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On the Globality of Motor Suppression: Unexpected Events and Their Influence on Behavior and Cognition

Unexpected events are part of everyday experience. They come in several varieties—action errors, unexpected action outcomes, and unexpected perceptual events—and they lead to motor slowing and cognitive distraction. While different varieties of unexpected events have been studied largely independent... Full description

Journal Title: Neuron (Cambridge Mass.), 2017-01-18, Vol.93 (2), p.259-280
Main Author: Wessel, Jan R
Other Authors: Aron, Adam R
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Quelle: Alma/SFX Local Collection
Publisher: United States: Elsevier Inc
ID: ISSN: 0896-6273
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28103476
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recordid: cdi_pubmedcentral_primary_oai_pubmedcentral_nih_gov_5260803
title: On the Globality of Motor Suppression: Unexpected Events and Their Influence on Behavior and Cognition
format: Article
creator:
  • Wessel, Jan R
  • Aron, Adam R
subjects:
  • Animal cognition
  • Article
  • Attention
  • Attention - physiology
  • Basal Ganglia - physiology
  • Behavior
  • Brain - physiology
  • Brain research
  • Cognition
  • Cognition - physiology
  • Cognitive Control
  • Decision making
  • Distraction
  • Errors
  • Hospitals
  • Humans
  • Inhibition (Psychology)
  • Memory
  • Memory, Short-Term - physiology
  • Motor Activity - physiology
  • Motor inhibition
  • Neurosciences
  • Novels
  • Prefrontal Cortex - physiology
  • Psychomotor Performance
  • Subthalamic Nucleus - physiology
  • Surprise
  • Unexpected events
  • Working Memory
ispartof: Neuron (Cambridge, Mass.), 2017-01-18, Vol.93 (2), p.259-280
description: Unexpected events are part of everyday experience. They come in several varieties—action errors, unexpected action outcomes, and unexpected perceptual events—and they lead to motor slowing and cognitive distraction. While different varieties of unexpected events have been studied largely independently, and many different mechanisms are thought to explain their effects on action and cognition, we suggest a unifying theory. We propose that unexpected events recruit a fronto-basal-ganglia network for stopping. This network includes specific prefrontal cortical nodes and is posited to project to the subthalamic nucleus, with a putative global suppressive effect on basal-ganglia output. We argue that unexpected events interrupt action and impact cognition, partly at least, by recruiting this global suppressive network. This provides a common mechanistic basis for different types of unexpected events; links the literatures on motor inhibition, performance monitoring, attention, and working memory; and is relevant for understanding clinical symptoms of distractibility and mental inflexibility. Wessel and Aron provide a new perspective on unexpected events. They argue that unexpected events interrupt action and cognition, partly by recruiting a specific fronto-basal-ganglia mechanism heretofore related to action stopping. Their theory links diverse literatures and has clinical implications.
language: eng
source: Alma/SFX Local Collection
identifier: ISSN: 0896-6273
fulltext: fulltext
issn:
  • 0896-6273
  • 1097-4199
url: Link


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descriptionUnexpected events are part of everyday experience. They come in several varieties—action errors, unexpected action outcomes, and unexpected perceptual events—and they lead to motor slowing and cognitive distraction. While different varieties of unexpected events have been studied largely independently, and many different mechanisms are thought to explain their effects on action and cognition, we suggest a unifying theory. We propose that unexpected events recruit a fronto-basal-ganglia network for stopping. This network includes specific prefrontal cortical nodes and is posited to project to the subthalamic nucleus, with a putative global suppressive effect on basal-ganglia output. We argue that unexpected events interrupt action and impact cognition, partly at least, by recruiting this global suppressive network. This provides a common mechanistic basis for different types of unexpected events; links the literatures on motor inhibition, performance monitoring, attention, and working memory; and is relevant for understanding clinical symptoms of distractibility and mental inflexibility. Wessel and Aron provide a new perspective on unexpected events. They argue that unexpected events interrupt action and cognition, partly by recruiting a specific fronto-basal-ganglia mechanism heretofore related to action stopping. Their theory links diverse literatures and has clinical implications.
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subjectAnimal cognition ; Article ; Attention ; Attention - physiology ; Basal Ganglia - physiology ; Behavior ; Brain - physiology ; Brain research ; Cognition ; Cognition - physiology ; Cognitive Control ; Decision making ; Distraction ; Errors ; Hospitals ; Humans ; Inhibition (Psychology) ; Memory ; Memory, Short-Term - physiology ; Motor Activity - physiology ; Motor inhibition ; Neurosciences ; Novels ; Prefrontal Cortex - physiology ; Psychomotor Performance ; Subthalamic Nucleus - physiology ; Surprise ; Unexpected events ; Working Memory
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abstractUnexpected events are part of everyday experience. They come in several varieties—action errors, unexpected action outcomes, and unexpected perceptual events—and they lead to motor slowing and cognitive distraction. While different varieties of unexpected events have been studied largely independently, and many different mechanisms are thought to explain their effects on action and cognition, we suggest a unifying theory. We propose that unexpected events recruit a fronto-basal-ganglia network for stopping. This network includes specific prefrontal cortical nodes and is posited to project to the subthalamic nucleus, with a putative global suppressive effect on basal-ganglia output. We argue that unexpected events interrupt action and impact cognition, partly at least, by recruiting this global suppressive network. This provides a common mechanistic basis for different types of unexpected events; links the literatures on motor inhibition, performance monitoring, attention, and working memory; and is relevant for understanding clinical symptoms of distractibility and mental inflexibility. Wessel and Aron provide a new perspective on unexpected events. They argue that unexpected events interrupt action and cognition, partly by recruiting a specific fronto-basal-ganglia mechanism heretofore related to action stopping. Their theory links diverse literatures and has clinical implications.
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