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Paternal Incarceration and Support for Children in Fragile Families

High U.S. incarceration rates have motivated recent research on the negative effects of imprisonment on later employment, earnings, and family relationships. Because most men in jail and prison are fathers, a large number of children may be placed at considerable risk by policies of incarceration. T... Full description

Journal Title: Demography 2011, Vol.48 (1), p.25-47
Main Author: Geller, Amanda
Other Authors: Garfinkel, Irwin , Western, Bruce
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Men
Publisher: Boston: Springer
ID: ISSN: 0070-3370
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21318455
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recordid: cdi_pubmedcentral_primary_oai_pubmedcentral_nih_gov_3220952
title: Paternal Incarceration and Support for Children in Fragile Families
format: Article
creator:
  • Geller, Amanda
  • Garfinkel, Irwin
  • Western, Bruce
subjects:
  • Article
  • Child
  • Child support
  • Child welfare
  • Child Welfare - economics
  • Children
  • Children & youth
  • CHILDREN AND YOUNG ADULTS
  • Children of prisoners
  • Criminal punishment
  • Criminal sentences
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Demography
  • Economic aspects
  • Employment
  • Employment - economics
  • Employment - trends
  • Families & family life
  • Family
  • Family Characteristics
  • Family Relations
  • Fatherhood
  • Fathers
  • Financial Support
  • general
  • Geography
  • Humans
  • Imprisonment
  • Incarceration
  • Informal economy
  • Jails
  • Labor market
  • Labor markets
  • Linear Models
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Males
  • Medicine/Public Health
  • Men
  • Nonresidents
  • Parents
  • Parents & parenting
  • Population
  • Population Economics
  • Prisoners - statistics & numerical data
  • Prisons
  • Psychological aspects
  • Regression analysis
  • Risk
  • Social policy
  • Social Sciences
  • Social support
  • Social welfare
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Socioeconomic status
  • Sociology
  • Stigma
  • Studies
  • U.S.A
  • United States
  • Urban Population
ispartof: Demography, 2011, Vol.48 (1), p.25-47
description: High U.S. incarceration rates have motivated recent research on the negative effects of imprisonment on later employment, earnings, and family relationships. Because most men in jail and prison are fathers, a large number of children may be placed at considerable risk by policies of incarceration. This article examines one dimension of the economic risk faced by children of incarcerated fathers: the reduction in the financial support that they receive. We use a population-based sample of urban children to examine the effects of incarceration on this support. Both crosssectional and longitudinal regressions indicate that formerly incarcerated men are less likely to contribute to their families, and those who do contribute provide significantly less. The negative effects of incarceration on fathers' financial support are due not only to the low earnings of formerly incarcerated men but also to their increased likelihood to live apart from their children. Men contribute far less through child support (formal or informal) than they do when they share their earnings within their household, suggesting that the destabilizing effects of incarceration on family relationships place children at significant economic disadvantage.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0070-3370
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0070-3370
  • 1533-7790
url: Link


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descriptionHigh U.S. incarceration rates have motivated recent research on the negative effects of imprisonment on later employment, earnings, and family relationships. Because most men in jail and prison are fathers, a large number of children may be placed at considerable risk by policies of incarceration. This article examines one dimension of the economic risk faced by children of incarcerated fathers: the reduction in the financial support that they receive. We use a population-based sample of urban children to examine the effects of incarceration on this support. Both crosssectional and longitudinal regressions indicate that formerly incarcerated men are less likely to contribute to their families, and those who do contribute provide significantly less. The negative effects of incarceration on fathers' financial support are due not only to the low earnings of formerly incarcerated men but also to their increased likelihood to live apart from their children. Men contribute far less through child support (formal or informal) than they do when they share their earnings within their household, suggesting that the destabilizing effects of incarceration on family relationships place children at significant economic disadvantage.
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subjectArticle ; Child ; Child support ; Child welfare ; Child Welfare - economics ; Children ; Children & youth ; CHILDREN AND YOUNG ADULTS ; Children of prisoners ; Criminal punishment ; Criminal sentences ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Demography ; Economic aspects ; Employment ; Employment - economics ; Employment - trends ; Families & family life ; Family ; Family Characteristics ; Family Relations ; Fatherhood ; Fathers ; Financial Support ; general ; Geography ; Humans ; Imprisonment ; Incarceration ; Informal economy ; Jails ; Labor market ; Labor markets ; Linear Models ; Longitudinal Studies ; Male ; Males ; Medicine/Public Health ; Men ; Nonresidents ; Parents ; Parents & parenting ; Population ; Population Economics ; Prisoners - statistics & numerical data ; Prisons ; Psychological aspects ; Regression analysis ; Risk ; Social policy ; Social Sciences ; Social support ; Social welfare ; Socioeconomic Factors ; Socioeconomic status ; Sociology ; Stigma ; Studies ; U.S.A ; United States ; Urban Population
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descriptionHigh U.S. incarceration rates have motivated recent research on the negative effects of imprisonment on later employment, earnings, and family relationships. Because most men in jail and prison are fathers, a large number of children may be placed at considerable risk by policies of incarceration. This article examines one dimension of the economic risk faced by children of incarcerated fathers: the reduction in the financial support that they receive. We use a population-based sample of urban children to examine the effects of incarceration on this support. Both crosssectional and longitudinal regressions indicate that formerly incarcerated men are less likely to contribute to their families, and those who do contribute provide significantly less. The negative effects of incarceration on fathers' financial support are due not only to the low earnings of formerly incarcerated men but also to their increased likelihood to live apart from their children. Men contribute far less through child support (formal or informal) than they do when they share their earnings within their household, suggesting that the destabilizing effects of incarceration on family relationships place children at significant economic disadvantage.
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abstractHigh U.S. incarceration rates have motivated recent research on the negative effects of imprisonment on later employment, earnings, and family relationships. Because most men in jail and prison are fathers, a large number of children may be placed at considerable risk by policies of incarceration. This article examines one dimension of the economic risk faced by children of incarcerated fathers: the reduction in the financial support that they receive. We use a population-based sample of urban children to examine the effects of incarceration on this support. Both crosssectional and longitudinal regressions indicate that formerly incarcerated men are less likely to contribute to their families, and those who do contribute provide significantly less. The negative effects of incarceration on fathers' financial support are due not only to the low earnings of formerly incarcerated men but also to their increased likelihood to live apart from their children. Men contribute far less through child support (formal or informal) than they do when they share their earnings within their household, suggesting that the destabilizing effects of incarceration on family relationships place children at significant economic disadvantage.
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