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Anti-bacterial activity and brine shrimp lethality bioassay of methanolic extracts of fourteen different edible vegetables from Bangladesh

Objective:To investigate the antibacterial and cytotoxic activity of fourteen different edible vegetables methanolic extract from Bangladesh.Methods:The antibacterial activity was evaluated using disc diffusion assay method against 12 bacteria(both gram positive and gram negative).The plant extracts... Full description

Journal Title: Asian Pacific journal of tropical biomedicine 2013, Vol.3 (1), p.1-7
Main Author: Ullah, M. Obayed
Other Authors: Haque, Mahmuda , Urmi, Kaniz Fatima , Md. Zulfiker, Abu Hasanat , Anita, Elichea Synthi , Begum, Momtaj , Hamid, Kaiser
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: China: Elsevier B.V
ID: ISSN: 2221-1691
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23570009
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recordid: cdi_pubmedcentral_primary_oai_pubmedcentral_nih_gov_3609385
title: Anti-bacterial activity and brine shrimp lethality bioassay of methanolic extracts of fourteen different edible vegetables from Bangladesh
format: Article
creator:
  • Ullah, M. Obayed
  • Haque, Mahmuda
  • Urmi, Kaniz Fatima
  • Md. Zulfiker, Abu Hasanat
  • Anita, Elichea Synthi
  • Begum, Momtaj
  • Hamid, Kaiser
subjects:
  • Animals
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents - pharmacology
  • Antibacterial
  • Artemia - drug effects
  • Bacteria - drug effects
  • Bangladesh
  • Bangladeshi
  • Bangladeshi vegetables
  • Brine
  • Brine shrimp lethality
  • diffusion
  • Disc
  • Disc diffusion
  • Lethal Dose 50
  • lethality
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Original
  • Original Article
  • Plant Extracts - pharmacology
  • Plant Extracts - toxicity
  • shrimp
  • Species Specificity
  • vegetables
  • Vegetables - chemistry
ispartof: Asian Pacific journal of tropical biomedicine, 2013, Vol.3 (1), p.1-7
description: Objective:To investigate the antibacterial and cytotoxic activity of fourteen different edible vegetables methanolic extract from Bangladesh.Methods:The antibacterial activity was evaluated using disc diffusion assay method against 12 bacteria(both gram positive and gram negative).The plant extracts were also screened for cytotoxic activity using the brine shrimp lethality bioassay method and the lethal concentrations(LC50)were determined at confidence intervals by analyzing the data on a computer loaded with"Finney Programme??Results:All the vegetable extracts showed low to elevated levels of antibacterial activity against most of the tested strains(zone of inhibition=5-28 mm).The most active extract against all bacterial strains was from Xanthium indicum which showed remarkable antibacterial activity having the diameter of growth inhibition zone ranging from 12 to 28 mm followed by Alternanthera sessilis(zone of inhibition=6-21 mm).All extracts exhibited considerable general toxicity towards brine shrimps.The LC50value of the tested extracts was within the range of 8.447 to 60.323μg/mL with respect to the positive control(vincristine sulphate)which was 0.91μg/mL.Among all studied extracts,Xanthium indicum displayed the highest cytotoxic effect with LC50value of 8.447μg/mL.Conclusions:The results of the present investigation suggest that most of the studied plants are potentially good source of antibacterial and anticancer agents.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 2221-1691
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 2221-1691
  • 2588-9222
url: Link


