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Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose regulation in Spain: the Di@bet.es Study

Aims/hypothesis The Di@bet.es Study is the first national study in Spain to examine the prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose regulation. Methods A population-based, cross-sectional, cluster sampling study was carried out, with target population being the entire Spanish population. Five thousa... Full description

Journal Title: Diabetologia 2011-10-11, Vol.55 (1), p.88-93
Main Author: Soriguer, F
Other Authors: Goday, A , Bosch-Comas, A , Bordiú, E , Calle-Pascual, A , Carmena, R , Casamitjana, R , Castaño, L , Castell, C , Catalá, M , Delgado, E , Franch, J , Gaztambide, S , Girbés, J , Gomis, R , Gutiérrez, G , López-Alba, A , Martínez-Larrad, M. T , Menéndez, E , Mora-Peces, I , Ortega, E , Pascual-Manich, G , Rojo-Martínez, G , Serrano-Rios, M , Valdés, S , Vázquez, J. A , Vendrell, J
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
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Publisher: Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag
ID: ISSN: 0012-186X
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recordid: cdi_springer_journals_10_1007_s00125_011_2336_9
title: Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose regulation in Spain: the Di@bet.es Study
format: Article
creator:
  • Soriguer, F
  • Goday, A
  • Bosch-Comas, A
  • Bordiú, E
  • Calle-Pascual, A
  • Carmena, R
  • Casamitjana, R
  • Castaño, L
  • Castell, C
  • Catalá, M
  • Delgado, E
  • Franch, J
  • Gaztambide, S
  • Girbés, J
  • Gomis, R
  • Gutiérrez, G
  • López-Alba, A
  • Martínez-Larrad, M. T
  • Menéndez, E
  • Mora-Peces, I
  • Ortega, E
  • Pascual-Manich, G
  • Rojo-Martínez, G
  • Serrano-Rios, M
  • Valdés, S
  • Vázquez, J. A
  • Vendrell, J
subjects:
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Dextrose
  • Diabetes
  • Diabetes Mellitus - epidemiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus - ethnology
  • Diabetes. Impaired glucose tolerance
  • Endocrine pancreas. Apud cells (diseases)
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinopathies
  • Epidemiology
  • Etiopathogenesis. Screening. Investigations. Target tissue resistance
  • Female
  • Glucose
  • Glucose Intolerance - epidemiology
  • Glucose Intolerance - ethnology
  • Glucose Metabolism Disorders - epidemiology
  • Glucose Metabolism Disorders - ethnology
  • Glucose tolerance tests
  • Health Surveys
  • Human Physiology
  • Humans
  • Internal Medicine
  • Male
  • Medical sciences
  • Medicine
  • Medicine & Public Health
  • Metabolic Diseases
  • Metabolism
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Prevalence studies (Epidemiology)
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Distribution
  • Short Communication
  • Spain
  • Spain - epidemiology
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • Young Adult
ispartof: Diabetologia, 2011-10-11, Vol.55 (1), p.88-93
description: Aims/hypothesis The Di@bet.es Study is the first national study in Spain to examine the prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose regulation. Methods A population-based, cross-sectional, cluster sampling study was carried out, with target population being the entire Spanish population. Five thousand and seventy-two participants in 100 clusters (health centres or the equivalent in each region) were randomly selected with a probability proportional to population size. Participation rate was 55.8%. Study variables were a clinical and demographic structured survey, lifestyle survey, physical examination (weight, height, BMI, waist and hip circumference, blood pressure) and OGTT (75 g). Results Almost 30% of the study population had some carbohydrate disturbance. The overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus adjusted for age and sex was 13.8% (95% CI 12.8, 14.7%), of which about half had unknown diabetes: 6.0% (95% CI 5.4, 6.7%). The age- and sex-adjusted prevalence rates of isolated impaired fasting glucose (IFG), isolated impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and combined IFG–IGT were 3.4% (95% CI 2.9, 4.0%), 9.2% (95% CI 8.2, 10.2%) and 2.2% (95% CI 1.7, 2.7%), respectively. The prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose regulation increased significantly with age ( p  
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0012-186X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0012-186X
  • 1432-0428
url: Link


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titlePrevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose regulation in Spain: the Di@bet.es Study
creatorSoriguer, F ; Goday, A ; Bosch-Comas, A ; Bordiú, E ; Calle-Pascual, A ; Carmena, R ; Casamitjana, R ; Castaño, L ; Castell, C ; Catalá, M ; Delgado, E ; Franch, J ; Gaztambide, S ; Girbés, J ; Gomis, R ; Gutiérrez, G ; López-Alba, A ; Martínez-Larrad, M. T ; Menéndez, E ; Mora-Peces, I ; Ortega, E ; Pascual-Manich, G ; Rojo-Martínez, G ; Serrano-Rios, M ; Valdés, S ; Vázquez, J. A ; Vendrell, J
creatorcontribSoriguer, F ; Goday, A ; Bosch-Comas, A ; Bordiú, E ; Calle-Pascual, A ; Carmena, R ; Casamitjana, R ; Castaño, L ; Castell, C ; Catalá, M ; Delgado, E ; Franch, J ; Gaztambide, S ; Girbés, J ; Gomis, R ; Gutiérrez, G ; López-Alba, A ; Martínez-Larrad, M. T ; Menéndez, E ; Mora-Peces, I ; Ortega, E ; Pascual-Manich, G ; Rojo-Martínez, G ; Serrano-Rios, M ; Valdés, S ; Vázquez, J. A ; Vendrell, J
