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Fifty Communities Putting Prevention to Work: Accelerating Chronic Disease Prevention Through Policy, Systems and Environmental Change

The burden of preventable chronic diseases is straining our nation’s health and economy. Diseases caused by obesity and tobacco use account for the largest portions of this preventable burden. CDC funded 50 communities in 2010 to implement policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) interventions in a... Full description

Journal Title: Journal of community health 2012-02-10, Vol.37 (5), p.1081-1090
Main Author: Bunnell, Rebecca
Other Authors: O’Neil, Dara , Soler, Robin , Payne, Rebecca , Giles, Wayne H , Collins, Janet , Bauer, Ursula
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Boston: Springer US
ID: ISSN: 0094-5145
Link: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22323099
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recordid: cdi_springer_journals_10_1007_s10900_012_9542_3
title: Fifty Communities Putting Prevention to Work: Accelerating Chronic Disease Prevention Through Policy, Systems and Environmental Change
format: Article
creator:
  • Bunnell, Rebecca
  • O’Neil, Dara
  • Soler, Robin
  • Payne, Rebecca
  • Giles, Wayne H
  • Collins, Janet
  • Bauer, Ursula
subjects:
  • Census
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.)
  • Chronic Disease
  • Chronic illnesses
  • Community and Environmental Psychology
  • Community Health Services - economics
  • Community Health Services - organization & administration
  • Disease prevention
  • Diseases
  • Environmental Exposure - prevention & control
  • Environmental Factors
  • Environmental Policy
  • Ethics
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Health
  • Health education
  • Health Policy
  • Health promotion
  • Health Promotion and Disease Prevention
  • Humans
  • Intervention
  • Medicine
  • Medicine & Public Health
  • Obesity
  • Obesity - prevention & control
  • Original Paper
  • Prevention
  • Program Evaluation
  • Programming (Broadcast)
  • Public health
  • Social Support
  • Tobacco Smoke Pollution - prevention & control
  • Tobacco Use Disorder - prevention & control
  • United States
ispartof: Journal of community health, 2012-02-10, Vol.37 (5), p.1081-1090
description: The burden of preventable chronic diseases is straining our nation’s health and economy. Diseases caused by obesity and tobacco use account for the largest portions of this preventable burden. CDC funded 50 communities in 2010 to implement policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) interventions in a 2-year initiative. Funded communities developed PSE plans to reduce obesity, tobacco use, and second-hand smoke exposure for their combined 55 million residents. Community outcome objectives and milestones were categorized by PSE interventions as they related to media, access, promotion, pricing, and social support. Communities estimated population reach based on their jurisdiction’s census data and target populations. The average proportion of each community’s population that was reached was calculated for each intervention category. Outcome objectives that were achieved within 12 months of program initiation were identified from routine program records. The average proportion of a community’s jurisdictional population reached by a specific intervention varied across interventions. Mean population reach for obesity-prevention interventions was estimated at 35%, with 14 (26%) interventions covering over 50% of the jurisdictional populations. For tobacco prevention, mean population reach was estimated at 67%, with 16 (84%) interventions covering more than 50% of the jurisdictional populations. Within 12 months, communities advanced over one-third of their obesity and tobacco-use prevention strategies. Tobacco interventions appeared to have higher potential population reach than obesity interventions within this initiative. Findings on the progress and potential reach of this major initiative may help inform future chronic disease prevention efforts.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0094-5145
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0094-5145
  • 1573-3610
url: Link


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titleFifty Communities Putting Prevention to Work: Accelerating Chronic Disease Prevention Through Policy, Systems and Environmental Change
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descriptionThe burden of preventable chronic diseases is straining our nation’s health and economy. Diseases caused by obesity and tobacco use account for the largest portions of this preventable burden. CDC funded 50 communities in 2010 to implement policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) interventions in a 2-year initiative. Funded communities developed PSE plans to reduce obesity, tobacco use, and second-hand smoke exposure for their combined 55 million residents. Community outcome objectives and milestones were categorized by PSE interventions as they related to media, access, promotion, pricing, and social support. Communities estimated population reach based on their jurisdiction’s census data and target populations. The average proportion of each community’s population that was reached was calculated for each intervention category. Outcome objectives that were achieved within 12 months of program initiation were identified from routine program records. The average proportion of a community’s jurisdictional population reached by a specific intervention varied across interventions. Mean population reach for obesity-prevention interventions was estimated at 35%, with 14 (26%) interventions covering over 50% of the jurisdictional populations. For tobacco prevention, mean population reach was estimated at 67%, with 16 (84%) interventions covering more than 50% of the jurisdictional populations. Within 12 months, communities advanced over one-third of their obesity and tobacco-use prevention strategies. Tobacco interventions appeared to have higher potential population reach than obesity interventions within this initiative. Findings on the progress and potential reach of this major initiative may help inform future chronic disease prevention efforts.
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descriptionThe burden of preventable chronic diseases is straining our nation’s health and economy. Diseases caused by obesity and tobacco use account for the largest portions of this preventable burden. CDC funded 50 communities in 2010 to implement policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) interventions in a 2-year initiative. Funded communities developed PSE plans to reduce obesity, tobacco use, and second-hand smoke exposure for their combined 55 million residents. Community outcome objectives and milestones were categorized by PSE interventions as they related to media, access, promotion, pricing, and social support. Communities estimated population reach based on their jurisdiction’s census data and target populations. The average proportion of each community’s population that was reached was calculated for each intervention category. Outcome objectives that were achieved within 12 months of program initiation were identified from routine program records. The average proportion of a community’s jurisdictional population reached by a specific intervention varied across interventions. Mean population reach for obesity-prevention interventions was estimated at 35%, with 14 (26%) interventions covering over 50% of the jurisdictional populations. For tobacco prevention, mean population reach was estimated at 67%, with 16 (84%) interventions covering more than 50% of the jurisdictional populations. Within 12 months, communities advanced over one-third of their obesity and tobacco-use prevention strategies. Tobacco interventions appeared to have higher potential population reach than obesity interventions within this initiative. Findings on the progress and potential reach of this major initiative may help inform future chronic disease prevention efforts.
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abstractThe burden of preventable chronic diseases is straining our nation’s health and economy. Diseases caused by obesity and tobacco use account for the largest portions of this preventable burden. CDC funded 50 communities in 2010 to implement policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) interventions in a 2-year initiative. Funded communities developed PSE plans to reduce obesity, tobacco use, and second-hand smoke exposure for their combined 55 million residents. Community outcome objectives and milestones were categorized by PSE interventions as they related to media, access, promotion, pricing, and social support. Communities estimated population reach based on their jurisdiction’s census data and target populations. The average proportion of each community’s population that was reached was calculated for each intervention category. Outcome objectives that were achieved within 12 months of program initiation were identified from routine program records. The average proportion of a community’s jurisdictional population reached by a specific intervention varied across interventions. Mean population reach for obesity-prevention interventions was estimated at 35%, with 14 (26%) interventions covering over 50% of the jurisdictional populations. For tobacco prevention, mean population reach was estimated at 67%, with 16 (84%) interventions covering more than 50% of the jurisdictional populations. Within 12 months, communities advanced over one-third of their obesity and tobacco-use prevention strategies. Tobacco interventions appeared to have higher potential population reach than obesity interventions within this initiative. Findings on the progress and potential reach of this major initiative may help inform future chronic disease prevention efforts.
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