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titleAnti-bacterial activity and brine shrimp lethality bioassay of methanolic extracts of fourteen different edible vegetables from Bangladesh
creatorUllah, M. Obayed ; Haque, Mahmuda ; Urmi, Kaniz Fatima ; Md. Zulfiker, Abu Hasanat ; Anita, Elichea Synthi ; Begum, Momtaj ; Hamid, Kaiser
creatorcontribUllah, M. Obayed ; Haque, Mahmuda ; Urmi, Kaniz Fatima ; Md. Zulfiker, Abu Hasanat ; Anita, Elichea Synthi ; Begum, Momtaj ; Hamid, Kaiser
descriptionObjective:To investigate the antibacterial and cytotoxic activity of fourteen different edible vegetables methanolic extract from Bangladesh.Methods:The antibacterial activity was evaluated using disc diffusion assay method against 12 bacteria(both gram positive and gram negative).The plant extracts were also screened for cytotoxic activity using the brine shrimp lethality bioassay method and the lethal concentrations(LC50)were determined at confidence intervals by analyzing the data on a computer loaded with"Finney Programme??Results:All the vegetable extracts showed low to elevated levels of antibacterial activity against most of the tested strains(zone of inhibition=5-28 mm).The most active extract against all bacterial strains was from Xanthium indicum which showed remarkable antibacterial activity having the diameter of growth inhibition zone ranging from 12 to 28 mm followed by Alternanthera sessilis(zone of inhibition=6-21 mm).All extracts exhibited considerable general toxicity towards brine shrimps.The LC50value of the tested extracts was within the range of 8.447 to 60.323μg/mL with respect to the positive control(vincristine sulphate)which was 0.91μg/mL.Among all studied extracts,Xanthium indicum displayed the highest cytotoxic effect with LC50value of 8.447μg/mL.Conclusions:The results of the present investigation suggest that most of the studied plants are potentially good source of antibacterial and anticancer agents.
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subjectAnimals ; Anti-Bacterial Agents - pharmacology ; Antibacterial ; Artemia - drug effects ; Bacteria - drug effects ; Bangladesh ; Bangladeshi ; Bangladeshi vegetables ; Brine ; Brine shrimp lethality ; diffusion ; Disc ; Disc diffusion ; Lethal Dose 50 ; lethality ; Microbial Sensitivity Tests ; Original ; Original Article ; Plant Extracts - pharmacology ; Plant Extracts - toxicity ; shrimp ; Species Specificity ; vegetables ; Vegetables - chemistry
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descriptionObjective:To investigate the antibacterial and cytotoxic activity of fourteen different edible vegetables methanolic extract from Bangladesh.Methods:The antibacterial activity was evaluated using disc diffusion assay method against 12 bacteria(both gram positive and gram negative).The plant extracts were also screened for cytotoxic activity using the brine shrimp lethality bioassay method and the lethal concentrations(LC50)were determined at confidence intervals by analyzing the data on a computer loaded with"Finney Programme??Results:All the vegetable extracts showed low to elevated levels of antibacterial activity against most of the tested strains(zone of inhibition=5-28 mm).The most active extract against all bacterial strains was from Xanthium indicum which showed remarkable antibacterial activity having the diameter of growth inhibition zone ranging from 12 to 28 mm followed by Alternanthera sessilis(zone of inhibition=6-21 mm).All extracts exhibited considerable general toxicity towards brine shrimps.The LC50value of the tested extracts was within the range of 8.447 to 60.323μg/mL with respect to the positive control(vincristine sulphate)which was 0.91μg/mL.Among all studied extracts,Xanthium indicum displayed the highest cytotoxic effect with LC50value of 8.447μg/mL.Conclusions:The results of the present investigation suggest that most of the studied plants are potentially good source of antibacterial and anticancer agents.
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titleAnti-bacterial activity and brine shrimp lethality bioassay of methanolic extracts of fourteen different edible vegetables from Bangladesh
authorUllah, M. Obayed ; Haque, Mahmuda ; Urmi, Kaniz Fatima ; Md. Zulfiker, Abu Hasanat ; Anita, Elichea Synthi ; Begum, Momtaj ; Hamid, Kaiser
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notesM.Obayed Ullah;Mahmuda Haque;Kaniz Fatima Urmi;Abu Hasanat Md.Zulfiker;Elichea Synthi Anita;Momtaj Begum;Kaiser Hamid;School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences,University of Queensland;Department of Pharmacy,Southeast University;Department of Pharmacy,Jahangirnagar University;Department of Pharmacy,East West University
abstractObjective:To investigate the antibacterial and cytotoxic activity of fourteen different edible vegetables methanolic extract from Bangladesh.Methods:The antibacterial activity was evaluated using disc diffusion assay method against 12 bacteria(both gram positive and gram negative).The plant extracts were also screened for cytotoxic activity using the brine shrimp lethality bioassay method and the lethal concentrations(LC50)were determined at confidence intervals by analyzing the data on a computer loaded with"Finney Programme??Results:All the vegetable extracts showed low to elevated levels of antibacterial activity against most of the tested strains(zone of inhibition=5-28 mm).The most active extract against all bacterial strains was from Xanthium indicum which showed remarkable antibacterial activity having the diameter of growth inhibition zone ranging from 12 to 28 mm followed by Alternanthera sessilis(zone of inhibition=6-21 mm).All extracts exhibited considerable general toxicity towards brine shrimps.The LC50value of the tested extracts was within the range of 8.447 to 60.323μg/mL with respect to the positive control(vincristine sulphate)which was 0.91μg/mL.Among all studied extracts,Xanthium indicum displayed the highest cytotoxic effect with LC50value of 8.447μg/mL.Conclusions:The results of the present investigation suggest that most of the studied plants are potentially good source of antibacterial and anticancer agents.
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