descriptionAims/hypothesis The Di@bet.es Study is the first national study in Spain to examine the prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose regulation. Methods A population-based, cross-sectional, cluster sampling study was carried out, with target population being the entire Spanish population. Five thousand and seventy-two participants in 100 clusters (health centres or the equivalent in each region) were randomly selected with a probability proportional to population size. Participation rate was 55.8%. Study variables were a clinical and demographic structured survey, lifestyle survey, physical examination (weight, height, BMI, waist and hip circumference, blood pressure) and OGTT (75 g). Results Almost 30% of the study population had some carbohydrate disturbance. The overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus adjusted for age and sex was 13.8% (95% CI 12.8, 14.7%), of which about half had unknown diabetes: 6.0% (95% CI 5.4, 6.7%). The age- and sex-adjusted prevalence rates of isolated impaired fasting glucose (IFG), isolated impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and combined IFG–IGT were 3.4% (95% CI 2.9, 4.0%), 9.2% (95% CI 8.2, 10.2%) and 2.2% (95% CI 1.7, 2.7%), respectively. The prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose regulation increased significantly with age ( p  < 0.0001), and was higher in men than in women ( p  < 0.001). Conclusions/interpretation The Di@bet.es Study shows, for the first time, the prevalence rates of diabetes and impaired glucose regulation in a representative sample of the Spanish population.
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languageeng
publisherBerlin/Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag
subjectAdolescent ; Adult ; Age Factors ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Biological and medical sciences ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Dextrose ; Diabetes ; Diabetes Mellitus - epidemiology ; Diabetes Mellitus - ethnology ; Diabetes. Impaired glucose tolerance ; Endocrine pancreas. Apud cells (diseases) ; Endocrinology ; Endocrinopathies ; Epidemiology ; Etiopathogenesis. Screening. Investigations. Target tissue resistance ; Female ; Glucose ; Glucose Intolerance - epidemiology ; Glucose Intolerance - ethnology ; Glucose Metabolism Disorders - epidemiology ; Glucose Metabolism Disorders - ethnology ; Glucose tolerance tests ; Health Surveys ; Human Physiology ; Humans ; Internal Medicine ; Male ; Medical sciences ; Medicine ; Medicine & Public Health ; Metabolic Diseases ; Metabolism ; Middle Aged ; Prevalence ; Prevalence studies (Epidemiology) ; Risk Factors ; Sex Distribution ; Short Communication ; Spain ; Spain - epidemiology ; Type 2 diabetes ; Type 2 diabetes mellitus ; Young Adult
ispartofDiabetologia, 2011-10-11, Vol.55 (1), p.88-93
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0Soriguer, F
1Goday, A
2Bosch-Comas, A
3Bordiú, E
4Calle-Pascual, A
5Carmena, R
6Casamitjana, R
7Castaño, L
8Castell, C
9Catalá, M
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11Franch, J
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13Girbés, J
14Gomis, R
15Gutiérrez, G
16López-Alba, A
17Martínez-Larrad, M. T
18Menéndez, E
19Mora-Peces, I
20Ortega, E
21Pascual-Manich, G
22Rojo-Martínez, G
23Serrano-Rios, M
24Valdés, S
25Vázquez, J. A
26Vendrell, J
title
0Prevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose regulation in Spain: the Di@bet.es Study
1Diabetologia
addtitle
0Diabetologia
1Diabetologia
descriptionAims/hypothesis The Di@bet.es Study is the first national study in Spain to examine the prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose regulation. Methods A population-based, cross-sectional, cluster sampling study was carried out, with target population being the entire Spanish population. Five thousand and seventy-two participants in 100 clusters (health centres or the equivalent in each region) were randomly selected with a probability proportional to population size. Participation rate was 55.8%. Study variables were a clinical and demographic structured survey, lifestyle survey, physical examination (weight, height, BMI, waist and hip circumference, blood pressure) and OGTT (75 g). Results Almost 30% of the study population had some carbohydrate disturbance. The overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus adjusted for age and sex was 13.8% (95% CI 12.8, 14.7%), of which about half had unknown diabetes: 6.0% (95% CI 5.4, 6.7%). The age- and sex-adjusted prevalence rates of isolated impaired fasting glucose (IFG), isolated impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and combined IFG–IGT were 3.4% (95% CI 2.9, 4.0%), 9.2% (95% CI 8.2, 10.2%) and 2.2% (95% CI 1.7, 2.7%), respectively. The prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose regulation increased significantly with age ( p  < 0.0001), and was higher in men than in women ( p  < 0.001). Conclusions/interpretation The Di@bet.es Study shows, for the first time, the prevalence rates of diabetes and impaired glucose regulation in a representative sample of the Spanish population.
