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Effects of a Pilot Church-Based Intervention to Reduce HIV Stigma and Promote HIV Testing Among African Americans and Latinos

HIV-related stigma and mistrust contribute to HIV disparities. Addressing stigma with faith partners may be effective, but few church-based stigma reduction interventions have been tested. We implemented a pilot intervention with 3 Latino and 2 African American churches (4 in matched pairs) in high... Full description

Journal Title: AIDS and behavior 2016-03-21, Vol.20 (8), p.1692-1705
Main Author: Derose, Kathryn P
Other Authors: Griffin, Beth Ann , Kanouse, David E , Bogart, Laura M , Williams, Malcolm V , Haas, Ann C , Flórez, Karen R , Collins, Deborah Owens , Hawes-Dawson, Jennifer , Mata, Michael A , Oden, Clyde W , Stucky, Brian D
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
HIV
Publisher: New York: Springer US
ID: ISSN: 1090-7165
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27000144
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title: Effects of a Pilot Church-Based Intervention to Reduce HIV Stigma and Promote HIV Testing Among African Americans and Latinos
format: Article
creator:
  • Derose, Kathryn P
  • Griffin, Beth Ann
  • Kanouse, David E
  • Bogart, Laura M
  • Williams, Malcolm V
  • Haas, Ann C
  • Flórez, Karen R
  • Collins, Deborah Owens
  • Hawes-Dawson, Jennifer
  • Mata, Michael A
  • Oden, Clyde W
  • Stucky, Brian D
subjects:
  • Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
  • African Americans
  • African Americans - psychology
  • AIDS
  • Article
  • Black Americans
  • church-based interventions
  • Churches
  • Community-Based Participatory Research
  • Diagnosis
  • education
  • Female
  • Health aspects
  • Health Education - methods
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Health Psychology
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Hispanic Americans - psychology
  • HIV
  • HIV infection
  • HIV Infections - diagnosis
  • HIV Infections - ethnology
  • HIV Infections - prevention & control
  • HIV Infections - psychology
  • HIV mistrust
  • HIV stigma
  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • humanities
  • Humans
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Intervention
  • Latinos
  • Male
  • Mass Screening - psychology
  • Mass Screening - statistics & numerical data
  • Medical screening
  • Medicine
  • Medicine & Public Health
  • Minority & ethnic groups
  • Original Paper
  • Pilot Projects
  • Prevalence
  • Psychological aspects
  • Public Health
  • Racial differences
  • Reduction
  • Religion
  • Religious organizations
  • Residence Characteristics
  • Sermons
  • Sexual Partners
  • Social Stigma
  • Statistical analysis
  • Stigma
  • Stigma (Social psychology)
  • stigma reduction
  • Synergistic effects
  • Ultrasonic testing
  • virus diseases
  • Workshops
ispartof: AIDS and behavior, 2016-03-21, Vol.20 (8), p.1692-1705
description: HIV-related stigma and mistrust contribute to HIV disparities. Addressing stigma with faith partners may be effective, but few church-based stigma reduction interventions have been tested. We implemented a pilot intervention with 3 Latino and 2 African American churches (4 in matched pairs) in high HIV prevalence areas of Los Angeles County to reduce HIV stigma and mistrust and increase HIV testing. The intervention included HIV education and peer leader workshops, pastor-delivered sermons on HIV with imagined contact scenarios, and HIV testing events. We surveyed congregants at baseline and 6 month follow-up (n = 1235) and found statistically significant (p 
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1090-7165
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 1090-7165
  • 1573-3254
url: Link


