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Income-related inequality in health and health-related behaviour: exploring the equalisation hypothesis

Background Previous studies have found the socioeconomic gradient in health among adolescents to be lower than that observed during childhood and adulthood. The aim of this study was to examine income-related inequalities in health and health-related behaviour across the lifespan in England to explo... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2014-07, Vol.68 (7), p.615-621
Main Author: Vallejo-Torres, Laura
Other Authors: Hale, Daniel , Morris, Stephen , Viner, Russell M
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Age
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: London: BMJ Publishing Group
ID: ISSN: 0143-005X
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recordid: cdi_pubmedcentral_primary_oai_pubmedcentral_nih_gov_4112435
title: Income-related inequality in health and health-related behaviour: exploring the equalisation hypothesis
format: Article
creator:
  • Vallejo-Torres, Laura
  • Hale, Daniel
  • Morris, Stephen
  • Viner, Russell M
subjects:
  • 1506
  • Adolescence
  • Adolescent
  • Adolescents
  • ADOLESCENTS CG
  • Adult
  • Adulthood
  • Age
  • Age groups
  • Aged
  • Analysis
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Body mass index
  • Child
  • Child development
  • CHILD HEALTH
  • Child, Preschool
  • England
  • Equalization
  • General aspects
  • Health aspects
  • Health Behavior
  • Health care inequality
  • Health disparities
  • Health inequalities
  • Health Status Disparities
  • Health Status Indicators
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Hypotheses
  • Income
  • Income inequality
  • INEQUALITIES
  • Inequality
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Influence
  • Male
  • Medical sciences
  • Middle Aged
  • Miscellaneous
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Obesity
  • Older adults
  • Public health. Hygiene
  • Public health. Hygiene-occupational medicine
  • Smoking
  • Social Class
  • Social economics
  • Social Inequalities in Health
  • Socioeconomic factors
  • Studies
  • Teenagers
  • Young Adult
  • Youth
ispartof: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 2014-07, Vol.68 (7), p.615-621
description: Background Previous studies have found the socioeconomic gradient in health among adolescents to be lower than that observed during childhood and adulthood. The aim of this study was to examine income-related inequalities in health and health-related behaviour across the lifespan in England to explore ‘equalisation’ in adolescence. Methods We used five years of data (2006–2010) from the Health Survey for England to explore inequalities in six indicators: self-assessed general health, longstanding illness, limiting longstanding illness, psychosocial wellbeing, obesity and smoking status. We ran separate analyses by age/gender groups. Inequality was measured using concentration indices. Results Our findings for longstanding illnesses, psychosocial wellbeing and obesity were consistent with the equalisation hypothesis. For these indicators, the extent of income-related inequality was lower among late adolescents (16–19 years) and young adults (20–24 years) compared to children and young adolescents (under 15 years), mid- and late-adults (25–44 and 45–64 years) and the elderly (65+ years). The remaining indicators showed lower inequality among adolescents compared to adults, but higher inequality when compared with children. Conclusions Our work shows that inequalities occur across the life-course but that for some health issues there may be a period of equalisation in late adolescence and early adulthood.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0143-005X
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0143-005X
  • 1470-2738
url: Link


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descriptionBackground Previous studies have found the socioeconomic gradient in health among adolescents to be lower than that observed during childhood and adulthood. The aim of this study was to examine income-related inequalities in health and health-related behaviour across the lifespan in England to explore ‘equalisation’ in adolescence. Methods We used five years of data (2006–2010) from the Health Survey for England to explore inequalities in six indicators: self-assessed general health, longstanding illness, limiting longstanding illness, psychosocial wellbeing, obesity and smoking status. We ran separate analyses by age/gender groups. Inequality was measured using concentration indices. Results Our findings for longstanding illnesses, psychosocial wellbeing and obesity were consistent with the equalisation hypothesis. For these indicators, the extent of income-related inequality was lower among late adolescents (16–19 years) and young adults (20–24 years) compared to children and young adolescents (under 15 years), mid- and late-adults (25–44 and 45–64 years) and the elderly (65+ years). The remaining indicators showed lower inequality among adolescents compared to adults, but higher inequality when compared with children. Conclusions Our work shows that inequalities occur across the life-course but that for some health issues there may be a period of equalisation in late adolescence and early adulthood.
