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The Contributions of Places to Metropolitan Ethnoracial Diversity and Segregation: Decomposing Change Across Space and Time

Although the trend toward greater ethnoracial diversity in the United States has been documented at a variety of geographic scales, most research tracks diversity one scale at a time. Our study bridges scales, asking how the diversity and segregation patterns of metropolitan areas are influenced by... Full description

Journal Title: Demography 2016-12-01, Vol.53 (6), p.1955-1977
Main Author: Fowler, Christopher S
Other Authors: Lee, Barrett A , Matthews, Stephen A
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: New York: Population Association of America (Springer)
ID: ISSN: 0070-3370
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27783360
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recordid: cdi_pubmedcentral_primary_oai_pubmedcentral_nih_gov_5131869
title: The Contributions of Places to Metropolitan Ethnoracial Diversity and Segregation: Decomposing Change Across Space and Time
format: Article
creator:
  • Fowler, Christopher S
  • Lee, Barrett A
  • Matthews, Stephen A
subjects:
  • African Americans - statistics & numerical data
  • Article
  • Asian Americans - statistics & numerical data
  • Cities - statistics & numerical data
  • Continental Population Groups - statistics & numerical data
  • Cultural Diversity
  • Decomposition
  • Demography
  • Diversity
  • Diversity of citizenship
  • Ethnic Groups - statistics & numerical data
  • Ethnicity
  • European Continental Ancestry Group - statistics & numerical data
  • general
  • Geography
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Hispanic Americans - statistics & numerical data
  • Hispanics
  • human activities
  • Humans
  • Inspection
  • Medicine/Public Health
  • Metropolitan areas
  • Minority & ethnic groups
  • Multiculturalism & pluralism
  • Multiscale
  • NEIGHBORHOOD CHANGE, PLACES, DIVERSITY AND SEGREGATION
  • Neighborhoods
  • Places
  • Population Economics
  • Prejudice
  • Race
  • Racial diversity
  • Racial segregation
  • Residence Characteristics - statistics & numerical data
  • Residential segregation
  • respiratory system
  • Roles
  • Segregation
  • Social Sciences
  • Sociology
  • Space and time
  • Studies
  • Suburbs
  • Trends
  • United States
  • Urban Population - statistics & numerical data
ispartof: Demography, 2016-12-01, Vol.53 (6), p.1955-1977
description: Although the trend toward greater ethnoracial diversity in the United States has been documented at a variety of geographic scales, most research tracks diversity one scale at a time. Our study bridges scales, asking how the diversity and segregation patterns of metropolitan areas are influenced by shifts in the racial/ethnic composition of their constituent places. Drawing on 1980–2010 decennial census data, we use a new visual tool to compare the distributions of place diversity for 50 U.S. metro areas over three decades. We also undertake a decomposition analysis of segregation within these areas to evaluate hypotheses about the roles of different types of places in ethnoracial change. The decomposition indicates that although principal cities continue to shape the overall diversity of metro areas, their relative impact has declined since 1980. Inner suburbs have experienced substantial increases in diversity during the same period. Places with large white majorities now contribute more to overall metropolitan diversity than in the past. In contrast, majority black and majority Hispanic places contribute less to metropolitan diversity than in the past. The complexity of the patterns we observe is underscored through an inspection of two featured metropolises: Chicago and Dallas.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0070-3370
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0070-3370
  • 1533-7790
url: Link


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descriptionAlthough the trend toward greater ethnoracial diversity in the United States has been documented at a variety of geographic scales, most research tracks diversity one scale at a time. Our study bridges scales, asking how the diversity and segregation patterns of metropolitan areas are influenced by shifts in the racial/ethnic composition of their constituent places. Drawing on 1980–2010 decennial census data, we use a new visual tool to compare the distributions of place diversity for 50 U.S. metro areas over three decades. We also undertake a decomposition analysis of segregation within these areas to evaluate hypotheses about the roles of different types of places in ethnoracial change. The decomposition indicates that although principal cities continue to shape the overall diversity of metro areas, their relative impact has declined since 1980. Inner suburbs have experienced substantial increases in diversity during the same period. Places with large white majorities now contribute more to overall metropolitan diversity than in the past. In contrast, majority black and majority Hispanic places contribute less to metropolitan diversity than in the past. The complexity of the patterns we observe is underscored through an inspection of two featured metropolises: Chicago and Dallas.
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abstractAlthough the trend toward greater ethnoracial diversity in the United States has been documented at a variety of geographic scales, most research tracks diversity one scale at a time. Our study bridges scales, asking how the diversity and segregation patterns of metropolitan areas are influenced by shifts in the racial/ethnic composition of their constituent places. Drawing on 1980–2010 decennial census data, we use a new visual tool to compare the distributions of place diversity for 50 U.S. metro areas over three decades. We also undertake a decomposition analysis of segregation within these areas to evaluate hypotheses about the roles of different types of places in ethnoracial change. The decomposition indicates that although principal cities continue to shape the overall diversity of metro areas, their relative impact has declined since 1980. Inner suburbs have experienced substantial increases in diversity during the same period. Places with large white majorities now contribute more to overall metropolitan diversity than in the past. In contrast, majority black and majority Hispanic places contribute less to metropolitan diversity than in the past. The complexity of the patterns we observe is underscored through an inspection of two featured metropolises: Chicago and Dallas.
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