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Molecular variation among virulent and avirulent strains of the quarantine nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus

Bursaphelenchus xylophilus is an emerging pathogenic nematode that is responsible for a devastating epidemic of pine wilt disease worldwide, causing severe ecological damage and economic losses to forestry. Two forms of this nematode have been reported, i.e., with strong and weak virulence, commonly... Full description

Journal Title: Molecular genetics and genomics : MGG 2020, Vol.296 (2), p.259-269
Main Author: Filipiak, Anna
Other Authors: Malewski, Tadeusz , Matczyńska, Ewa , Tomalak, Marek
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg
ID: ISSN: 1617-4615
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33169231
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title: Molecular variation among virulent and avirulent strains of the quarantine nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus
format: Article
creator:
  • Filipiak, Anna
  • Malewski, Tadeusz
  • Matczyńska, Ewa
  • Tomalak, Marek
subjects:
  • Analysis
  • Animal Genetics and Genomics
  • Animals
  • Anopheles
  • Biochemistry
  • Biological control
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Bursaphelenchus xylophilus
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Forests and forestry
  • general
  • Genes
  • Genetic research
  • Genetic Variation
  • Genome variation
  • Genomes
  • Genomics
  • GO-enrichment analysis
  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
  • Human Genetics
  • Life Sciences
  • Microbial Genetics and Genomics
  • Nematoda
  • Next-generation sequencing
  • Original
  • Original Article
  • Pathogenesis
  • Pathogenicity
  • Pests
  • Pine wilt disease
  • Pine wood nematode
  • Plant Genetics and Genomics
  • Protozoan Proteins - genetics
  • Quarantine
  • Research institutes
  • Rhabditida - genetics
  • Rhabditida - pathogenicity
  • Virulence
  • Virulence (Microbiology)
  • Virulence Factors - genetics
  • Whole Genome Sequencing - methods
  • Wilt
ispartof: Molecular genetics and genomics : MGG, 2020, Vol.296 (2), p.259-269
description: Bursaphelenchus xylophilus is an emerging pathogenic nematode that is responsible for a devastating epidemic of pine wilt disease worldwide, causing severe ecological damage and economic losses to forestry. Two forms of this nematode have been reported, i.e., with strong and weak virulence, commonly referred as virulent and avirulent strains. However, the pathogenicity-related genes of B. xylophilus are not sufficiently characterized. In this study, to find pathogenesis related genes we re-sequenced and compared genomes of two virulent and two avirulent populations. We identified genes affected by genomic variation, and functional annotation of those genes indicated that some of them might play potential roles in pathogenesis. The performed analysis showed that both avirulent populations differed from the virulent ones by 1576 genes with high impact variants. Demonstration of genetic differences between virulent and avirulent strains will provide effective methods to distinguish these two nematode virulence forms at the molecular level. The reported results provide basic information that can facilitate development of a better diagnosis for B. xylophilus isolates/strains which present different levels of virulence and better understanding of the molecular mechanism involved in the development of the PWD.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1617-4615
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 1617-4615
  • 1617-4623
url: Link


