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HIV Prevalence Among People Who Inject Drugs in Greater Kuala Lumpur Recruited Using Respondent-Driven Sampling

The HIV epidemic in Malaysia is concentrated among people who inject drugs (PWID). Accurate estimates of HIV prevalence are critical for developing appropriate treatment and prevention interventions for PWID in Malaysia. In 2010, 461 PWID were recruited using respondent-driven sampling in Greater Ku... Full description

Journal Title: AIDS and behavior 2015-09-10, Vol.19 (12), p.2347-2357
Main Author: Bazazi, Alexander R
Other Authors: Crawford, Forrest , Zelenev, Alexei , Heimer, Robert , Kamarulzaman, Adeeba , Altice, Frederick L
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: New York: Springer US
ID: ISSN: 1090-7165
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26358544
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recordid: cdi_springer_journals_10_1007_s10461_015_1191_y
title: HIV Prevalence Among People Who Inject Drugs in Greater Kuala Lumpur Recruited Using Respondent-Driven Sampling
format: Article
creator:
  • Bazazi, Alexander R
  • Crawford, Forrest
  • Zelenev, Alexei
  • Heimer, Robert
  • Kamarulzaman, Adeeba
  • Altice, Frederick L
subjects:
  • Article
  • Care and treatment
  • Diagnosis
  • Health Psychology
  • HIV infection
  • HIV Infections - epidemiology
  • HIV prevalence
  • HIV testing
  • Humans
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Malaysia
  • Malaysia - epidemiology
  • Medicine
  • Medicine & Public Health
  • Original Paper
  • People who inject drugs
  • Prevalence
  • Prevention
  • Public Health
  • Research
  • Respondent-driven sampling
  • Substance Abuse, Intravenous
  • Substance-Related Disorders
  • Surveillance
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Usage
  • virus diseases
ispartof: AIDS and behavior, 2015-09-10, Vol.19 (12), p.2347-2357
description: The HIV epidemic in Malaysia is concentrated among people who inject drugs (PWID). Accurate estimates of HIV prevalence are critical for developing appropriate treatment and prevention interventions for PWID in Malaysia. In 2010, 461 PWID were recruited using respondent-driven sampling in Greater Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Participants completed rapid HIV testing and behavioral assessments. Estimates of HIV prevalence were computed for each of the three recruitment sites and the overall sample. HIV prevalence was 15.8 % (95 % CI 12.5–19.2 %) overall but varied widely by location: 37.0 % (28.6–45.4 %) in Kampung Baru, 10.3 % (5.0–15.6 %) in Kajang, and 6.3 % (3.0–9.5 %) in Shah Alam. Recruitment extended to locations far from initial interview sites but was concentrated around discrete geographic regions. We document the high prevalence of HIV among PWID in Greater Kuala Lumpur. Sustained support for community surveillance and HIV prevention interventions is needed to stem the HIV epidemic among PWID in Malaysia.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 1090-7165
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 1090-7165
  • 1573-3254
url: Link


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descriptionThe HIV epidemic in Malaysia is concentrated among people who inject drugs (PWID). Accurate estimates of HIV prevalence are critical for developing appropriate treatment and prevention interventions for PWID in Malaysia. In 2010, 461 PWID were recruited using respondent-driven sampling in Greater Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Participants completed rapid HIV testing and behavioral assessments. Estimates of HIV prevalence were computed for each of the three recruitment sites and the overall sample. HIV prevalence was 15.8 % (95 % CI 12.5–19.2 %) overall but varied widely by location: 37.0 % (28.6–45.4 %) in Kampung Baru, 10.3 % (5.0–15.6 %) in Kajang, and 6.3 % (3.0–9.5 %) in Shah Alam. Recruitment extended to locations far from initial interview sites but was concentrated around discrete geographic regions. We document the high prevalence of HIV among PWID in Greater Kuala Lumpur. Sustained support for community surveillance and HIV prevention interventions is needed to stem the HIV epidemic among PWID in Malaysia.
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subjectArticle ; Care and treatment ; Diagnosis ; Health Psychology ; HIV infection ; HIV Infections - epidemiology ; HIV prevalence ; HIV testing ; Humans ; Infectious Diseases ; Malaysia ; Malaysia - epidemiology ; Medicine ; Medicine & Public Health ; Original Paper ; People who inject drugs ; Prevalence ; Prevention ; Public Health ; Research ; Respondent-driven sampling ; Substance Abuse, Intravenous ; Substance-Related Disorders ; Surveillance ; Surveys and Questionnaires ; Usage ; virus diseases
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descriptionThe HIV epidemic in Malaysia is concentrated among people who inject drugs (PWID). Accurate estimates of HIV prevalence are critical for developing appropriate treatment and prevention interventions for PWID in Malaysia. In 2010, 461 PWID were recruited using respondent-driven sampling in Greater Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Participants completed rapid HIV testing and behavioral assessments. Estimates of HIV prevalence were computed for each of the three recruitment sites and the overall sample. HIV prevalence was 15.8 % (95 % CI 12.5–19.2 %) overall but varied widely by location: 37.0 % (28.6–45.4 %) in Kampung Baru, 10.3 % (5.0–15.6 %) in Kajang, and 6.3 % (3.0–9.5 %) in Shah Alam. Recruitment extended to locations far from initial interview sites but was concentrated around discrete geographic regions. We document the high prevalence of HIV among PWID in Greater Kuala Lumpur. Sustained support for community surveillance and HIV prevention interventions is needed to stem the HIV epidemic among PWID in Malaysia.
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abstractThe HIV epidemic in Malaysia is concentrated among people who inject drugs (PWID). Accurate estimates of HIV prevalence are critical for developing appropriate treatment and prevention interventions for PWID in Malaysia. In 2010, 461 PWID were recruited using respondent-driven sampling in Greater Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Participants completed rapid HIV testing and behavioral assessments. Estimates of HIV prevalence were computed for each of the three recruitment sites and the overall sample. HIV prevalence was 15.8 % (95 % CI 12.5–19.2 %) overall but varied widely by location: 37.0 % (28.6–45.4 %) in Kampung Baru, 10.3 % (5.0–15.6 %) in Kajang, and 6.3 % (3.0–9.5 %) in Shah Alam. Recruitment extended to locations far from initial interview sites but was concentrated around discrete geographic regions. We document the high prevalence of HIV among PWID in Greater Kuala Lumpur. Sustained support for community surveillance and HIV prevention interventions is needed to stem the HIV epidemic among PWID in Malaysia.
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