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Coconut oil consumption and cardiovascular risk factors in humans

Coconut oil is being heavily promoted as a healthy oil, with benefits that include support of heart health. To assess the merits of this claim, the literature on the effect of coconut consumption on cardiovascular risk factors and outcomes in humans was reviewed. Twenty-one research papers were iden... Full description

Journal Title: Nutrition reviews 2016-04, Vol.74 (4), p.267-280
Main Author: Eyres, Laurence
Other Authors: Eyres, Michael F , Chisholm, Alexandra , Brown, Rachel C
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: United States: Oxford University Press
ID: ISSN: 0029-6643
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26946252
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recordid: cdi_pubmedcentral_primary_oai_pubmedcentral_nih_gov_4892314
title: Coconut oil consumption and cardiovascular risk factors in humans
format: Article
creator:
  • Eyres, Laurence
  • Eyres, Michael F
  • Chisholm, Alexandra
  • Brown, Rachel C
subjects:
  • beverages
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Cardiovascular Diseases - blood
  • Cardiovascular Diseases - etiology
  • cholesterol
  • Cholesterol - blood
  • Cholesterol, HDL - blood
  • Cholesterol, LDL - blood
  • coconut
  • Coconut Oil
  • Cocos - chemistry
  • Diet
  • Dietary Fats - adverse effects
  • Dietary Fats - pharmacology
  • food
  • Fruits
  • Humans
  • lauric acid
  • Low density lipoprotein
  • Low density lipoproteins
  • medium-chain triglycerides
  • Nutrition research
  • Oils & fats
  • Plant Oils - adverse effects
  • Plant Oils - pharmacology
  • Risk factors
  • Special
  • Special Articles
ispartof: Nutrition reviews, 2016-04, Vol.74 (4), p.267-280
description: Coconut oil is being heavily promoted as a healthy oil, with benefits that include support of heart health. To assess the merits of this claim, the literature on the effect of coconut consumption on cardiovascular risk factors and outcomes in humans was reviewed. Twenty-one research papers were identified for inclusion in the review: 8 clinical trials and 13 observational studies. The majority examined the effect of coconut oil or coconut products on serum lipid profiles. Coconut oil generally raised total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol to a greater extent than cis unsaturated plant oils, but to a lesser extent than butter. The effect of coconut consumption on the ratio of total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was often not examined. Observational evidence suggests that consumption of coconut flesh or squeezed coconut in the context of traditional dietary patterns does not lead to adverse cardiovascular outcomes. However, due to large differences in dietary and lifestyle patterns, these findings cannot be applied to a typical Western diet. Overall, the weight of the evidence from intervention studies to date suggests that replacing coconut oil with cis unsaturated fats would alter blood lipid profiles in a manner consistent with a reduction in risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0029-6643
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0029-6643
  • 1753-4887
url: Link


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descriptionCoconut oil is being heavily promoted as a healthy oil, with benefits that include support of heart health. To assess the merits of this claim, the literature on the effect of coconut consumption on cardiovascular risk factors and outcomes in humans was reviewed. Twenty-one research papers were identified for inclusion in the review: 8 clinical trials and 13 observational studies. The majority examined the effect of coconut oil or coconut products on serum lipid profiles. Coconut oil generally raised total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol to a greater extent than cis unsaturated plant oils, but to a lesser extent than butter. The effect of coconut consumption on the ratio of total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was often not examined. Observational evidence suggests that consumption of coconut flesh or squeezed coconut in the context of traditional dietary patterns does not lead to adverse cardiovascular outcomes. However, due to large differences in dietary and lifestyle patterns, these findings cannot be applied to a typical Western diet. Overall, the weight of the evidence from intervention studies to date suggests that replacing coconut oil with cis unsaturated fats would alter blood lipid profiles in a manner consistent with a reduction in risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
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subjectbeverages ; Cardiovascular disease ; Cardiovascular diseases ; Cardiovascular Diseases - blood ; Cardiovascular Diseases - etiology ; cholesterol ; Cholesterol - blood ; Cholesterol, HDL - blood ; Cholesterol, LDL - blood ; coconut ; Coconut Oil ; Cocos - chemistry ; Diet ; Dietary Fats - adverse effects ; Dietary Fats - pharmacology ; food ; Fruits ; Humans ; lauric acid ; Low density lipoprotein ; Low density lipoproteins ; medium-chain triglycerides ; Nutrition research ; Oils & fats ; Plant Oils - adverse effects ; Plant Oils - pharmacology ; Risk factors ; Special ; Special Articles
ispartofNutrition reviews, 2016-04, Vol.74 (4), p.267-280
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0The Author(s) 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Life Sciences Institute. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com. 2016
1The Author(s) 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Life Sciences Institute. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.
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3Copyright Oxford University Press, UK Apr 1, 2016
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abstractCoconut oil is being heavily promoted as a healthy oil, with benefits that include support of heart health. To assess the merits of this claim, the literature on the effect of coconut consumption on cardiovascular risk factors and outcomes in humans was reviewed. Twenty-one research papers were identified for inclusion in the review: 8 clinical trials and 13 observational studies. The majority examined the effect of coconut oil or coconut products on serum lipid profiles. Coconut oil generally raised total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol to a greater extent than cis unsaturated plant oils, but to a lesser extent than butter. The effect of coconut consumption on the ratio of total cholesterol to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol was often not examined. Observational evidence suggests that consumption of coconut flesh or squeezed coconut in the context of traditional dietary patterns does not lead to adverse cardiovascular outcomes. However, due to large differences in dietary and lifestyle patterns, these findings cannot be applied to a typical Western diet. Overall, the weight of the evidence from intervention studies to date suggests that replacing coconut oil with cis unsaturated fats would alter blood lipid profiles in a manner consistent with a reduction in risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
copUnited States
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doi10.1093/nutrit/nuw002
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