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Prevalence and molecular characteristics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among pigs on German farms and import of livestock-related MRSA into hospitals

The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and molecular characteristics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among pigs and estimate the impact of this animal reservoir on human healthcare. Nasal swabs were derived from 1,600 pigs at 40 German farms. The MRSA were charact... Full description

Journal Title: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases 2009, Vol.28 (11), p.1375-1382
Main Author: Kock, R
Other Authors: Harlizius, J , Bressan, N , Laerberg, R , Wieler, L.H , Witte, W , Deurenberg, R.H , Voss, A , Becker, K , Frieich, A.W
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag
ID: ISSN: 0934-9723
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recordid: cdi_pubmedcentral_primary_oai_pubmedcentral_nih_gov_2772956
title: Prevalence and molecular characteristics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among pigs on German farms and import of livestock-related MRSA into hospitals
format: Article
creator:
  • Kock, R
  • Harlizius, J
  • Bressan, N
  • Laerberg, R
  • Wieler, L.H
  • Witte, W
  • Deurenberg, R.H
  • Voss, A
  • Becker, K
  • Frieich, A.W
subjects:
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Agricultural industry
  • Agriculture
  • Animals
  • Article
  • Bacterial
  • Bacterial diseases
  • bacterial infections
  • Bacterial Typing Techniques
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Biomedicine
  • Carrier State
  • Carrier State - microbiology
  • Carrier State - veterinary
  • Cattle
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cross Infection
  • Cross Infection - epidemiology
  • Cross Infection - microbiology
  • DNA Fingerprinting
  • DNA, Bacterial - genetics
  • Drug resistance in microorganisms
  • Farms
  • Female
  • Genotype
  • Germany
  • Germany - epidemiology
  • Hospitals
  • Human bacterial diseases
  • Humans
  • Imports
  • Infant
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Internal Medicine
  • Livestock
  • Male
  • Medical Microbiology
  • Medical sciences
  • Methicillin
  • Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus - classification
  • Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus - genetics
  • Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus - isolation & purification
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Epidemiology
  • mycoses
  • Nasal Cavity
  • Nasal Cavity - microbiology
  • Nosocomial infections
  • over
  • Pork industry
  • Preschool
  • Prevalence
  • Prevalence studies (Epidemiology)
  • Reservoirs
  • Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  • Risk Factors
  • Staphylococcal Infections
  • Staphylococcal Infections - epidemiology
  • Staphylococcal Infections - microbiology
  • Staphylococcal Infections - veterinary
  • Staphylococcal infections, streptococcal infections, pneumococcal infections
  • Staphylococcus aureus
  • Staphylococcus aureus infections
  • Swine
  • Swine Diseases
  • Swine Diseases - epidemiology
  • Swine Diseases - microbiology
  • Young Adult
  • Zoonoses
  • Zoonoses - epidemiology
  • Zoonoses - microbiology
  • Zoonoses - transmission
ispartof: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, 2009, Vol.28 (11), p.1375-1382
description: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and molecular characteristics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among pigs and estimate the impact of this animal reservoir on human healthcare. Nasal swabs were derived from 1,600 pigs at 40 German farms. The MRSA were characterized using S. aureus protein A (spa) typing, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and detection of toxin genes. In a retrospective case control study, we compared risk factors for the carriage of MRSA between patients carrying spa types found among regional pigs and patients with other MRSA molecular types. Pigs carrying MRSA were identified on 70% of the farms (spa types t011, t034, t108, t1451 and t2510, all associated with MLST sequence type ST398). Contact to pigs and cattle were independent risk factors for the carriage of these spa types in patients at hospital admission. Our results indicate that livestock represents a relevant reservoir for the import of MRSA into regional German hospitals.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0934-9723
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0934-9723
  • 1435-4373
url: Link