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titleEffects of a Pilot Church-Based Intervention to Reduce HIV Stigma and Promote HIV Testing Among African Americans and Latinos
creatorDerose, Kathryn P ; Griffin, Beth Ann ; Kanouse, David E ; Bogart, Laura M ; Williams, Malcolm V ; Haas, Ann C ; Flórez, Karen R ; Collins, Deborah Owens ; Hawes-Dawson, Jennifer ; Mata, Michael A ; Oden, Clyde W ; Stucky, Brian D
creatorcontribDerose, Kathryn P ; Griffin, Beth Ann ; Kanouse, David E ; Bogart, Laura M ; Williams, Malcolm V ; Haas, Ann C ; Flórez, Karen R ; Collins, Deborah Owens ; Hawes-Dawson, Jennifer ; Mata, Michael A ; Oden, Clyde W ; Stucky, Brian D
descriptionHIV-related stigma and mistrust contribute to HIV disparities. Addressing stigma with faith partners may be effective, but few church-based stigma reduction interventions have been tested. We implemented a pilot intervention with 3 Latino and 2 African American churches (4 in matched pairs) in high HIV prevalence areas of Los Angeles County to reduce HIV stigma and mistrust and increase HIV testing. The intervention included HIV education and peer leader workshops, pastor-delivered sermons on HIV with imagined contact scenarios, and HIV testing events. We surveyed congregants at baseline and 6 month follow-up (n = 1235) and found statistically significant (p < 0.05) reductions in HIV stigma and mistrust in the Latino intervention churches but not in the African American intervention church nor overall across matched African American and Latino pairs. However, within matched pairs, intervention churches had much higher rates of HIV testing (p < 0.001). Stigma reduction and HIV testing may have synergistic effects in community settings.
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subjectAcquired immune deficiency syndrome ; African Americans ; African Americans - psychology ; AIDS ; Article ; Black Americans ; church-based interventions ; Churches ; Community-Based Participatory Research ; Diagnosis ; education ; Female ; Health aspects ; Health Education - methods ; Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice ; Health Psychology ; Hispanic Americans ; Hispanic Americans - psychology ; HIV ; HIV infection ; HIV Infections - diagnosis ; HIV Infections - ethnology ; HIV Infections - prevention & control ; HIV Infections - psychology ; HIV mistrust ; HIV stigma ; Human immunodeficiency virus ; humanities ; Humans ; Infectious Diseases ; Intervention ; Latinos ; Male ; Mass Screening - psychology ; Mass Screening - statistics & numerical data ; Medical screening ; Medicine ; Medicine & Public Health ; Minority & ethnic groups ; Original Paper ; Pilot Projects ; Prevalence ; Psychological aspects ; Public Health ; Racial differences ; Reduction ; Religion ; Religious organizations ; Residence Characteristics ; Sermons ; Sexual Partners ; Social Stigma ; Statistical analysis ; Stigma ; Stigma (Social psychology) ; stigma reduction ; Synergistic effects ; Ultrasonic testing ; virus diseases ; Workshops
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descriptionHIV-related stigma and mistrust contribute to HIV disparities. Addressing stigma with faith partners may be effective, but few church-based stigma reduction interventions have been tested. We implemented a pilot intervention with 3 Latino and 2 African American churches (4 in matched pairs) in high HIV prevalence areas of Los Angeles County to reduce HIV stigma and mistrust and increase HIV testing. The intervention included HIV education and peer leader workshops, pastor-delivered sermons on HIV with imagined contact scenarios, and HIV testing events. We surveyed congregants at baseline and 6 month follow-up (n = 1235) and found statistically significant (p < 0.05) reductions in HIV stigma and mistrust in the Latino intervention churches but not in the African American intervention church nor overall across matched African American and Latino pairs. However, within matched pairs, intervention churches had much higher rates of HIV testing (p < 0.001). Stigma reduction and HIV testing may have synergistic effects in community settings.
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15Health Psychology
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18HIV
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24HIV mistrust
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titleEffects of a Pilot Church-Based Intervention to Reduce HIV Stigma and Promote HIV Testing Among African Americans and Latinos
authorDerose, Kathryn P ; Griffin, Beth Ann ; Kanouse, David E ; Bogart, Laura M ; Williams, Malcolm V ; Haas, Ann C ; Flórez, Karen R ; Collins, Deborah Owens ; Hawes-Dawson, Jennifer ; Mata, Michael A ; Oden, Clyde W ; Stucky, Brian D
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21HIV Infections - ethnology
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50Sexual Partners
51Social Stigma
52Statistical analysis
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56Synergistic effects
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58virus diseases
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abstractHIV-related stigma and mistrust contribute to HIV disparities. Addressing stigma with faith partners may be effective, but few church-based stigma reduction interventions have been tested. We implemented a pilot intervention with 3 Latino and 2 African American churches (4 in matched pairs) in high HIV prevalence areas of Los Angeles County to reduce HIV stigma and mistrust and increase HIV testing. The intervention included HIV education and peer leader workshops, pastor-delivered sermons on HIV with imagined contact scenarios, and HIV testing events. We surveyed congregants at baseline and 6 month follow-up (n = 1235) and found statistically significant (p < 0.05) reductions in HIV stigma and mistrust in the Latino intervention churches but not in the African American intervention church nor overall across matched African American and Latino pairs. However, within matched pairs, intervention churches had much higher rates of HIV testing (p < 0.001). Stigma reduction and HIV testing may have synergistic effects in community settings.
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pmid27000144
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