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Grazing-induced changes in plant species composition affect plant and soil properties of grassland mesocosms

Grazing-induced floristic changes in plant communities may accelerate or reduce plant and soil processes through changes in litter quality. Here, we intended to elucidate if the joint action of live and senescing plant tissue of palatable and non-palatable species differentially influences soil proc... Full description

Journal Title: Plant and soil 2010-03-01, Vol.328 (1/2), p.471-481
Main Author: Semmartin, María
Other Authors: Di Bella, Carla , de Salamone, Inés García
Format: Electronic Article Electronic Article
Language: English
Subjects:
Publisher: Dordrecht: Springer
ID: ISSN: 0032-079X
Link: http://pascal-francis.inist.fr/vibad/index.php?action=getRecordDetail&idt=22465298
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recordid: cdi_springer_journals_10_1007_s11104_009_0126_7
title: Grazing-induced changes in plant species composition affect plant and soil properties of grassland mesocosms
format: Article
creator:
  • Semmartin, María
  • Di Bella, Carla
  • de Salamone, Inés García
subjects:
  • Agricultural soils
  • Agronomy. Soil science and plant productions
  • Analysis
  • Animal and plant ecology
  • Animal, plant and microbial ecology
  • Beans
  • Biochemistry and biology
  • Biological and medical sciences
  • Biomass
  • Biomedical and Life Sciences
  • Chemical, physicochemical, biochemical and biological properties
  • Closed ecological systems
  • Ecology
  • Evaluation
  • Flowers & plants
  • Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology
  • General agronomy. Plant production
  • Grasses
  • Grassland soils
  • Grasslands
  • Grazing
  • Legumes
  • Life Sciences
  • Mesocosms
  • Mimosaceae
  • Nitrogen
  • Physics, chemistry, biochemistry and biology of agricultural and forest soils
  • Plant Physiology
  • Plant Sciences
  • Plants
  • Regular Article
  • Soil acidity
  • Soil bacteria
  • Soil ecology
  • Soil microbiology
  • Soil microorganisms
  • Soil science
  • Soil Science & Conservation
  • Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility
  • Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility. Fertilization. Amendments
  • Soils
  • Synecology
ispartof: Plant and soil, 2010-03-01, Vol.328 (1/2), p.471-481
description: Grazing-induced floristic changes in plant communities may accelerate or reduce plant and soil processes through changes in litter quality. Here, we intended to elucidate if the joint action of live and senescing plant tissue of palatable and non-palatable species differentially influences soil processes and properties. We conducted a 1-year experiment with mesocosms from a subhumid grassland. Mesocosms were monocultures of palatable or non-palatable species and a multispecific control. Palatable species included a legume and annual and perennial grasses, whereas non-palatable species included a perennial grass and annual and perennial forbs. Palatable monocultures showed greater soil mineral nitrogen, soil bacterial diversity, and lower soil pH than nonpalatable monocultures. These differences were not accounted for by differences in plant biomass. The multispecific control treatment only exhibited greater shoot biomass than the monocultures, and lower root biomass than the palatable monocultures. Our results suggest that the whole (live + dead plant tissue) had a specific imprint on soil system even when variation was not very apparent in terms of plant biomass, and that this effect was associated with plant palatability to domestic large herbivores.
language: eng
source:
identifier: ISSN: 0032-079X
fulltext: no_fulltext
issn:
  • 0032-079X
  • 1573-5036
url: Link


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titleGrazing-induced changes in plant species composition affect plant and soil properties of grassland mesocosms
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descriptionGrazing-induced floristic changes in plant communities may accelerate or reduce plant and soil processes through changes in litter quality. Here, we intended to elucidate if the joint action of live and senescing plant tissue of palatable and non-palatable species differentially influences soil processes and properties. We conducted a 1-year experiment with mesocosms from a subhumid grassland. Mesocosms were monocultures of palatable or non-palatable species and a multispecific control. Palatable species included a legume and annual and perennial grasses, whereas non-palatable species included a perennial grass and annual and perennial forbs. Palatable monocultures showed greater soil mineral nitrogen, soil bacterial diversity, and lower soil pH than nonpalatable monocultures. These differences were not accounted for by differences in plant biomass. The multispecific control treatment only exhibited greater shoot biomass than the monocultures, and lower root biomass than the palatable monocultures. Our results suggest that the whole (live + dead plant tissue) had a specific imprint on soil system even when variation was not very apparent in terms of plant biomass, and that this effect was associated with plant palatability to domestic large herbivores.
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subjectAgricultural soils ; Agronomy. Soil science and plant productions ; Analysis ; Animal and plant ecology ; Animal, plant and microbial ecology ; Beans ; Biochemistry and biology ; Biological and medical sciences ; Biomass ; Biomedical and Life Sciences ; Chemical, physicochemical, biochemical and biological properties ; Closed ecological systems ; Ecology ; Evaluation ; Flowers & plants ; Fundamental and applied biological sciences. Psychology ; General agronomy. Plant production ; Grasses ; Grassland soils ; Grasslands ; Grazing ; Legumes ; Life Sciences ; Mesocosms ; Mimosaceae ; Nitrogen ; Physics, chemistry, biochemistry and biology of agricultural and forest soils ; Plant Physiology ; Plant Sciences ; Plants ; Regular Article ; Soil acidity ; Soil bacteria ; Soil ecology ; Soil microbiology ; Soil microorganisms ; Soil science ; Soil Science & Conservation ; Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility ; Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility. Fertilization. Amendments ; Soils ; Synecology
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descriptionGrazing-induced floristic changes in plant communities may accelerate or reduce plant and soil processes through changes in litter quality. Here, we intended to elucidate if the joint action of live and senescing plant tissue of palatable and non-palatable species differentially influences soil processes and properties. We conducted a 1-year experiment with mesocosms from a subhumid grassland. Mesocosms were monocultures of palatable or non-palatable species and a multispecific control. Palatable species included a legume and annual and perennial grasses, whereas non-palatable species included a perennial grass and annual and perennial forbs. Palatable monocultures showed greater soil mineral nitrogen, soil bacterial diversity, and lower soil pH than nonpalatable monocultures. These differences were not accounted for by differences in plant biomass. The multispecific control treatment only exhibited greater shoot biomass than the monocultures, and lower root biomass than the palatable monocultures. Our results suggest that the whole (live + dead plant tissue) had a specific imprint on soil system even when variation was not very apparent in terms of plant biomass, and that this effect was associated with plant palatability to domestic large herbivores.
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38Soil-plant relationships. Soil fertility
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abstractGrazing-induced floristic changes in plant communities may accelerate or reduce plant and soil processes through changes in litter quality. Here, we intended to elucidate if the joint action of live and senescing plant tissue of palatable and non-palatable species differentially influences soil processes and properties. We conducted a 1-year experiment with mesocosms from a subhumid grassland. Mesocosms were monocultures of palatable or non-palatable species and a multispecific control. Palatable species included a legume and annual and perennial grasses, whereas non-palatable species included a perennial grass and annual and perennial forbs. Palatable monocultures showed greater soil mineral nitrogen, soil bacterial diversity, and lower soil pH than nonpalatable monocultures. These differences were not accounted for by differences in plant biomass. The multispecific control treatment only exhibited greater shoot biomass than the monocultures, and lower root biomass than the palatable monocultures. Our results suggest that the whole (live + dead plant tissue) had a specific imprint on soil system even when variation was not very apparent in terms of plant biomass, and that this effect was associated with plant palatability to domestic large herbivores.
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doi10.1007/s11104-009-0126-7