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Joining, Leaving, and Staying in the American Indian/Alaska Native Race Category Between 2000 and 2010

Conceptualizing and operationalizing American Indian populations is challenging. Each census for decades has seen the American Indian population increase substantially more than expected, with indirect and qualitative evidence that this is due to changes in individuals' race responses. We apply uniq... Full description

Journal Title: Demography 2016, Vol.53 (2), p.507-540
Main Author: Liebler, Carolyn A
Other Authors: Bhaskar, Renuka , Porter (née Rastogi), Sonya R
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: New York: Population Association of America (Springer)
ID: ISSN: 0070-3370
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26988712
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title: Joining, Leaving, and Staying in the American Indian/Alaska Native Race Category Between 2000 and 2010
format: Article
creator:
  • Liebler, Carolyn A
  • Bhaskar, Renuka
  • Porter (née Rastogi), Sonya R
subjects:
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Alaska Natives
  • Alaska Natives - psychology
  • Alaska Natives - statistics & numerical data
  • American Indians
  • Ancestry
  • Article
  • Census
  • Census of Population
  • Censuses
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Continental Population Groups - classification
  • Continental Population Groups - psychology
  • Continental Population Groups - statistics & numerical data
  • Cultural heritage
  • Demography
  • Ethnic identity
  • Female
  • general
  • Geography
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Hispanic people
  • Hispanics
  • Humans
  • Indians, North American - psychology
  • Indians, North American - statistics & numerical data
  • Indigenous peoples
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Linked Data
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Medicine/Public Health
  • Middle Aged
  • Multivariate Analysis
  • Native North Americans
  • Operational definitions
  • OTHER
  • Population Economics
  • Population Growth
  • Race
  • Racial identity
  • Regression analysis
  • Social Identification
  • Social Sciences
  • Sociology
  • United States
  • White people
  • Workforce
  • Young Adult
ispartof: Demography, 2016, Vol.53 (2), p.507-540
description: Conceptualizing and operationalizing American Indian populations is challenging. Each census for decades has seen the American Indian population increase substantially more than expected, with indirect and qualitative evidence that this is due to changes in individuals' race responses. We apply uniquely suited (but not nationally representative) linked data from the 2000 and 2010 decennial censuses (N = 3.1 million) and the 2006–2010 American Community Survey (N = 188,131) to address three research questions. First, to what extent do American Indian people have different race responses across data sources? We find considerable race response change, especially among multiple-race and/or Hispanic American Indians. Second, how are people who change responses different from or similar to those who do not? We find three sets of American Indians: those who (1) had the same race and Hispanic responses in 2000 and 2010, (2) moved between single-race and multiple-race American Indian responses, and (3) added or dropped the American Indian response, thus joining or leaving the enumerated American Indian population. People in groups (1) and (2) were relatively likely to report a tribe, live in an American Indian area, report American Indian ancestry, and live in the West. Third, how are people who join a group different from or similar to those who leave it? Multivariate models show general similarity between joiners and leavers in group (1) and in group (2). Population turnover is hidden in cross-sectional comparisons; people joining each subpopulation of American Indians are similar in number and characteristics to those who leave it.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0070-3370
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0070-3370
  • 1533-7790
url: Link


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titleJoining, Leaving, and Staying in the American Indian/Alaska Native Race Category Between 2000 and 2010
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descriptionConceptualizing and operationalizing American Indian populations is challenging. Each census for decades has seen the American Indian population increase substantially more than expected, with indirect and qualitative evidence that this is due to changes in individuals' race responses. We apply uniquely suited (but not nationally representative) linked data from the 2000 and 2010 decennial censuses (N = 3.1 million) and the 2006–2010 American Community Survey (N = 188,131) to address three research questions. First, to what extent do American Indian people have different race responses across data sources? We find considerable race response change, especially among multiple-race and/or Hispanic American Indians. Second, how are people who change responses different from or similar to those who do not? We find three sets of American Indians: those who (1) had the same race and Hispanic responses in 2000 and 2010, (2) moved between single-race and multiple-race American Indian responses, and (3) added or dropped the American Indian response, thus joining or leaving the enumerated American Indian population. People in groups (1) and (2) were relatively likely to report a tribe, live in an American Indian area, report American Indian ancestry, and live in the West. Third, how are people who join a group different from or similar to those who leave it? Multivariate models show general similarity between joiners and leavers in group (1) and in group (2). Population turnover is hidden in cross-sectional comparisons; people joining each subpopulation of American Indians are similar in number and characteristics to those who leave it.
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subjectAdolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Alaska Natives ; Alaska Natives - psychology ; Alaska Natives - statistics & numerical data ; American Indians ; Ancestry ; Article ; Census ; Census of Population ; Censuses ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Continental Population Groups - classification ; Continental Population Groups - psychology ; Continental Population Groups - statistics & numerical data ; Cultural heritage ; Demography ; Ethnic identity ; Female ; general ; Geography ; Hispanic Americans ; Hispanic people ; Hispanics ; Humans ; Indians, North American - psychology ; Indians, North American - statistics & numerical data ; Indigenous peoples ; Infant ; Infant, Newborn ; Linked Data ; Logistic Models ; Male ; Medicine/Public Health ; Middle Aged ; Multivariate Analysis ; Native North Americans ; Operational definitions ; OTHER ; Population Economics ; Population Growth ; Race ; Racial identity ; Regression analysis ; Social Identification ; Social Sciences ; Sociology ; United States ; White people ; Workforce ; Young Adult
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atitleJoining, Leaving, and Staying in the American Indian/Alaska Native Race Category Between 2000 and 2010
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date2016-04-01
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notesThis paper is released to inform interested parties of research and to encourage discussion. The views expressed are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the U.S. Census Bureau.
abstractConceptualizing and operationalizing American Indian populations is challenging. Each census for decades has seen the American Indian population increase substantially more than expected, with indirect and qualitative evidence that this is due to changes in individuals' race responses. We apply uniquely suited (but not nationally representative) linked data from the 2000 and 2010 decennial censuses (N = 3.1 million) and the 2006–2010 American Community Survey (N = 188,131) to address three research questions. First, to what extent do American Indian people have different race responses across data sources? We find considerable race response change, especially among multiple-race and/or Hispanic American Indians. Second, how are people who change responses different from or similar to those who do not? We find three sets of American Indians: those who (1) had the same race and Hispanic responses in 2000 and 2010, (2) moved between single-race and multiple-race American Indian responses, and (3) added or dropped the American Indian response, thus joining or leaving the enumerated American Indian population. People in groups (1) and (2) were relatively likely to report a tribe, live in an American Indian area, report American Indian ancestry, and live in the West. Third, how are people who join a group different from or similar to those who leave it? Multivariate models show general similarity between joiners and leavers in group (1) and in group (2). Population turnover is hidden in cross-sectional comparisons; people joining each subpopulation of American Indians are similar in number and characteristics to those who leave it.
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