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titlePrevalence and molecular characteristics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among pigs on German farms and import of livestock-related MRSA into hospitals
creatorKock, R ; Harlizius, J ; Bressan, N ; Laerberg, R ; Wieler, L.H ; Witte, W ; Deurenberg, R.H ; Voss, A ; Becker, K ; Frieich, A.W
creatorcontribKock, R ; Harlizius, J ; Bressan, N ; Laerberg, R ; Wieler, L.H ; Witte, W ; Deurenberg, R.H ; Voss, A ; Becker, K ; Frieich, A.W
descriptionThe aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and molecular characteristics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among pigs and estimate the impact of this animal reservoir on human healthcare. Nasal swabs were derived from 1,600 pigs at 40 German farms. The MRSA were characterized using S. aureus protein A (spa) typing, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and detection of toxin genes. In a retrospective case control study, we compared risk factors for the carriage of MRSA between patients carrying spa types found among regional pigs and patients with other MRSA molecular types. Pigs carrying MRSA were identified on 70% of the farms (spa types t011, t034, t108, t1451 and t2510, all associated with MLST sequence type ST398). Contact to pigs and cattle were independent risk factors for the carriage of these spa types in patients at hospital admission. Our results indicate that livestock represents a relevant reservoir for the import of MRSA into regional German hospitals.
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subjectAdolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Agricultural industry ; Agriculture ; Animals ; Article ; Bacterial ; Bacterial diseases ; bacterial infections ; Bacterial Typing Techniques ; Biological and medical sciences ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Biomedicine ; Carrier State ; Carrier State - microbiology ; Carrier State - veterinary ; Cattle ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Cross Infection ; Cross Infection - epidemiology ; Cross Infection - microbiology ; DNA Fingerprinting ; DNA, Bacterial - genetics ; Drug resistance in microorganisms ; Farms ; Female ; Genotype ; Germany ; Germany - epidemiology ; Hospitals ; Human bacterial diseases ; Humans ; Imports ; Infant ; Infectious Diseases ; Internal Medicine ; Livestock ; Male ; Medical Microbiology ; Medical sciences ; Methicillin ; Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus - classification ; Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus - genetics ; Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus - isolation & purification ; Microbiology (medical) ; Middle Aged ; Molecular Epidemiology ; mycoses ; Nasal Cavity ; Nasal Cavity - microbiology ; Nosocomial infections ; over ; Pork industry ; Preschool ; Prevalence ; Prevalence studies (Epidemiology) ; Reservoirs ; Resistant Staphylococcus aureus ; Risk Factors ; Staphylococcal Infections ; Staphylococcal Infections - epidemiology ; Staphylococcal Infections - microbiology ; Staphylococcal Infections - veterinary ; Staphylococcal infections, streptococcal infections, pneumococcal infections ; Staphylococcus aureus ; Staphylococcus aureus infections ; Swine ; Swine Diseases ; Swine Diseases - epidemiology ; Swine Diseases - microbiology ; Young Adult ; Zoonoses ; Zoonoses - epidemiology ; Zoonoses - microbiology ; Zoonoses - transmission
ispartofEuropean Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, 2009, Vol.28 (11), p.1375-1382
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7Voss, A
8Becker, K
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0Prevalence and molecular characteristics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among pigs on German farms and import of livestock-related MRSA into hospitals
1European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
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descriptionThe aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and molecular characteristics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among pigs and estimate the impact of this animal reservoir on human healthcare. Nasal swabs were derived from 1,600 pigs at 40 German farms. The MRSA were characterized using S. aureus protein A (spa) typing, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and detection of toxin genes. In a retrospective case control study, we compared risk factors for the carriage of MRSA between patients carrying spa types found among regional pigs and patients with other MRSA molecular types. Pigs carrying MRSA were identified on 70% of the farms (spa types t011, t034, t108, t1451 and t2510, all associated with MLST sequence type ST398). Contact to pigs and cattle were independent risk factors for the carriage of these spa types in patients at hospital admission. Our results indicate that livestock represents a relevant reservoir for the import of MRSA into regional German hospitals.
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11Bacterial Typing Techniques
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13Biomedical and Life Sciences
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15Carrier State
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18Cattle
19Child
20Child, Preschool
21Cross Infection
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24DNA Fingerprinting
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titlePrevalence and molecular characteristics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among pigs on German farms and import of livestock-related MRSA into hospitals
authorKock, R ; Harlizius, J ; Bressan, N ; Laerberg, R ; Wieler, L.H ; Witte, W ; Deurenberg, R.H ; Voss, A ; Becker, K ; Frieich, A.W
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19Child
20Child, Preschool
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69Swine
70Swine Diseases
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atitlePrevalence and molecular characteristics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among pigs on German farms and import of livestock-related MRSA into hospitals
jtitleEuropean Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
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issn0934-9723
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abstractThe aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and molecular characteristics of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among pigs and estimate the impact of this animal reservoir on human healthcare. Nasal swabs were derived from 1,600 pigs at 40 German farms. The MRSA were characterized using S. aureus protein A (spa) typing, multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and detection of toxin genes. In a retrospective case control study, we compared risk factors for the carriage of MRSA between patients carrying spa types found among regional pigs and patients with other MRSA molecular types. Pigs carrying MRSA were identified on 70% of the farms (spa types t011, t034, t108, t1451 and t2510, all associated with MLST sequence type ST398). Contact to pigs and cattle were independent risk factors for the carriage of these spa types in patients at hospital admission. Our results indicate that livestock represents a relevant reservoir for the import of MRSA into regional German hospitals.
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pubSpringer-Verlag
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