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Ethnic identity and gender as moderators of the association between discrimination and academic adjustment among Mexican-origin adolescents

Abstract Existing work has identified perceived discrimination as a risk factor that may contribute to the relatively poorer academic outcomes exhibited by Mexican-origin adolescents in the U.S. The current study examined the longitudinal associations among perceived discrimination and three indices... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of adolescence (London England.), 2012-08, Vol.35 (4), p.773-786
Main Author: Umaña-Taylor, Adriana J
Other Authors: Wong, Jessie J , Gonzales, Nancy A , Dumka, Larry E
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Sex
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: Kidlington: Elsevier Ltd
ID: ISSN: 0140-1971
Zum Text:
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recordid: cdi_pubmedcentral_primary_oai_pubmedcentral_nih_gov_3360999
title: Ethnic identity and gender as moderators of the association between discrimination and academic adjustment among Mexican-origin adolescents
format: Article
creator:
  • Umaña-Taylor, Adriana J
  • Wong, Jessie J
  • Gonzales, Nancy A
  • Dumka, Larry E
subjects:
  • Academic adjustment
  • Adjustment
  • Adolescent
  • Adolescents
  • Article
  • Behavior
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Cultural identity
  • Discrimination
  • education
  • Educational psychology
  • Educational Status
  • Ethnic Identity
  • Ethnicity
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • Gender
  • Humans
  • Latino
  • Male
  • Males
  • Mexican Americans - psychology
  • Pediatrics
  • Prejudice - psychology
  • Psychology, Adolescent
  • Psychology. Psychoanalysis. Psychiatry
  • Psychology. Psychophysiology
  • Pupil and student. Academic achievement and failure
  • Racial discrimination
  • Risk Factors
  • Schools
  • Sex
  • Sex Factors
  • Sexism
  • Social Adjustment
  • Social Identification
  • Social interactions. Communication. Group processes
  • Social psychology
  • Southwestern United States
  • Teenagers
ispartof: Journal of adolescence (London, England.), 2012-08, Vol.35 (4), p.773-786
description: Abstract Existing work has identified perceived discrimination as a risk factor that may contribute to the relatively poorer academic outcomes exhibited by Mexican-origin adolescents in the U.S. The current study examined the longitudinal associations among perceived discrimination and three indices of adolescent adjustment in the school setting (i.e., grade point average, teacher reports of externalizing, adolescents’ deviant peer associations) among 178 Mexican-origin adolescents (53% female). Ethnic identity affirmation was examined as a protective factor expected to reduce the negative effects of discrimination on adolescents’ adjustment, and gender was examined as a potential moderator of the associations of interest. Findings indicated that the deleterious effects of discrimination on adolescents’ adjustment in school were particularly salient for Mexican-origin male adolescents. Importantly, ethnic identity affirmation emerged as a protective factor for Mexican-origin male adolescents by buffering the negative effects of discrimination on their externalizing behaviors in school.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0140-1971
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0140-1971
  • 1095-9254
url: Link


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descriptionAbstract Existing work has identified perceived discrimination as a risk factor that may contribute to the relatively poorer academic outcomes exhibited by Mexican-origin adolescents in the U.S. The current study examined the longitudinal associations among perceived discrimination and three indices of adolescent adjustment in the school setting (i.e., grade point average, teacher reports of externalizing, adolescents’ deviant peer associations) among 178 Mexican-origin adolescents (53% female). Ethnic identity affirmation was examined as a protective factor expected to reduce the negative effects of discrimination on adolescents’ adjustment, and gender was examined as a potential moderator of the associations of interest. Findings indicated that the deleterious effects of discrimination on adolescents’ adjustment in school were particularly salient for Mexican-origin male adolescents. Importantly, ethnic identity affirmation emerged as a protective factor for Mexican-origin male adolescents by buffering the negative effects of discrimination on their externalizing behaviors in school.
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subjectAcademic adjustment ; Adjustment ; Adolescent ; Adolescents ; Article ; Behavior ; Biological and medical sciences ; Cultural identity ; Discrimination ; education ; Educational psychology ; Educational Status ; Ethnic Identity ; Ethnicity ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; Gender ; Humans ; Latino ; Male ; Males ; Mexican Americans - psychology ; Pediatrics ; Prejudice - psychology ; Psychology, Adolescent ; Psychology. Psychoanalysis. Psychiatry ; Psychology. Psychophysiology ; Pupil and student. Academic achievement and failure ; Racial discrimination ; Risk Factors ; Schools ; Sex ; Sex Factors ; Sexism ; Social Adjustment ; Social Identification ; Social interactions. Communication. Group processes ; Social psychology ; Southwestern United States ; Teenagers
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abstractAbstract Existing work has identified perceived discrimination as a risk factor that may contribute to the relatively poorer academic outcomes exhibited by Mexican-origin adolescents in the U.S. The current study examined the longitudinal associations among perceived discrimination and three indices of adolescent adjustment in the school setting (i.e., grade point average, teacher reports of externalizing, adolescents’ deviant peer associations) among 178 Mexican-origin adolescents (53% female). Ethnic identity affirmation was examined as a protective factor expected to reduce the negative effects of discrimination on adolescents’ adjustment, and gender was examined as a potential moderator of the associations of interest. Findings indicated that the deleterious effects of discrimination on adolescents’ adjustment in school were particularly salient for Mexican-origin male adolescents. Importantly, ethnic identity affirmation emerged as a protective factor for Mexican-origin male adolescents by buffering the negative effects of discrimination on their externalizing behaviors in school.
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