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Urbanisation and health in China

Summary China has seen the largest human migration in history, and the country's rapid urbanisation has important consequences for public health. A provincial analysis of its urbanisation trends shows shifting and accelerating rural-to-urban migration across the country and accompanying rapid increa... Full description

Journal Title: The Lancet (British edition) 2012, Vol.379 (9818), p.843-852
Main Author: Gong, Peng, Prof
Other Authors: Liang, Song, PhD , Carlton, Elizabeth J, PhD , Jiang, Qingwu, Prof , Wu, Jianyong, PhD , Wang, Lei, PhD , Remais, Justin V, Dr
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: Kidlington: Elsevier Ltd
ID: ISSN: 0140-6736
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recordid: cdi_pubmedcentral_primary_oai_pubmedcentral_nih_gov_3733467
title: Urbanisation and health in China
format: Article
creator:
  • Gong, Peng, Prof
  • Liang, Song, PhD
  • Carlton, Elizabeth J, PhD
  • Jiang, Qingwu, Prof
  • Wu, Jianyong, PhD
  • Wang, Lei, PhD
  • Remais, Justin V, Dr
subjects:
  • Aging
  • American Recovery & Reinvestment Act 2009-US
  • Analysis
  • Article
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • China - epidemiology
  • Chronic Disease - epidemiology
  • Decades
  • Demographic aspects
  • Disease
  • Environmental Exposure - adverse effects
  • General aspects
  • Health aspects
  • Health care access
  • Health Policy - trends
  • Health services
  • Health Services Accessibility - trends
  • Health Services Needs and Demand
  • Health Status Disparities
  • Healthcare Disparities
  • Humans
  • Infrastructure
  • Internal Medicine
  • Life Expectancy
  • Life Style
  • Medical sciences
  • Mental Disorders - etiology
  • Migration
  • Miscellaneous
  • Occupational Exposure - adverse effects
  • Outdoor air quality
  • Population density
  • Population Dynamics
  • Population growth
  • Public health
  • Public Health - trends
  • Public health. Hygiene
  • Public health. Hygiene-occupational medicine
  • Risk Factors
  • Rural areas
  • Rural Population
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Urban areas
  • Urban Population
  • Urbanization
ispartof: The Lancet (British edition), 2012, Vol.379 (9818), p.843-852
description: Summary China has seen the largest human migration in history, and the country's rapid urbanisation has important consequences for public health. A provincial analysis of its urbanisation trends shows shifting and accelerating rural-to-urban migration across the country and accompanying rapid increases in city size and population. The growing disease burden in urban areas attributable to nutrition and lifestyle choices is a major public health challenge, as are troubling disparities in health-care access, vaccination coverage, and accidents and injuries in China's rural-to-urban migrant population. Urban environmental quality, including air and water pollution, contributes to disease both in urban and in rural areas, and traffic-related accidents pose a major public health threat as the country becomes increasingly motorised. To address the health challenges and maximise the benefits that accompany this rapid urbanisation, innovative health policies focused on the needs of migrants and research that could close knowledge gaps on urban population exposures are needed.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0140-6736
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0140-6736
  • 1474-547X
url: Link


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descriptionSummary China has seen the largest human migration in history, and the country's rapid urbanisation has important consequences for public health. A provincial analysis of its urbanisation trends shows shifting and accelerating rural-to-urban migration across the country and accompanying rapid increases in city size and population. The growing disease burden in urban areas attributable to nutrition and lifestyle choices is a major public health challenge, as are troubling disparities in health-care access, vaccination coverage, and accidents and injuries in China's rural-to-urban migrant population. Urban environmental quality, including air and water pollution, contributes to disease both in urban and in rural areas, and traffic-related accidents pose a major public health threat as the country becomes increasingly motorised. To address the health challenges and maximise the benefits that accompany this rapid urbanisation, innovative health policies focused on the needs of migrants and research that could close knowledge gaps on urban population exposures are needed.
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subjectAging ; American Recovery & Reinvestment Act 2009-US ; Analysis ; Article ; Biological and medical sciences ; China - epidemiology ; Chronic Disease - epidemiology ; Decades ; Demographic aspects ; Disease ; Environmental Exposure - adverse effects ; General aspects ; Health aspects ; Health care access ; Health Policy - trends ; Health services ; Health Services Accessibility - trends ; Health Services Needs and Demand ; Health Status Disparities ; Healthcare Disparities ; Humans ; Infrastructure ; Internal Medicine ; Life Expectancy ; Life Style ; Medical sciences ; Mental Disorders - etiology ; Migration ; Miscellaneous ; Occupational Exposure - adverse effects ; Outdoor air quality ; Population density ; Population Dynamics ; Population growth ; Public health ; Public Health - trends ; Public health. Hygiene ; Public health. Hygiene-occupational medicine ; Risk Factors ; Rural areas ; Rural Population ; Socioeconomic Factors ; Urban areas ; Urban Population ; Urbanization
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abstractSummary China has seen the largest human migration in history, and the country's rapid urbanisation has important consequences for public health. A provincial analysis of its urbanisation trends shows shifting and accelerating rural-to-urban migration across the country and accompanying rapid increases in city size and population. The growing disease burden in urban areas attributable to nutrition and lifestyle choices is a major public health challenge, as are troubling disparities in health-care access, vaccination coverage, and accidents and injuries in China's rural-to-urban migrant population. Urban environmental quality, including air and water pollution, contributes to disease both in urban and in rural areas, and traffic-related accidents pose a major public health threat as the country becomes increasingly motorised. To address the health challenges and maximise the benefits that accompany this rapid urbanisation, innovative health policies focused on the needs of migrants and research that could close knowledge gaps on urban population exposures are needed.
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