supply and nutritional requirement ; Plasma ; Potatoes ; Public health. Hygiene ; Public health. Hygiene-occupational medicine ; Research Report ; Research Reports ; Scotland - epidemiology ; Smoke curing ; Smoking - epidemiology ; Social Class ; Vegetables ; Vitamin C
ispartofJournal of epidemiology and community health (1979), 2000-05, Vol.54 (5), p.355-360
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descriptionSTUDY OBJECTIVE To determine the contribution of different foods to the estimated intakes of vitamin C among those differing in plasma vitamin C levels, and thereby inform dietary strategies for correcting possible deficiency. DESIGN Cross sectional random population survey. SETTING North Glasgow, Scotland, 1992. PARTICIPANTS 632 men and 635 women, aged 25 to 74 years, not taking vitamin supplements, who participated in the third MONICA study (population survey monitoring trends and determinants of cardiovascular disease). MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS Dietary and sociodemographic information was collected using a food frequency and lifestyle questionnaire. Plasma vitamin C was measured in non-fasted venous blood samples and subjects categorised by cut points of 11.4 and 22.7 μmol/l as being of low, marginal or optimal vitamin C status. Food sources of dietary vitamin C were identified for subjects in these categories. Plasma vitamin C concentrations were compared among groups classified according to intake of key foods. More men (26%) than women (14%) were in the low category for vitamin C status; as were a higher percentage of smokers and of those in the older age groups. Intake of vitamin C from potatoes and chips (fried potatoes) was uniform across categories; while the determinants of optimal versus low status were the intakes of citrus fruit, non-citrus fruit and fruit juice. Optimal status was achieved by a combined frequency of fruit, vegetables and/or fruit juice of three times a day or more except in older male smokers where a frequency greater than this was required even to reach a marginal plasma vitamin C level. CONCLUSION Fruit, vegetables and/or fruit juice three or more times a day increases plasma vitamin C concentrations above the threshold for risk of deficiency.
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3Ascorbic Acid - administration & dosage
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5Ascorbic Acid Deficiency - diet therapy
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36Research Reports
37Scotland - epidemiology
38Smoke curing
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42Vitamin C
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38Smoke curing
39Smoking - epidemiology
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abstractSTUDY OBJECTIVE To determine the contribution of different foods to the estimated intakes of vitamin C among those differing in plasma vitamin C levels, and thereby inform dietary strategies for correcting possible deficiency. DESIGN Cross sectional random population survey. SETTING North Glasgow, Scotland, 1992. PARTICIPANTS 632 men and 635 women, aged 25 to 74 years, not taking vitamin supplements, who participated in the third MONICA study (population survey monitoring trends and determinants of cardiovascular disease). MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS Dietary and sociodemographic information was collected using a food frequency and lifestyle questionnaire. Plasma vitamin C was measured in non-fasted venous blood samples and subjects categorised by cut points of 11.4 and 22.7 μmol/l as being of low, marginal or optimal vitamin C status. Food sources of dietary vitamin C were identified for subjects in these categories. Plasma vitamin C concentrations were compared among groups classified according to intake of key foods. More men (26%) than women (14%) were in the low category for vitamin C status; as were a higher percentage of smokers and of those in the older age groups. Intake of vitamin C from potatoes and chips (fried potatoes) was uniform across categories; while the determinants of optimal versus low status were the intakes of citrus fruit, non-citrus fruit and fruit juice. Optimal status was achieved by a combined frequency of fruit, vegetables and/or fruit juice of three times a day or more except in older male smokers where a frequency greater than this was required even to reach a marginal plasma vitamin C level. CONCLUSION Fruit, vegetables and/or fruit juice three or more times a day increases plasma vitamin C concentrations above the threshold for risk of deficiency.
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