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titleMolecular variation among virulent and avirulent strains of the quarantine nematode Bursaphelenchus xylophilus
creatorFilipiak, Anna ; Malewski, Tadeusz ; Matczyńska, Ewa ; Tomalak, Marek
creatorcontribFilipiak, Anna ; Malewski, Tadeusz ; Matczyńska, Ewa ; Tomalak, Marek
descriptionBursaphelenchus xylophilus is an emerging pathogenic nematode that is responsible for a devastating epidemic of pine wilt disease worldwide, causing severe ecological damage and economic losses to forestry. Two forms of this nematode have been reported, i.e., with strong and weak virulence, commonly referred as virulent and avirulent strains. However, the pathogenicity-related genes of B. xylophilus are not sufficiently characterized. In this study, to find pathogenesis related genes we re-sequenced and compared genomes of two virulent and two avirulent populations. We identified genes affected by genomic variation, and functional annotation of those genes indicated that some of them might play potential roles in pathogenesis. The performed analysis showed that both avirulent populations differed from the virulent ones by 1576 genes with high impact variants. Demonstration of genetic differences between virulent and avirulent strains will provide effective methods to distinguish these two nematode virulence forms at the molecular level. The reported results provide basic information that can facilitate development of a better diagnosis for B. xylophilus isolates/strains which present different levels of virulence and better understanding of the molecular mechanism involved in the development of the PWD.
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subjectAnalysis ; Animal Genetics and Genomics ; Animals ; Anopheles ; Biochemistry ; Biological control ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Bursaphelenchus xylophilus ; Evolution, Molecular ; Forests and forestry ; general ; Genes ; Genetic research ; Genetic Variation ; Genome variation ; Genomes ; Genomics ; GO-enrichment analysis ; High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing ; Human Genetics ; Life Sciences ; Microbial Genetics and Genomics ; Nematoda ; Next-generation sequencing ; Original ; Original Article ; Pathogenesis ; Pathogenicity ; Pests ; Pine wilt disease ; Pine wood nematode ; Plant Genetics and Genomics ; Protozoan Proteins - genetics ; Quarantine ; Research institutes ; Rhabditida - genetics ; Rhabditida - pathogenicity ; Virulence ; Virulence (Microbiology) ; Virulence Factors - genetics ; Whole Genome Sequencing - methods ; Wilt
ispartofMolecular genetics and genomics : MGG, 2020, Vol.296 (2), p.259-269
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descriptionBursaphelenchus xylophilus is an emerging pathogenic nematode that is responsible for a devastating epidemic of pine wilt disease worldwide, causing severe ecological damage and economic losses to forestry. Two forms of this nematode have been reported, i.e., with strong and weak virulence, commonly referred as virulent and avirulent strains. However, the pathogenicity-related genes of B. xylophilus are not sufficiently characterized. In this study, to find pathogenesis related genes we re-sequenced and compared genomes of two virulent and two avirulent populations. We identified genes affected by genomic variation, and functional annotation of those genes indicated that some of them might play potential roles in pathogenesis. The performed analysis showed that both avirulent populations differed from the virulent ones by 1576 genes with high impact variants. Demonstration of genetic differences between virulent and avirulent strains will provide effective methods to distinguish these two nematode virulence forms at the molecular level. The reported results provide basic information that can facilitate development of a better diagnosis for B. xylophilus isolates/strains which present different levels of virulence and better understanding of the molecular mechanism involved in the development of the PWD.
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4Biochemistry
5Biological control
6Biomedical and Life Sciences
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8Evolution, Molecular
9Forests and forestry
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12Genetic research
13Genetic Variation
14Genome variation
15Genomes
16Genomics
17GO-enrichment analysis
18High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
19Human Genetics
20Life Sciences
21Microbial Genetics and Genomics
22Nematoda
23Next-generation sequencing
24Original
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27Pathogenicity
28Pests
29Pine wilt disease
30Pine wood nematode
31Plant Genetics and Genomics
32Protozoan Proteins - genetics
33Quarantine
34Research institutes
35Rhabditida - genetics
36Rhabditida - pathogenicity
37Virulence
38Virulence (Microbiology)
39Virulence Factors - genetics
40Whole Genome Sequencing - methods
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39Virulence Factors - genetics
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abstractBursaphelenchus xylophilus is an emerging pathogenic nematode that is responsible for a devastating epidemic of pine wilt disease worldwide, causing severe ecological damage and economic losses to forestry. Two forms of this nematode have been reported, i.e., with strong and weak virulence, commonly referred as virulent and avirulent strains. However, the pathogenicity-related genes of B. xylophilus are not sufficiently characterized. In this study, to find pathogenesis related genes we re-sequenced and compared genomes of two virulent and two avirulent populations. We identified genes affected by genomic variation, and functional annotation of those genes indicated that some of them might play potential roles in pathogenesis. The performed analysis showed that both avirulent populations differed from the virulent ones by 1576 genes with high impact variants. Demonstration of genetic differences between virulent and avirulent strains will provide effective methods to distinguish these two nematode virulence forms at the molecular level. The reported results provide basic information that can facilitate development of a better diagnosis for B. xylophilus isolates/strains which present different levels of virulence and better understanding of the molecular mechanism involved in the development of the PWD.
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pmid33169231
doi10.1007/s00438-020-01739-w
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