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5Biological and medical sciences
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8Diabetes
9Diabetes Mellitus - epidemiology
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11Diabetes. Impaired glucose tolerance
12Endocrine pancreas. Apud cells (diseases)
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16Etiopathogenesis. Screening. Investigations. Target tissue resistance
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19Glucose Intolerance - epidemiology
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35Prevalence
36Prevalence studies (Epidemiology)
37Risk Factors
38Sex Distribution
39Short Communication
40Spain
41Spain - epidemiology
42Type 2 diabetes
43Type 2 diabetes mellitus
44Young Adult
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titlePrevalence of diabetes mellitus and impaired glucose regulation in Spain: the Di@bet.es Study
authorSoriguer, F ; Goday, A ; Bosch-Comas, A ; Bordiú, E ; Calle-Pascual, A ; Carmena, R ; Casamitjana, R ; Castaño, L ; Castell, C ; Catalá, M ; Delgado, E ; Franch, J ; Gaztambide, S ; Girbés, J ; Gomis, R ; Gutiérrez, G ; López-Alba, A ; Martínez-Larrad, M. T ; Menéndez, E ; Mora-Peces, I ; Ortega, E ; Pascual-Manich, G ; Rojo-Martínez, G ; Serrano-Rios, M ; Valdés, S ; Vázquez, J. A ; Vendrell, J
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2Age Factors
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4Aged, 80 and over
5Biological and medical sciences
6Cross-Sectional Studies
7Dextrose
8Diabetes
9Diabetes Mellitus - epidemiology
10Diabetes Mellitus - ethnology
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12Endocrine pancreas. Apud cells (diseases)
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16Etiopathogenesis. Screening. Investigations. Target tissue resistance
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21Glucose Metabolism Disorders - epidemiology
22Glucose Metabolism Disorders - ethnology
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29Medical sciences
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31Medicine & Public Health
32Metabolic Diseases
33Metabolism
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35Prevalence
36Prevalence studies (Epidemiology)
37Risk Factors
38Sex Distribution
39Short Communication
40Spain
41Spain - epidemiology
42Type 2 diabetes
43Type 2 diabetes mellitus
44Young Adult
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abstractAims/hypothesis The Di@bet.es Study is the first national study in Spain to examine the prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose regulation. Methods A population-based, cross-sectional, cluster sampling study was carried out, with target population being the entire Spanish population. Five thousand and seventy-two participants in 100 clusters (health centres or the equivalent in each region) were randomly selected with a probability proportional to population size. Participation rate was 55.8%. Study variables were a clinical and demographic structured survey, lifestyle survey, physical examination (weight, height, BMI, waist and hip circumference, blood pressure) and OGTT (75 g). Results Almost 30% of the study population had some carbohydrate disturbance. The overall prevalence of diabetes mellitus adjusted for age and sex was 13.8% (95% CI 12.8, 14.7%), of which about half had unknown diabetes: 6.0% (95% CI 5.4, 6.7%). The age- and sex-adjusted prevalence rates of isolated impaired fasting glucose (IFG), isolated impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and combined IFG–IGT were 3.4% (95% CI 2.9, 4.0%), 9.2% (95% CI 8.2, 10.2%) and 2.2% (95% CI 1.7, 2.7%), respectively. The prevalence of diabetes and impaired glucose regulation increased significantly with age ( p  < 0.0001), and was higher in men than in women ( p  < 0.001). Conclusions/interpretation The Di@bet.es Study shows, for the first time, the prevalence rates of diabetes and impaired glucose regulation in a representative sample of the Spanish population.
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pubSpringer-Verlag
pmid21987347
doi10.1007/s00125-011-2336-9
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