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subject1506 ; Adolescence ; Adolescent ; Adolescents ; ADOLESCENTS CG ; Adult ; Adulthood ; Age ; Age groups ; Aged ; Analysis ; Biological and medical sciences ; Body mass index ; Child ; Child development ; CHILD HEALTH ; Child, Preschool ; England ; Equalization ; General aspects ; Health aspects ; Health Behavior ; Health care inequality ; Health disparities ; Health inequalities ; Health Status Disparities ; Health Status Indicators ; Health Surveys ; Humans ; Hypotheses ; Income ; Income inequality ; INEQUALITIES ; Inequality ; Infant ; Infant, Newborn ; Influence ; Male ; Medical sciences ; Middle Aged ; Miscellaneous ; Models, Theoretical ; Obesity ; Older adults ; Public health. Hygiene ; Public health. Hygiene-occupational medicine ; Smoking ; Social Class ; Social economics ; Social Inequalities in Health ; Socioeconomic factors ; Studies ; Teenagers ; Young Adult ; Youth
ispartofJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 2014-07, Vol.68 (7), p.615-621
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5Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions 2014
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descriptionBackground Previous studies have found the socioeconomic gradient in health among adolescents to be lower than that observed during childhood and adulthood. The aim of this study was to examine income-related inequalities in health and health-related behaviour across the lifespan in England to explore ‘equalisation’ in adolescence. Methods We used five years of data (2006–2010) from the Health Survey for England to explore inequalities in six indicators: self-assessed general health, longstanding illness, limiting longstanding illness, psychosocial wellbeing, obesity and smoking status. We ran separate analyses by age/gender groups. Inequality was measured using concentration indices. Results Our findings for longstanding illnesses, psychosocial wellbeing and obesity were consistent with the equalisation hypothesis. For these indicators, the extent of income-related inequality was lower among late adolescents (16–19 years) and young adults (20–24 years) compared to children and young adolescents (under 15 years), mid- and late-adults (25–44 and 45–64 years) and the elderly (65+ years). The remaining indicators showed lower inequality among adolescents compared to adults, but higher inequality when compared with children. Conclusions Our work shows that inequalities occur across the life-course but that for some health issues there may be a period of equalisation in late adolescence and early adulthood.
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18Equalization
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21Health Behavior
22Health care inequality
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24Health inequalities
25Health Status Disparities
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28Humans
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abstractBackground Previous studies have found the socioeconomic gradient in health among adolescents to be lower than that observed during childhood and adulthood. The aim of this study was to examine income-related inequalities in health and health-related behaviour across the lifespan in England to explore ‘equalisation’ in adolescence. Methods We used five years of data (2006–2010) from the Health Survey for England to explore inequalities in six indicators: self-assessed general health, longstanding illness, limiting longstanding illness, psychosocial wellbeing, obesity and smoking status. We ran separate analyses by age/gender groups. Inequality was measured using concentration indices. Results Our findings for longstanding illnesses, psychosocial wellbeing and obesity were consistent with the equalisation hypothesis. For these indicators, the extent of income-related inequality was lower among late adolescents (16–19 years) and young adults (20–24 years) compared to children and young adolescents (under 15 years), mid- and late-adults (25–44 and 45–64 years) and the elderly (65+ years). The remaining indicators showed lower inequality among adolescents compared to adults, but higher inequality when compared with children. Conclusions Our work shows that inequalities occur across the life-course but that for some health issues there may be a period of equalisation in late adolescence and early adulthood.
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