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The Genetic Ancestry of African Americans, Latinos, and European Americans across the United States

Over the past 500 years, North America has been the site of ongoing mixing of Native Americans, European settlers, and Africans (brought largely by the trans-Atlantic slave trade), shaping the early history of what became the United States. We studied the genetic ancestry of 5,269 self-described Afr... Full description

Journal Title: American journal of human genetics 2015-01-08, Vol.96 (1), p.37-53
Main Author: Bryc, Katarzyna
Other Authors: Durand, Eric Y , Macpherson, J. Michael , Reich, David , Mountain, Joanna L
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: United States: Elsevier Inc
ID: ISSN: 0002-9297
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25529636
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title: The Genetic Ancestry of African Americans, Latinos, and European Americans across the United States
format: Article
creator:
  • Bryc, Katarzyna
  • Durand, Eric Y
  • Macpherson, J. Michael
  • Reich, David
  • Mountain, Joanna L
subjects:
  • African Americans
  • African Americans - genetics
  • Article
  • Cohort Studies
  • DNA, Mitochondrial - genetics
  • European Continental Ancestry Group - genetics
  • Female
  • Genealogy
  • Genetic aspects
  • Genetic Association Studies
  • Genetic research
  • Genetic Variation
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Genome, Human
  • Genotype
  • Genotyping Techniques
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Hispanic Americans - genetics
  • Humans
  • Immigration
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Noncitizens
  • Population genetics
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • United States
ispartof: American journal of human genetics, 2015-01-08, Vol.96 (1), p.37-53
description: Over the past 500 years, North America has been the site of ongoing mixing of Native Americans, European settlers, and Africans (brought largely by the trans-Atlantic slave trade), shaping the early history of what became the United States. We studied the genetic ancestry of 5,269 self-described African Americans, 8,663 Latinos, and 148,789 European Americans who are 23andMe customers and show that the legacy of these historical interactions is visible in the genetic ancestry of present-day Americans. We document pervasive mixed ancestry and asymmetrical male and female ancestry contributions in all groups studied. We show that regional ancestry differences reflect historical events, such as early Spanish colonization, waves of immigration from many regions of Europe, and forced relocation of Native Americans within the US. This study sheds light on the fine-scale differences in ancestry within and across the United States and informs our understanding of the relationship between racial and ethnic identities and genetic ancestry.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0002-9297
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0002-9297
  • 1537-6605
url: Link


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descriptionOver the past 500 years, North America has been the site of ongoing mixing of Native Americans, European settlers, and Africans (brought largely by the trans-Atlantic slave trade), shaping the early history of what became the United States. We studied the genetic ancestry of 5,269 self-described African Americans, 8,663 Latinos, and 148,789 European Americans who are 23andMe customers and show that the legacy of these historical interactions is visible in the genetic ancestry of present-day Americans. We document pervasive mixed ancestry and asymmetrical male and female ancestry contributions in all groups studied. We show that regional ancestry differences reflect historical events, such as early Spanish colonization, waves of immigration from many regions of Europe, and forced relocation of Native Americans within the US. This study sheds light on the fine-scale differences in ancestry within and across the United States and informs our understanding of the relationship between racial and ethnic identities and genetic ancestry.
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subjectAfrican Americans ; African Americans - genetics ; Article ; Cohort Studies ; DNA, Mitochondrial - genetics ; European Continental Ancestry Group - genetics ; Female ; Genealogy ; Genetic aspects ; Genetic Association Studies ; Genetic research ; Genetic Variation ; Genetics ; Genetics(clinical) ; Genome, Human ; Genotype ; Genotyping Techniques ; Hispanic Americans ; Hispanic Americans - genetics ; Humans ; Immigration ; Logistic Models ; Male ; Noncitizens ; Population genetics ; Reproducibility of Results ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; United States
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abstractOver the past 500 years, North America has been the site of ongoing mixing of Native Americans, European settlers, and Africans (brought largely by the trans-Atlantic slave trade), shaping the early history of what became the United States. We studied the genetic ancestry of 5,269 self-described African Americans, 8,663 Latinos, and 148,789 European Americans who are 23andMe customers and show that the legacy of these historical interactions is visible in the genetic ancestry of present-day Americans. We document pervasive mixed ancestry and asymmetrical male and female ancestry contributions in all groups studied. We show that regional ancestry differences reflect historical events, such as early Spanish colonization, waves of immigration from many regions of Europe, and forced relocation of Native Americans within the US. This study sheds light on the fine-scale differences in ancestry within and across the United States and informs our understanding of the relationship between racial and ethnic identities and genetic ancestry.
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